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|1438 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1438 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2191|
|Balinese saka calendar||1359–1360|
|English Regnal year||16 Hen. 6 – 17 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)|
4134 or 4074
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4135 or 4075
|- Vikram Samvat||1494–1495|
|- Shaka Samvat||1359–1360|
|- Kali Yuga||4538–4539|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyō 10|
|Minguo calendar||474 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1980–1981|
1564 or 1183 or 411
— to —
1565 or 1184 or 412
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1438.|
- January 1 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary.
- January 9 – The city of Cluj (Kolozsvár) is conquered, thus marking the end of the Transylvanian peasant revolt, which started at Bobâlna.
- February 2 – The Unio Trium Nationum pact is established in Transylvania.
- March 18 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany.
- July 7 – Charles VII of France issues the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, giving the French church control over the appointment of bishops, and depriving the Pope of French ecclesiastical revenues.
- September 13 – Afonso V becomes King of Portugal.
- October – Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway, loses direct control of Sweden, as Karl Knutsson Bonde is elected Regent of Sweden.
- The Council of Florence is moved to Ferrara.
- Pachacuti (who will later create Tahuantinsuyu, or the Inca Empire) becomes the ruler of Cuzco.
- In Italy, the siege of Brescia by the condottieri troops of Niccolò Piccinino is raised, after the arrival of Scaramuccia da Forlì.
- Just two years after the Ming Dynasty court of China allowed landowners paying the grain tax to pay their tax in silver instead, the Ming court now decides to close all silver mines, and to ban all private silver mining in Zhejiang and Fujian provinces. This is a concerted effort to halt the increase of silver circulating into the market. Illegally mining silver is now an offense punishable by death; although illegal mining becomes a dangerous affair, the high demand for illegal mining also makes it very lucrative, and so many chose to defy the government and continue to mine silver.
- All Souls College, University of Oxford is founded.
- February 5
- February 12 – Adolf, Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen (1465–1471) (d. 1477)
- March 23 – Ludovico II, Marquess of Saluzzo, Italian noble (d. 1504)
- April 3 – John III of Egmont, Dutch noble (d. 1516)
- September 7 – Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (1458–1471) (d. 1471)
- December 1 – Peter II, Duke of Bourbon, son of Charles I (d. 1503)
- date unknown – Husayn Bayqarah, Timurid ruler of Herat (d. 1506)
- probable – Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English nobleman and military commander during the Wars of the Roses (d. 1471)
- April 24 – Humphrey FitzAlan, 15th Earl of Arundel (b. 1429)
- September 9 – Edward, King of Portugal (b. 1391)
- October 16 – Anne of Gloucester, English noblewoman (b. 1383)
- October 20 – Jacopo della Quercia, Sienese sculptor (b. c. 1374)