142nd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
|142nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry|
|Active||August 1862 to May 29, 1865|
|Engagements||Battle of Fredericksburg|
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Five Forks
Battle of Petersburg
Battle of Five Forks
Battle of Appomattox Court House
|Robert P. Cummins|
Horatio N. Warren
|Robert P. Cummins|
The 142nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was a volunteer infantry regiment that fought in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment primarily served in the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater and was heavily engaged in the first day of fighting at Gettysburg.
The regiment was organized in August 1862, with Robert P. Cummins as colonel, Alfred B. McCalmont as lieutenant colonel, and John Bradley as major. It was sent to Washington, D.C., where it built fortifications. After a couple of weeks, it was sent to Frederick, Maryland, where it performed garrison duties.
In October, it became part of the 2nd Brigade of the Pennsylvania Reserves. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, the regiment formed part of the force which briefly pierced the Confederate right, losing 250 out of 550 men, including Major Bradley, who was mortally wounded. After the battle, the Reserves division was sent back to Washington, and the regiment was reassigned to the 1st Brigade, Third Division, I Corps.
At the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, the unit fought first on McPherson's Ridge and then on Seminary Ridge before being driven back to Cemetery Hill only after being outflanked by Confederate North Carolina divisions on its left and right flanks. Only 140 men had made it back to Union lines, and Colonel Cummins was mortally wounded. During the next two days, the 142nd was only lightly engaged. After the battle, the regiment became part of the 3rd Brigade, Fourth Division, V Corps.
In September 1864, Horatio N. Warren was promoted to colonel of the regiment. It fought throughout the Overland Campaign and the Siege of Petersburg, mostly against the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad. After the surrender at Appomattox Court House, the regiment participated in the Grand Review of the Armies in Washington and was mustered out on May 29, 1865.
- Total enrollment: 935
- Killed and died of wounds: 7 officers and 133 enlisted men
- Wounded: 21 officers and 409 enlisted men
- Died of disease, etc.: 81 enlisted men
- Captured and missing: 2 officers and 156 enlisted men
- Total loss: 809.
The casualty information presented above is as inscribed on the back of the 142nd's monument on the battlefield at Gettysburg National Military Park in Adams County, Pennsylvania. According to Fox's Regimental Losses, the 142nd PVI suffered the ninth highest percentage of combat fatalities in the entire Union army.
- George R. Snowden, commanded Company I as a captain. Later became a major general as commander of the Pennsylvania National Guard Division.
Company G Administrative Officers 2018
President - Rudy Mueller
Secretary/Treasurer - Mark Tramontina
Field Commander - Robert Conger
Another group, portraying Company F Archived 2015-08-15 at the Wayback Machine, is based in the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania area and is affiliated with the Federal Volunteer Brigade, 2nd Regiment. Company F boasts members in four states (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia) and in 2018 is celebrating 20 years of re-enacting.
Company F Administrative officers 2018:
President - Rich Keyes
Vice President - John Fraterrigo
Secretary/Treasurer - Brian Petcash
Civilian Coordinator - Hillary Keyes
Field Commander - Bryon Black
Newsletter Editor - Keith MacGregor
Company F publishes a monthly newsletter entitled The Yankee Informer Archived 2015-08-15 at the Wayback Machine. The newsletter is in its 20th year of publication.
- Horatio N. Warren, Two Reunions of the 142d Regiment, Pa. Vols., 1890, pages 7, 10-11, 48, 57, 80
- Pennsylvania in the Civil War
- Reenactors of Company G
- Reenactors of Company F Archived 2015-08-15 at the Wayback Machine
- The Yankee Informer Archived 2015-08-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Birney's Division - Division Level organization of Company F