13th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
|13th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry|
Pictured are the Confederate Lines, Vicksburg, Mississippi, May 19, 1863. In this assault against bitter resistance the 1st Battalion, 13th Infantry, lost forty-three percent of its men, but of the attacking force, it alone fought its color up the steep slope to the top. General Sherman called its performance "unequalled in the Army" and authorized the 13th Infantry to inscribe "First at Vicksburg" on its color. From U.S. Army Center of Military History painting in "US Army in Action" series.
|Active||April 21, 1861, to June 18, 1864|
|Branch||Infantry Union Army|
The 13th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, nicknamed "Fremont's Grey Hounds," was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The Thirteenth was one of the regiments organized under the act known as the Ten Regiment Bill.
The 13th Illinois Infantry was mustered into state service by Captain John Pope, at Camp Dement, Dixon, Illinois, on April 21, 1861, and summoned into Federal service on May 24, 1861, for a three-year term. The Thirteenth was the first Regiment organized from the Second Congressional District of Northern Illinois.
In June, the regiment was ordered to Caseyville, Illinois, 10 miles east of St. Louis, and by July 5, had arrived at Rolla, Missouri, where it remained until the spring of 1862. While stationed at Rolla, the regiment was deployed to guard the supply trains to and from General Lyon’s army, from guerrilla bands in that part of the state. The Thirteenth was also part of General Fremont’s force that went to Springfield, Missouri, in the fall of 1861. In 1862 the regiment joined General Curtis’ army at Pea Ridge, Missouri, 250 miles southwest of Rolla, in his march from Pea Ridge to Helena, Arkansas, on the Mississippi River.
The regiment was part of General Sherman’s army in his attack on Chickasaw Bayou, and on the first day of battle at the Bayou, Colonel Wyman was killed. The Thirteenth was also present at the capture of Arkansas Post, and was successful in a raid in Greenville, Mississippi.
The regiment was mustered out on June 18, 1864.
Total strength and casualties
The regiment suffered 6 officers and 61 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 5 officers and 123 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 192 fatalities.
Infantry field and staff
- Colonel John B. Wyman - killed at the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou December 28, 1862.
- Colonel Adam B. Gorgas - Mustered out June 18, 1864
- Lt. Colonel Benjamin F. Parks - Resigned June 25, 1861
- Lt. Colonel William Frederick Partridge - Mustered out June 18, 1864
- Major James M. Beardsley - Mustered out June 18, 1864
- Major Douglas R. Bushnell- Killed Ringgold, Georgia November 27, 1863
- Quartermaster William C. Henderson - Resigned July 28, 1863
- Quartermaster John S. McClary - Mustered out June 18, 1864
- Adjutant Henry T. Porter - Mustered out June 18, 1864
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to American Civil War.|
- "Illinois Adjutant General's Report, Regimental and Unit Histories" (PDF). Cyber Drive Illinois. pp. 30–31.
- "History Of Thirteenth Infantry". Illinois in the Civil War.
- "Union Reginmental Histories - Illinois". The Civil War Archive.
- The Civil War Archive
- Military History and Reminiscences of the Thirteenth Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War in the United States, 1861-1865
- Illinois Flags From The Civil War 13th Illinois Volunteer Cavalry
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