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This article is about the year 1478.
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|Centuries:||14th century – 15th century – 16th century|
|Decades:||1440s 1450s 1460s – 1470s – 1480s 1490s 1500s|
|Years:||1475 1476 1477 – 1478 – 1479 1480 1481|
|1478 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Architecture - Art|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1478 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2231|
|English Regnal year||17 Edw. 4 – 18 Edw. 4|
|Chinese calendar||丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
4174 or 4114
— to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4175 or 4115
|- Vikram Samvat||1534–1535|
|- Shaka Samvat||1399–1400|
|- Kali Yuga||4578–4579|
|Japanese calendar||Bunmei 10
|Minguo calendar||434 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2020–2021|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1478.|
- January 14 – Novgorod surrenders to Ivan III, Grand Prince of Moscow.
- January 15 – Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, aged four, is married to five-year-old Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk.
- February 18 – George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London.
- April 26 – The Pazzi family attack Lorenzo de' Medici, and kill his brother Giuliano, during High Mass in Florence Cathedral.
- May 14 – Siege of Shkodra begins.
- November – Eskender succeeds his father Baeda Maryam as Emperor of Ethiopia at the age of six.
- November 1 – Start of the Spanish Inquisition
- December 28 – Battle of Giornico: Swiss troops defeat the Milanese.
- Lorenzo de' Medici becomes sole ruler of Florence.
- The Fourth Siege of Krujë by the Ottoman Empire of Krujë in Albania concludes and results in the town's capture after the failure of three prior sieges.
- Vladislav II of Bohemia makes peace with Hungary.
- Possibly the first reference to cricket, in "criquet", as discovered in France by Rowland Bowen in the 20th century. It has been dismissed by some (most notably John Major) and presaged with Edward II's "Creag" (1300) by others.
- First printing (in Padua) of Mondino de Liuzzi's Anathomia corporis humani, the first complete published anatomical text.
- February 3 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (d. 1521)
- February 7 – Thomas More, English statesman and humanist (d. 1535)
- March 12 – Giuliano di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1516)
- May 26 – Pope Clement VII (d. 1534)
- June 30 – John, Prince of Asturias, Son of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile (d. 1497)
- July 2 – Louis V, Elector Palatine (1508–1544) (d. 1544)
- July 8 – Gian Giorgio Trissino (d. 1550)
- July 13 – Giulio d'Este, illegitimate son of Italian noble (d. 1561)
- July 15 – Barbara Jagiellon, Duchess consort of Saxony and Margravine consort of Meissen (1500–1534) (d. 1534)
- July 22 – King Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
- August – Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Spanish historian (d. 1557)
- December 6 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian courtier and writer (d. 1529)
- date unknown
- probable – Thomas Ashwell, English composer
- February 18 – George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (executed) (b. 1449)
- April 26 – Giuliano de' Medici, son of Piero di Cosimo de' Medici (assassinated) (b. 1453)
- June 12 – Ludovico III Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua (b. 1412)
- August 28 – Donato Acciaioli, Italian scholar (b. 1428)
- November 8 – Emperor Baeda Maryam I of Ethiopia (b. 1448)