144th Field Artillery Battalion (United States)
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|144th Field Artillery Battalion|
Coat of arms
|Branch||Colorado Army National Guard|
|Motto(s)||Eager for duty|
Technically, the battalion was only the 144th Artillery from 1955 to 1959 (in the post-Korean-war era), finally being standardized into the 157th Field artillery.
Constituted 8 February 1879 in the Colorado National Guard as the 1st Infantry Battalion.
- Organized 29 December 1881 With Headquarters in Denver
Expanded and redesignated 22 March 1883 as the 1st Regiment Infantry
- Reduced and redesignated 2 April 1889 as the 1st Infantry Battalion
Expanded and redesignated 15 April 1893 as the 1st Infantry Regiment. (NOTE; not to be confused with the regular army 1st Infantry Regiment (United States))
- Consolidated with the 2nd Infantry Regiment (organized 27 May 1887) and mustered into Federal service 1–8 May 1898 at Denver as the 1st Colorado Volunteer Infantry
Mustered out of Federal Service 8 September 1899 at San Francisco, CA. and reverted to state status as the 1st Infantry Regiment.
- Expanded in 1900 as the 1st and 2nd Infantry.
1st and 2nd Infantry consolidated 15 June 1916 and designated as the 1st Infantry.
- Two battalions mustered into federal service 26 June to 29 July 1916 for service on the Mexican border as the 1st and 2nd separate battalions Colorado Infantry.
Entire Regiment drafted into federal service 5 August 1917
- Reorganized and redesignated 24 September 1917 as the 157th Infantry, an element of the 40th Division.
Consolidated 13 October 1917 with the 1st Colorado Cavalry (organized in 1880) and consolidated unit designated as the 157th Infantry. Demobilized 29 April 1919 at Fort D.A. Russell (Wyoming)
- Former Infantry elements reorganized and redesignated 28 February 1921 in the Colorado National Guard as the 177th Infantry; 1st Battalion organized and federally recognized 26 October 1921 with headquarters at Lamar.
- Redesignated 16 November 1921 as the 157th Infantry and assigned to the 45th Infantry Division.
Inducted into Federal service 16 September 1940; 1st battalion at Lamar.
- Inactivated 3 December 1945 at Camp Bowie, Texas
1st Battalion reorganized and federally recognized 1 March 1947 with headquarters at Grand Junction.
- Reorganized and redesignated 1 August 1955 as the 144th Field Artillery Battalion consolidated with 157th Field Artillery, 1 February 1959
War with Spain
- Luzon 1899
World War I Streamer without inscription World War II
- Sicily (with Arrowhead)
- Naples-Foggia (with Arrowhead)
- Rome Arno
- Southern France (with Arrowhead)
- Central Europe
French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, streamer embroidered Italy
unit changed to 157th field artillery
Coat of arms
same as the 157th Field artillery.
- Division insignia of the United States Army
- United States Army branch insignia
- List of armored and cavalry regiments of the United States Army
- Field Artillery Branch (United States)
- U.S. Army Regimental System
- Coats of arms of U.S. Air Defense Artillery Regiments
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry website http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Heraldry/ArmyDUISSICOA/ArmyHeraldryUnit.aspx?u=220.
- Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman 
- Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).
-  lineage