Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||23h 31m 17.41s|
|Declination||+39° 14′ 10.3″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||5.22|
|Spectral type||K0 III|
|U−B color index||0.87|
|B−V color index||1.02|
|Variable type||Suspected|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||-58.8 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: 286.72 ± 0.23 mas/yr
Dec.: -84.22 ± 0.17 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||12.63 ± 0.27 mas|
|Distance||258 ± 6 ly
(79 ± 2 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||6.24|
14 Andromedae (abbreviated 14 And), also named Veritate, is an orange giant star of spectral type K0III situated approximately 258 light-years away in the constellation of Andromeda. As of 2008, an extrasolar planet (designated 14 Andromedae b, later named Spe) is thought to be orbiting the star.
14 Andromedae is the star's Flamsteed designation. Following its discovery the planet was designated 14 Andromedae b.
In July 2014 the International Astronomical Union launched a process for giving proper names to certain exoplanets and their host stars. The process involved public nomination and voting for the new names. In December 2015, the IAU announced the winning names were Veritate for this star and Spe for its planet.
The winning names were based on those submitted by the Thunder Bay Centre of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada); namely 'Veritas' and 'Spes', Latin for 'truth' and 'hope', respectively. (Veritas was also the Roman goddess of truth and Spes was the Roman goddess of hope.) The IAU substituted the ablative forms 'Veritate' and 'Spe', which mean 'where there is truth' and 'where there is hope', respectively. This was because 'Veritas' is the name of an asteroid important for the study of the solar system.
In 2016, the IAU organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. In its first bulletin of July 2016, the WGSN explicitly recognized the names of exoplanets and their host stars approved by the Executive Committee Working Group Public Naming of Planets and Planetary Satellites, including the names of stars adopted during the 2015 NameExoWorlds campaign. This star is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names.
In 2008, a planet was announced to be orbiting the star. The planet was found to have a minimum mass of 4.8 Jupiter masses and orbiting in a circular orbit that takes 186 days to complete. The planet is one of the few known planets to be orbiting an evolved intermediate-mass star and one of the innermost (such planets have only been discovered in clump giants).
(in order from star)
|b (Spe)||5.33 ± 0.57 MJ||0.83||185.84 ± 0.23||0||—||—|
- van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.Vizier catalog entry
- Sato, Bun'ei; et al. (2008). "Planetary Companions to Evolved Intermediate-Mass Stars: 14 Andromedae, 81 Ceti, 6 Lyncis, and HD167042". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 60 (6): 1317–1326. arXiv:. Bibcode:2008PASJ...60.1317S. doi:10.1093/pasj/60.6.1317.
- "IAU Catalog of Star Names". Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- NameExoWorlds: An IAU Worldwide Contest to Name Exoplanets and their Host Stars. IAU.org. 9 July 2014
- NameExoWorlds The Process
- Final Results of NameExoWorlds Public Vote Released, International Astronomical Union, 15 December 2015.
- Thunder Bay Amateur Astronomers Name a Planet
- NameExoWorlds The Approved Names
- "IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)". Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names, No. 1" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- Ligi, R.; et al. (2012). "A new interferometric study of four exoplanet host stars : θ Cygni, 14 Andromedae, υ Andromedae and 42 Draconis". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 545. A5. arXiv:. Bibcode:2012A&A...545A...5L. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219467.
- Jean Schneider (2011). "Notes for star 14 And". Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
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