The 144th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment in the Imperial Japanese Army. The regiment was attached to the 55th Division. The regiment participated in the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II, fighting in the Pacific during a number of battles including those at Guam, Rabaul, and Salamaua. It also participated in the invasion of Buna-Gona, the Kokoda Track campaign and the battle of Buna–Gona.
After being withdrawn to Rabaul, the regiment was transported to Burma to rejoin the 55th Division.
- 1st Battalion
- 2nd Battalion
- 3rd Battalion
- Lieutenant Colonel Masao Kusunose (????–1942; suicided in 1946)
- Colonel Yamamoto (1942–1943; killed in action) †
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