From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1438.
|This article does not cite any sources. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1400s 1410s 1420s – 1430s – 1440s 1450s 1460s|
|Years:||1435 1436 1437 – 1438 – 1439 1440 1441|
|1438 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1438 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2191|
|English Regnal year||16 Hen. 6 – 17 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4134 or 4074
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4135 or 4075
|- Vikram Samvat||1494–1495|
|- Shaka Samvat||1360–1361|
|- Kali Yuga||4539–4540|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 10
|Minguo calendar||474 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1980–1981|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1438.|
- January 1 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary.
- March 18 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany.
- July 7 – Charles VII of France issues the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, giving the French church control over the appointment of bishops and depriving the Pope of French ecclesiastical revenues.
- September 13 – Afonso V becomes King of Portugal.
- October – Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway, loses direct control of Sweden as Karl Knutsson Bonde is elected Regent of Sweden.
- Council of Florence is moved to Ferrara.
- Pachacuti (who will later create Tahuantinsuyu, or the Inca Empire) becomes the ruler of Cuzco.
- In Italy, the siege of Brescia by the condottieri troops of Niccolò Piccinino is raised after the arrival of Scaramuccia da Forlì.
- Just two years before the Ming Dynasty court of China allowed landowners paying the grain tax to pay their tax in silver instead, the Ming court now decides to close all silver mines and to ban all private silver mining in Zhejiang and Fujian provinces. This is a concerted effort to halt the increase of silver circulating into the market. Illegally mining silver is now an offense punishable by death; although illegal mining became a dangerous affair, the high demand for illegal mining also made it very lucrative, and so many chose to defy the government and continued to mine silver.
- All Souls College, University of Oxford is founded.
- February 5
- February 12 – Adolf, Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen (1465–1471) (d. 1477)
- March 23 – Ludovico II, Marquess of Saluzzo, Italian noble (d. 1504)
- April 3 – John III of Egmont, Dutch noble (d. 1516)
- September 7 – Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (1458–1471) (d. 1471)
- December 1 – Peter II, Duke of Bourbon, son of Charles I (d. 1503)
- date unknown – Husayn Bayqarah, Timurid ruler of Herat (d. 1506)
- probable – Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English nobleman and military commander during the Wars of the Roses (d. 1471)
- April 24 – Humphrey FitzAlan, 15th Earl of Arundel (b. 1429)
- September 13 – King Edward of Portugal (b. 1391)
- October 16 – Anne of Gloucester, English noblewoman (b. 1383)
- October 20 – Jacopo della Quercia, Sienese sculptor (b. c. 1374)