142nd Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
|142nd Field Artillery Battalion|
|Branch||Colorado Army National Guard|
|Motto(s)||Knock Them Out|
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Organized 27 July 1885 in the Colorado National Guard as Company C, 1st Regiment Infantry (Greeley Guards).
- Mustered out 6 October 1888 at Greeley, Colorado
Reorganized 23 November 1895 at Greeley as Company D. 1st infantry Regiment.
- Mustered into Federal service 8 May 1898 at Camp Alva Adams, Denver, as Company D. 1st volunteer Infantry Regiment. (Home Guard Company D. 1st Infantry Regiment organized February 1899 at Greely)
Mustered out of Federal service 8 September 1899 at San Francisco, California and consolidated with Home Guard company D. 1st Infantry Regiment Colorado National guard.
- Disbanded 27 May 1915 at Greeley
Reorganized 16 September 1921 at Greeley as Headquarters Company, 177th Infantry Regiment.
- Redesignated 16 November 1921 as Headquarters Company 157th Infantry Regiment
Redesignated Headquarters Company (less antitank platoon), 157th Infantry Regiment and assigned to the 45th Infantry Division 1 September 1939
- Reorganized and redesignated 1 November 1939 as Company B. 157th Infantry Regiment inducted into Federal service 16 September 1940 at Greeley
Inactivated 22 November 1945 at Camp Bowie, Texas
- Relieved from the 45th division and redesignated Headquarters Company 2nd Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment 10 may 1946.
Converted, reorganized and redesignated Headquarters and Headquarters Battery 142nd Field Artillery Battalion, 1 August 1955 ; concurrently remainder of battalion organized from existing units as follows.
- Company K. 157th Infantry Regiment at Fort Morgan redesignated Battery A.
- Company L. 157th Infantry Regiment at Sterling redesignated Battery B.
- Company C. 157th Infantry Regiment at Brush redesignated Battery C.
- Company E. 157th Infantry Regiment at Greeley redesignated Service Battery.
Battalion broken up 1 February 1959 and elements reorganized or consolidated as follows.
- Headquarters and Headquarters Battery and Service Battery at Greeley consolidated, reorganized and redesignated Company A. 140th Signal Battalion
- Battery A. at Fort Morgan redesignated Service Battery 1st Howitzer Battalion 157th Field Artillery
- Batteries B, and C, at Sterling consolidated, reorganized and redesignated Battery B. 1st howitzer Battalion 157th Field Artillery
War with Spain
- Luzon 1899
World War II
- Sicily (with Arrowhead)
- Naples-Foggia (with Arrowhead)
- Rome Arno
- Southern France (with Arrowhead)
- Central Europe
French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, streamer embroidered Italy
unit broken up.
Coat of arms
Per fess embattled or and gules, in chief two wigwams of the second, garnished of the first and in base a sea lion brandishing a sword in dexter paw of the last
That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Colorado National guard
The shield is that of the coat of arms of the 157th Infantry with the colors reversed to indicate descent from that regiment. The colors scarlet and yellow are used for artillery. These colors are also the Spanish colors and with embattled partition line and the Philippine sea lion refer to the walled city of Manila in the Philippine Islands. The wigwams refer to Indian service in the frontier days.
- Field Artillery Branch (United States)
- U.S. Army Regimental System
- Coats of arms of U.S. Artillery Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Air Defense Artillery Regiments
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry website http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Heraldry/ArmyDUISSICOA/ArmyHeraldryUnit.aspx?u=220.
- Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman 
- Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).
-  lineage