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This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2017)
|1459 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1459 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2212|
|Balinese saka calendar||1380–1381|
|English Regnal year||37 Hen. 6 – 38 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)|
4155 or 4095
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4156 or 4096
|- Vikram Samvat||1515–1516|
|- Shaka Samvat||1380–1381|
|- Kali Yuga||4559–4560|
|Japanese calendar||Chōroku 3|
|Minguo calendar||453 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2001–2002|
1585 or 1204 or 432
— to —
1586 or 1205 or 433
- January 18 – The Order of Our Lady of Bethlehem is founded by Pope Pius II, to defend the island of Lemnos.
- September 23 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Blore Heath in England – Yorkists under Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, defeat a Lancastrian force.
- October 12 – Wars of the Roses: With a royal force advancing on his fortress at Ludlow, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, flees to Ireland, while his ally Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (Warwick the Kingmaker, eldest son of the Earl of Salisbury) goes to Calais.
- The Wallachian town of Bucharest is first mentioned.
- The city of Jodhpur, in western India, is founded by Rao Jodha of Marwar.
- Richard, Duke of York, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, returns on a second visit to Ireland. The Irish Parliament, meeting at Drogheda, upholds his authority against Henry VI, and an English Act of Attainder.
- Richard Hygons, English composer, begins fifty years of service at Wells Cathedral.
- King Stephen Thomas of Bosnia forces the clergy of the Bosnian Church into exile.
- According to a legend, the wedding of Christian Rosenkreuz takes place.
- January 25 – Paul Hofhaimer, Austrian organist and composer (d. 1537)
- March 2 – Pope Adrian VI (d. 1523)
- March 6 – Jakob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
- March 22 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1519)
- May 15 – John I, Count Palatine of Simmern (1480–1509) (d. 1509)
- July – Mingyi Nyo, founder of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) (d. 1530)
- July 11 – Kaspar, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, German nobleman (d. 1527)
- October 6 – Martin Behaim, German explorer and cartographer (d. 1507)
- December 22 – Sultan Cem, pretender to the Ottoman throne (d. 1495)
- December 27 – King John I Albert of Poland (d. 1501)
- date unknown – Edward Poynings, Lord Deputy to King Henry VII of England (d. 1521)
- probable – Lorenzo di Credi, Florentine painter and sculptor (d. 1537)
- date unknown – Jheronimus de Clibano, Dutch composer (d. 1503)
- date unknown – Jean Mouton, French composer (d. 1522)
- February 14 – Stephen, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken (b. 1385)
- March 3 – Ausiàs March, Catalan poet from Valencia (b. 1397)
- May 2 – Antoninus of Florence, Italian archbishop (b. 1389)
- August 27 – James of Portugal, Portuguese cardinal (b. 1433)
- September 6 – Katharina of Nassau-Beilstein, German regent
- September 17 – Isabella of Urgell, Duchess of Coimbra, Portuguese Duchess (b. 1409)
- September 23 (killed at the Battle of Blore Heath):
- September 24 – Eric of Pomerania, King of Norway, Denmark and Sweden (b. 1382)
- October 30 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (b. 1380)
- November 5 – John Fastolf, English soldier
- December 4 – Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)
- John Sadler (January 14, 2014). The Red Rose and the White: The Wars of the Roses, 1453-1487. Taylor & Francis. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-317-90517-2.
- Sonnenburg, Stephan; Baker, Laura (February 26, 2013). Branded Spaces: Experience Enactments and Entanglements. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 236. ISBN 978-3-658-01561-9.
- The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Foster, RF. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 1989
- "Adrian VI | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- "Maximilian I | Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- James Gairdner (1895). The Paston letters, 1422-1509 A.D.: A new ed. containing upwards of four hundred letters, etc., hitherto unpublished. A. Constable. p. 444.