1411 Brauna

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1411 Brauna
Discovered byK. Reinmuth
Discovery siteHeidelberg Obs.
Discovery date8 January 1937
(1411) Brauna
Named after
Margret Braun[2]
(wife of Heinrich Vogt)
1937 AM · 1929 RT
main-belt · (outer)
Eos[3] · background[4]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc80.32 yr (29,337 days)
Aphelion3.1727 AU
Perihelion2.8325 AU
3.0026 AU
5.20 yr (1,900 days)
0° 11m 21.84s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions28.272±0.173 km[5]
30.341±0.404 km[6]
31.17 km (derived)[3]
33.54±0.78 km[7]
4.90±0.01 h[8]
0.0793 (derived)[3]
S (assumed)[3]
10.90[3][6][7] · 11.0[1] · 11.12±0.54[9]

1411 Brauna, provisional designation 1937 AM, is a stony Eoan asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 31 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 8 January 1937, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg-Königstuhl State Observatory in Germany.[10] The asteroid was named after Margret Braun, wife of Heidelberg astronomer Heinrich Vogt.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Brauna is a member the Eos family (606),[3] one of the largest asteroid family in the main belt consisting of nearly 10,000 asteroids. The family's parent body is the asteroid 221 Eos. Brauna is, however, a non-family asteroid of the main belt's background population when applying the Hierarchical Clustering Method to its proper orbital elements.[4]

It orbits the Sun in the outer main-belt at a distance of 2.8–3.2 AU once every 5 years and 2 months (1,900 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.06 and an inclination of 8° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

Brauna was first identified as 1929 RT at Simeiz Observatory in September 1929. The body's observation arc begins at the discovering Heidelberg Observatory, one month after its official discovery observation.[10]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Brauna is an assumed S-type asteroid.[3]

Rotation period[edit]

In September 2007, photometric observations at the Oakley Observatory in Indiana, United States, were used to build a lightcurve for Brauna. The asteroid displayed a well-defined rotation period of 4.90 ± 0.01 hours and a brightness variation of 0.15 ± 0.05 in magnitude (U=3).[8]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Brauna measures between 28.272 and 33.54 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.070 and 0.096.[5][6][7]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.0793 and a diameter of 31.17 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.9.[3]


This minor planet was named after Margret Braun (died 1991), wife of the Heidelberg astronomer Heinrich Vogt (1890–1968), after whom 1439 Vogtia was named. The previously numbered asteroid 1410 Margret was also named after Margret Braun. The official naming citation was mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955 (H 128).[2]


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1411 Brauna (1937 AM)" (2017-05-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1411) Brauna". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1411) Brauna. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 114. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1412. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "LCDB Data for (1411) Brauna". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Asteroid 1411 Brauna – Proper Elements". AstDyS-2, Asteroids – Dynamic Site. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90.
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. (online, AcuA catalog p. 153)
  8. ^ a b Shipley, Heath; Dillard, Alex; Kendall, Jordan; Reichert, Matthew; Sauppe, Jason; Shaffer, Nelson; et al. (September 2008). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Oakley Observatory - September 2007". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 35 (3): 99–102. Bibcode:2008MPBu...35...99S. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  9. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  10. ^ a b "1411 Brauna (1937 AM)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 25 October 2017.

External links[edit]