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This article is about the year 1401. For the IBM computer system, see IBM 1401.
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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1370s 1380s 1390s – 1400s – 1410s 1420s 1430s|
|Years:||1398 1399 1400 – 1401 – 1402 1403 1404|
|1401 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1401 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2154|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 4 – 3 Hen. 4|
|Chinese calendar||庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4097 or 4037
— to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4098 or 4038
|- Vikram Samvat||1457–1458|
|- Shaka Samvat||1323–1324|
|- Kali Yuga||4502–4503|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 8
|Minguo calendar||511 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1943–1944|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1401.|
- January 6 – Rupert, King of Germany, is crowned King of the Romans at Cologne.
- March 2 – William Sawtrey, a Lollard, is the first person to be burned at the stake at Smithfield.
- March 13 – The Samogitians, supported by Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania, rebel against the Teutonic knights and burn two castles. Vytautas is granted increased autonomy by King Jogaila of the Poland–Lithuania union.
- March 24 – Turko-Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus.
- October 14 – Mahmud II, sultan of Delhi, is restored to power.
- The De heretico comburendo Act is passed in England, as the Archbishop of Canterbury pressures King Henry IV of England into outlawing as heretics the Lollards, followers of John Wycliffe. Evidence of being a Lollard is having a copy of Wycliffe's translation of the Bible.
- Dilawar Khan establishes the Malwa Sultanate in present-day northern India.
- Emperor Hồ Quý Ly of Dai Ngu (now Vietnam) passes the throne to his son, Hồ Hán Thương.
- A civil war, lasting four years, breaks out in the Majapahit Empire in present-day Indonesia.
- The Joseon Dynasty in present-day Korea officially enters into a tributary relationship with Ming Dynasty China.
- Japan re-enters into a tributary relationship with China.
- March 27 – Albert III, Duke of Bavaria, Duke of Bavaria-Munich (1438-1460) (d. 1460)
- May 10 – Thomas Tuddenham, Landowner (d. 1462)
- May 12 – Emperor Shoko of Japan (d. 1428)
- July 23 – Francesco I Sforza, Italian condottiero (d. 1466)
- September 14 – Maria of Castile, Queen of Aragon, Queen consort of Aragon and Naples (d. 1458)
- October 27 – Catherine of Valois, queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422 (d. 1437)
- October 28 – Thomas St Clere, Major 15th century English landowner (d. 1435)
- November 26 – Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset (d. 1418)
- December 21 – Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter (d. 1428)
- date unknown
- probable – Nicholas of Cusa, German philosopher, mathematician and astronomer (d. 1464)
- March – William Sawtrey, English Lollard martyr (burned at the stake)
- April 8 or August 8 – Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (b. 1338)
- May 25 - Queen Maria of Sicily (b. 1363)
- September 14 – Dobrogost of Nowy Dwór, Polish bishop (b. 1355)
- October – Anabella Drummond, queen of Scotland
- October 19 – John Charleton, 4th Baron Cherleton (b. 1362)
- October 20 – Klaus Störtebeker, German pirate
- November 25 - King Tarabya of Ava (b. 1368)
- date unknown – Andronikos Asen Zaccaria, Baron of Chalandritsa and Arcadia, Grand Constable of Achaea