52nd Mountainous Motorized Infantry Brigade(People's Republic of China)
|149th Division (1949-60)
149th Army Division (1960-69)
52nd Army Division (1969-1985)
52nd Mountainous Motorized Infantry Brigade (1985-)
|Active||1949.1 - Present|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Branch||People's Liberation Army, People's Volunteer Army|
|Part of||Tibet Military District|
|Garrison/HQ||Shigatse, Tibet since 1969|
|Engagements||Chinese Civil War, Korean War|
The 149th Division, then 52nd Army Division and 52nd Mountainous Motorized Infantry Brigade is an infantry formation of the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China. It's now a mountainous unit facing India.
The 149th division was formed in January 1949 under the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on November 1, 1948, basing on 21st Temporary Division, 60th Corps of the Republic of China Army defected during Liaoshen Campaign. Under the flag of 149th it took part in the further battles of the Chinese civil war.
From 1950 it became part of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men. It was a component of the 50th Corps, consisting of the 445th, 446th, and 447th Regiments.
During the Fourth Campaign of Korean War, the division, with the Corps, persisted on the battlefields along the Han River near Seoul for 50 days and made a lot of losses on the United Nations. In March 1951 it pulled out from Korea for R&R. By July the division entered Korea for the second time.
In April 1955 the 148th Division pulled out from Korea and stationed in Shenyang Military District.
In 1960 it renamed as 149th Army Division(lang-zh:陆军第149师).
In May 1967 the division moved to Sichuan province with the Corps HQ, converting to a "southern" unit.
From September 28th 1975 the division maintained as a Catalogue B Division. From August 16th 1978 the division maintained as a Catalogue A Division. In September 1985 the division was reduced and re-organized as 52nd Mountainous Motorized Infantry Brigade, as a Motorized Infantry Brigade of High Altitude.