13 May 1945 German deserter execution

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The 13 May 1945 German deserter execution occurred five days after the capitulation of Adolf Hitler's Wehrmacht, when a court martial of captured German officers imposed a death sentence upon each of two deserters of the Kriegsmarine, Bruno Dorfer and Rainer Beck. The trial occurred in an abandoned Ford Motor Company assembly plant outside Amsterdam, which at the time was a Canadian-run prisoner-of-war camp.[1]

A German firing squad, supplied with captured German rifles and a three-ton truck by the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, and escorted by Canadian Captain Robert K. Swinton, carried out the sentence.[1]

In an analysis of the incident the historian Chris Madsen notes that faced with the huge task of disarming and evacuating the German armed forces in the Netherlands under discipline and without disorder, the Canadian military authorities felt obliged to work with their German counterparts. As a matter of mutual convenience the German command hierarchy was allowed to continue to function following the surrender, and this included the sentencing and execution of individuals such as Dorfer and Beck.

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