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1396 ( ) was a MCCCXCVI leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
January–December [ edit ]
May 19 – Martin I succeeds his brother, John I, as King of Aragon (now north-east Spain).
July 23 – Queen Margaret of Norway, Denmark and Sweden makes her adopted son Eric of Pomerania joint ruler of Sweden. Eric had already been made joint ruler of Norway. September –
Battle of the North Inch ("Battle of the Thirty"): In a mass trial by combat on the North Inch of Perth, Scotland, the Clan Cameron defeat the Clan Mackintosh.
September 25 – Battle of Nicopolis: The Ottomans defeat a joint crusade by Hungary, France, the Holy Roman Empire, England and Wallachia, led by  King Sigismund of Hungary. This is the last large-scale crusade of the Middle Ages.
October - A Transylvanian expedition captures Vlad I Uzurpatorul, thus allowing the restoration of Mircea I of Wallachia to the throne.
October 31 – The widowed Richard II of England (29), and 6-year-old Isabella of Valois (daughter of Charles VI of France), are married, resulting in a temporary peace between the kingdoms of England and France.
November 24 – The Transit of Venus, the last not to be part of a pair, is possibly observed by Aztec astronomers.
November 29 – Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, marries Joan Beaufort in England.
Date unknown [ edit ]
Ottomans capture the Bulgarian fortress of Vidin and Tsar Ivan Sratsimir, ending the Second Bulgarian Empire. The Bulgarian state is reestablished in 1878 as the Principality of Bulgaria. France conquers the
Republic of Genoa. After a 14-year
interregnum, Pedro de San Superano is declared ruler of the Principality of Achaea (modern-day Peloponnese, southern Greece). Abu Amir succeeds Abdul Aziz II as ruler of the
Marinid Dynasty, in present-day Morocco.
Timur appoints his son Miran Shah, as Timurid viceroy of present-day Azerbaijan. The
Kartid Dynasty is brought to an end in east Persia, after its remaining rulers are murdered at a banquet by Miran Shah, son of Timur Lenk. Philibert de Naillac succeeds
Juan Fernández de Heredia, as Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller.
Huitzilíhuitl succeeds his father, Acamapichtli, as ruler of the Aztecs. The Ulu Camii Mosque is built in
Bursa by the Ottomans. The
Ming Dynasty court of China sends two envoys, Qian Guxun and Li Sicong, to the Ava Kingdom of Burma and the Tai polity of the Mong Mao, in order to resolve a dispute between these two. The travels of the Chinese ambassadors are recorded in the historical text of the . Bai Yi Zhuan
Timur orders the construction of a garden in a meadow, House of Flowers. Peasants in the modern-day provinces of
Hunan and Hupeh in the east of China plant 84 million fruit trees.
Taejo of Joseon ends his rule. The
University of Zadar is founded, the first university in Croatia.
References [ edit ]
^ Nicolle, David (1999). Nicopolis 1396: The Last Crusade. Campaign Series. London: Osprey Publishing.