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- January 9 – Pretrial investigations for Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France under English occupation.
- March 3 – Pope Eugene IV succeeds Pope Martin V, to become the 207th pope.
- March 26 – The trial of Joan of Arc begins.
- May 30 – Nineteen-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake.
- June 16 – the Teutonic Knights and Švitrigaila sign the Treaty of Christmemel, creating anti-Polish alliance
- September – Battle of Inverlochy: Donald Balloch defeats the Royalists.
- October 30 – Treaty of Medina del Campo, consolidating peace between Portugal and Castille.
- November 18 - A treaty in Suceava concludes an attack on Poland launched this year by Alexandru cel Bun during the Lithuanian Civil War.
- December 13 – Vlad, future Prince of Wallachia as Vlad II Dracul, is made a member of the Order of the Dragon. Because of this, his son Vlad III the Impaler would inspire the literary figure named Dracula.
- December 16 – Henry VI of England is crowned King of France.
- Alexander I Aldea takes the throne of Wallachia with support from Alexander I of Moldavia.
- The University of Poitiers is founded.
- The Ayutthaya Kingdom besieges Angkor and sack the Khmer capital, end of the Khmer Empire.
- Nezahualcoyotl is crowned Tlatoani of the Kingdom of Texcoco.
- Byzantine–Ottoman Wars – The Ottoman governor of Thessaly Turahan Bey breaks through the Hexamilion wall for the second time and ravages the Peloponnese peninsula.
- January 1 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
- October 26 – Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, Italian politician (d. 1505)
- November or December – Vlad III the Impaler, Prince of Wallachia (d. 1476)
- date unknown
- January 25 – Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
- February 20 – Pope Martin V (b. 1368)
- April 1 – Nuno Álvares Pereira, Portuguese general and religious figure
- April 5 – Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (b. 1364)
- May 30 – Joan of Arc, French soldier and saint (b. c. 1412)
- September 6 – Demetrios Laskaris Leontares, Byzantine soldier and statesman
- December 8 – Hedwig Jagiellon, Polish and Lithuanian princess (b. 1408)
- date unknown
- Babinger, Franz (1987). "Turakhān Beg". In Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor. E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, Volume VIII. Leiden: BRILL. pp. 876–878. ISBN 90-04-09794-5.