139 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
139 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar139 BC
Ab urbe condita615
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 185
- PharaohPtolemy VIII Physcon, 7
Ancient Greek era160th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4612
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−731
Berber calendar812
Buddhist calendar406
Burmese calendar−776
Byzantine calendar5370–5371
Chinese calendar辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
2558 or 2498
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
2559 or 2499
Coptic calendar−422 – −421
Discordian calendar1028
Ethiopian calendar−146 – −145
Hebrew calendar3622–3623
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−82 – −81
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2962–2963
Holocene calendar9862
Iranian calendar760 BP – 759 BP
Islamic calendar783 BH – 782 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2195
Minguo calendar2050 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1606
Seleucid era173/174 AG
Thai solar calendar404–405
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
−12 or −393 or −1165
    — to —
(male Water-Tiger)
−11 or −392 or −1164

Year 139 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Piso and Laenas (or, less frequently, year 615 Ab urbe condita) and the Second Year of Jianyuan. The denomination 139 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Emperor Wu of Han sends the diplomat Zhang Qian west to form an alliance with the Yuezhi against the Xiongnu. Wu does this after learning from Xiongnu defectors that the Xiongnu had defeated and killed the king of the Yuezhi, had expelled the Yuezhi from their lands and were using their king's skull as a wine goblet. The Yuezhi had subsequently migrated further west.
  • Soon after his departure for the west, Zhang Qian is detained by Junchen Chanyu of the Xiongnu. He would remain in Xiongnu custody for more than ten years and would be given a Xiongnu wife.[1]
  • Wei Zifu enters Emperor Wu's palace as a concubine and becomes pregnant. Enraged, Liu Piao, the mother of the childless Empress Chen Jiao (wife of Emperor Wu), kidnaps Zifu's brother Wei Qing, who is rescued by Gongsun Ao. Wu responds by advancing the careers of members of the Wei family.[2]

Roman Republic[edit]

By topic[edit]




  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  2. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. p. 132. ISBN 978-1628944167.