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|1426 by topic|
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- March 6 – Battle of St. James (near Avranches): An English army under John, Duke of Bedford defeats the French under Arthur de Richemont, forcing the Duke of Brittany to recognize English suzerainty.
- June 16 – Hussite Wars – Battle of Usti nad Labem: The Hussites decisively beat the crusading armies, in the Fourth Anti-Hussite Crusade.
- July 7 – Battle of Chirokitia: King Janus of Cyprus is defeated and captured by the Mamluks, and brought to Egypt, where he is ransomed after ten months.
- "Castello Orsini-Odescalchi" is built in Bracciano, Italy by the Orsini Family.
- Eunuch-dominated secret police start to control the palace guards and imperial workshops, infiltrate the civil service, and head all foreign missions in China. 
- February 2 – Eleanor of Navarre, queen regnant of Navarre (d. 1479)
- February – Christian of Oldenburg, King of Denmark 1448–1481, of Norway 1450–1481 and of Sweden 1457–1464 (d. 1481)
- July 13 – Anne Neville, Countess of Warwick (d. 1492)
- September 19 – Maria of Cleves, French noble (d. 1487)
- November 30 – Johann IV Roth, Roman Catholic bishop (d. 1506)
- date unknown – John II, Duke of Bourbon (d. 1488)
- March / May – Thomas Hoccleve, English poet (b. c. 1368)
- November 24 – Elizabeth of Lancaster, Duchess of Exeter, English Plantagent noblewoman, daughter of John of Gaunt (b. c. 1363)
- December – Pippo Spano, Hungarian military leader (b. 1369)
- December 31 – Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, English nobleman and military leader (b. c. 1377)
- date unknown – Tezozomoc, Tepanec ruler of Azcapotzalco and military leader
- Gernet, Jacques. (translated by Foster, J. R. and Hartman, Charles) A History of Chinese Civilization. Cambridge University Press. 1996. p. 407.