From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1402.
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1370s 1380s 1390s – 1400s – 1410s 1420s 1430s|
|Years:||1399 1400 1401 – 1402 – 1403 1404 1405|
|1402 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1402 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2155|
|English Regnal year||3 Hen. 4 – 4 Hen. 4|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4098 or 4038
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4099 or 4039
|- Vikram Samvat||1458–1459|
|- Shaka Samvat||1324–1325|
|- Kali Yuga||4503–4504|
|Japanese calendar||Ōei 9
|Minguo calendar||510 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1944–1945|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1402.|
- January 29 – King Jogaila of the Poland–Lithuania union answers the rumblings against his rule of Poland by marrying Anna of Celje, a granddaughter of Casimir III of Poland.
- March 26 – David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland, dies while being held captive by his uncle, Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany.
- May 21 – Following the death of Queen Maria of Sicily, her husband Martin I of Sicily, now sole ruler, marries Blanche of Navarre.
- June 22
- June 26 – Battle of Casalecchio: Gian Galeazzo Visconti, the Duke of Milan, crushes the forces of Bologna and Florence, but he dies from a fever later this year and is succeeded by his son Gian Maria Visconti.
- July 12 – The Ming dynasty prince Zhu Di and his army occupies the Ming capital, Nanjing. The Jianwen Emperor is either lost or killed and Zhu Di takes over the throne as the Yongle Emperor. This marked the end of the Jingnan campaign.
- July 20 – Battle of Ankara: An invading Timurid Dynasty force defeats the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, who is captured. A period of interregnum begins in the Ottoman Empire with the future Mehmed I as one of the leading claimants to the throne. After Serbia is freed from Ottoman rule, Stefan Lazarević is crowned Despot of Serbia.
- September – Penal Laws against Wales The English Parliament passes the Penal Laws against Wales. The Laws stop the Welsh from gathering together, obtaining office, carrying arms and living in English towns. Any Englishman who marries a Welsh woman also comes under the laws.
- September 14 – Battle of Homildon Hill: Northern English nobles led by Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy and using longbows decisively defeat a Scottish raiding army and capture their leader, the Earl of Douglas.
- After the Christian Knights of Saint John, who are ruling Smyrna, refuse to convert to Islam or pay tribute, Timur has the entire population massacred. The Knights of Saint John subsequently begin building Bodrum Castle in Bodrum to defend against future attacks.
- Conquest of the Canary Islands: King Henry III of Castile sends French explorer Jean de Béthencourt to colonize the Canary Islands. Béthencourt receives the title King of the Canary Islands, but recognizes Henry as his overlord. This marks the beginning of the Spanish Empire.
- The Genoese regain control of Monaco.
- The White Sheep Turkmen Empire, in present-day northern Iraq and Iran, moves its capital from Amida to Diyarbakır.
- Moldavia becomes a vassal of Poland in order to protect itself from an invasion by Hungary.
- Maria II Zaccaria succeeds her husband, Peter of Saint Superan, as ruler of the Principality of Achaea (now southern Greece).
- Conchobar an Abaidh mac Maelsechlainn O Cellaigh succeeds Maelsechlainn mac William Buidhe O Cellaigh as King of Uí Maine in present day County Galway and County Roscommon in Ireland.
- The University of Würzburg, Germany, is founded.
- The Kangnido map of the world is completed in Joseon Dynasty Korea.
- The Great Comet of 1402 is sighted.
- August 15 – Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham (d. 1460)
- September 29 – Fernando, the Saint Prince of Portugal (d. 1443)
- November 23 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
- date unknown – Leonor of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (d. 1445)
- March 26 – David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (b. 1378)
- May 3 – João Anes, Archbishop of Lisbon
- July 13 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
- August 1 – Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of King Edward III of England (b. 1341)
- September 3 – Gian Galeazzo Visconti, first Duke of Milan (b. 1351)