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|1459 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1459 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2212|
|Balinese saka calendar||1380–1381|
|English Regnal year||37 Hen. 6 – 38 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)|
4155 or 4095
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4156 or 4096
|- Vikram Samvat||1515–1516|
|- Shaka Samvat||1380–1381|
|- Kali Yuga||4559–4560|
|Japanese calendar||Chōroku 3|
|Minguo calendar||453 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2001–2002|
1585 or 1204 or 432
— to —
1586 or 1205 or 433
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1459.|
- September 23 – Wars of the Roses – Battle of Blore Heath in England: Yorkists under Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury defeat a Lancastrian force.
- October 12 – Wars of the Roses: Due to the advance of a royal force on his fortress of Ludlow, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, flees to Ireland, while his ally Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick eldest son of above [Warwick the Kingmaker], goes to Calais.
- The Wallachian town of Bucharest is first mentioned.
- The city of Jodhpur, in western India, is founded by Rao Jodha of Marwar.
- Richard, Duke of York, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, returns on a second visit to Ireland. The Irish Parliament, meeting at Drogheda, upholds his authority against Henry VI, and an English Act of Attainder.
- Richard Hygons, English composer, begins fifty years service at [Wells Cathedral].
- King Stephen Thomas of Bosnia forces the clergy of the Bosnian Church into exile.
- According to a legend, the wedding of Christian Rosenkreuz takes place.
- January 25 – Paul Hofhaimer, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1537)
- March 2 – Pope Adrian VI (d. 1523)
- March 6 – Jakob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
- March 22 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1519)
- May 15 – John I, Count Palatine of Simmern (1480–1509) (d. 1509)
- July 11 – Kaspar, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, German nobleman (d. 1527)
- October 6 – Martin Behaim, German explorer and cartographer (d. 1507)
- November 30 – Mingyi Nyo, founder of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) (d. 1530)
- December 22 – Sultan Cem, pretender to the Ottoman throne (d. 1495)
- December 27 – King John I Albert of Poland (d. 1501)
- date unknown – Edward Poynings, Lord Deputy to King Henry VII of England (d. 1521)
- probable – Lorenzo di Credi, Florentine painter and sculptor (d. 1537)
- date unknown – Jheronimus de Clibano, Dutch composer (d. 1503)
- date unknown – Jean Mouton, French composer (d. 1522)
- February 14 – Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken (b. 1385)
- March 3 – Ausiàs March, Catalan poet (b. 1397)
- May 2 – Antoninus of Florence, Italian archbishop (b. 1389)
- August 27 – James of Portugal, Portuguese cardinal (b. 1433)
- September 6 – Katharina of Nassau-Beilstein, German regent
- September 17 – Isabella of Urgell, Duchess of Coimbra, Portuguese Duchess (b. 1409)
- September 23 (killed at the Battle of Blore Heath):
- September 24 – Eric of Pomerania, King of Norway, Denmark and Sweden (b. 1382)
- October 30 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (b. 1380)
- November 5 – John Fastolf, English soldier
- December 4 – Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)
- The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Foster, RF. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 1989