14th Academy Awards
|14th Academy Awards|
|Date||February 26, 1942|
|Site||Biltmore Bowl, Biltmore Hotel, Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Hosted by||Bob Hope|
|Best Picture||How Green Was My Valley|
|Most awards||How Green Was My Valley (5)|
|Most nominations||Sergeant York (11)|
The 14th Academy Awards honored American film achievements in 1941 and was held in the Biltmore Bowl at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California. The ceremony is now considered notable, in retrospect, as the year in which Citizen Kane failed to win Best Picture, which instead was awarded to John Ford's How Green Was My Valley. Ford won his third award for Best Director, becoming the second to accomplish three wins in that category, and the first to win in consecutive years (having won for The Grapes of Wrath the previous year).
Most public attention was focused on the Best Actress race between sibling rivals Joan Fontaine in Alfred Hitchcock’s Suspicion and Olivia de Havilland for Hold Back the Dawn. Fontaine’s victory was the only time a performer won for a role in a Hitchcock film.
This was also the first year in which documentaries were included. The first Oscar for a documentary was awarded to Churchill's Island.
The Little Foxes established a new high of nine nominations without winning a single Oscar. Its mark was matched by Peyton Place in 1957, and exceeded by The Turning Point and The Color Purple, both of which received 11 nominations without a win. Citizen Kane, often later designated as the greatest film ever made in a number of polls, was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but won only one, for Best Original Screenplay.
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
Academy Honorary Award
- Rey Scott for Kukan
- The British Ministry of Information for Target for Tonight
- Leopold Stokowski for Fantasia
- Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company for Fantasia
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3.
- "The 14th Academy Awards (1942) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-13.