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|1441 by topic|
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|Architecture - Art|
|Political entities - State leaders - Religious leaders|
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|Births – Deaths|
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|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1441 in poetry|
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- February – The Republic of Venice annexes the seigniory of Ravenna, ending the Da Polenta Dynasty.
- February 12 – King's College, Cambridge, is founded by King Henry VI of England.
- March 1 – Battle of Samobor: Army of Ulrich II of Celje defeats the army of Stjepan Banić at Samobor, Kingdom of Croatia in personal union with Hungary.
- November 10 – Alfonso V of Aragon lays siege to Naples.
- Ouagadougou becomes the capital of the Mossi Kingdoms.
- Two Ethiopians attend an ecclesiastical council at Florence, as part of the negotiations concerning a possible union of Coptic Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christianity. This is the earliest recorded contact of the Ethiopian Church with Europe.
- A revolt occurs in the Yucatán capital Mayapan; the Maya civilization splits into warring city-states.
- With the help of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, governor Haci Giray declares his province independent of the Golden Horde, and establishes the Crimean Khanate.
- Nuno Tristão reaches the Cabo Branco in the western coast of Africa. This is probably the first voyage where a caravel is used for maritime exploration.
- The first black African slaves are brought to Europe, at Lagos in Portugal.
- February 9 – Ali-Shir Nava'i, Central Asian poet, politician and writer (d. 1501)
- March 24 – Ernest, Elector of Saxony, German ruler of Saxony (d. 1486)
- June 25 – Federico I Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua (1478–1484) (d. 1484)
- June 27 – John III of Nassau-Weilburg, German nobleman (d. 1480)
- July 23 – Danjong of Joseon, King of Joseon (d. 1457)
- November 11 – Charlotte of Savoy, French queen (d. 1483)
- March 8 – Margaret of Burgundy, Duchess of Bavaria
- April 1 – Blanche I of Navarre, Queen of Navarre (1425-1441) and Regent of Sicily (1404-1405 and 1408-1415)
- June 14 – Corrado IV Trinci, former lord of Foligno
- July 9 – Jan van Eyck, Dutch painter
- July 12 – Kyōgoku Takakazu, Japanese noble and vassal of Ashikaga Yoshinori
- July 12 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
- September 25 – Akamatsu Mitsusuke, Japanese samurai
- October 24 – Adolf, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1434)
- October 27 – Margery Jourdemayne, Englishwoman executed for treasonable witchcraft
- November 18 – Roger Bolingbroke, English cleric, astronomer, astrologer, magister and alleged necromancer
- December 26 – Niccolò III d'Este, Marquis of Ferrara (b. 1383)