14th Antisubmarine Squadron
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|14th Antisubmarine Squadron|
|Branch||United States Army Air Forces|
|Part of||Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command|
|Engagements||American Theater of World War II|
|Emblem of the 14th Anti-Submarine Squadron|
The 14th Antisubmarine Squadron is a disbanded United States Army Air Forces unit, which patrolled the East Coast of the United States for enemy submarines during World War II. Its last assignment was with Second Air Force at Biggs Field, Texas. It was disbanded on 5 November 1943.
The squadron was established in October 1942 as the 519th Bombardment Squadron, a heavy bombardment squadron that was one of the four squadrons assigned to the 377th Bombardment Group. The following month the squadron's name was changed to the 14th Antisubmarine Squadron reflecting its mission to patrol the coastline and offshore waters for enemy submarines. The squadron was initially equipped with light observation aircraft. Before the end of the year it was assigned North American B-25 Mitchells. At the end of the year, the 377th Group was inactivated and the squadron was assigned directly to the 25th Antisubmarine Wing, which was responsible for anti-submarine operations off the Atlantic coast of the United States.
The following year the unit received some Lockheed B-34 Ventura medium bombers and Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bombers. The squadron deployed in 1943 to patrol the Mid-Atlantic from Langley Field. In September 1943 the anti-submarine mission was taken over by United States Navy patrol aircraft and the squadron moved to Texas where it was reassigned to Second Air Force, which disbanded it and used its personnel as cadres for new heavy bomber units.
- Constituted as 519th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 13 October 1942
- Activated on 18 October 1942.
- Redesignated 14th Anti-Submarine Squadron (Heavy) on 29 November 1942
- Disbanded on 4 November 1943.
- 377th Bombardment Group, 18 October 1942.
- 25th Antisubmarine Wing, 9 December 1942.
- Second Air Force, 7 October 1943 - 2 November 1943.
- Hyannis Naval Auxiliary Air Facility, Massachusetts, 18 October 1942.
- Otis Field, Massachusetts, 6 November 1942 (deployed to Langley Field, Virginia, 19 July 1943 - 10 August 1943)
- Biggs Field, Texas, 7 October-4 November 1943.
- North American O-47, 1942
- Curtiss O-52 Owl, 1942
- North American B-25 Mitchell, 1942–1943
- Lockheed B-34 Ventura, 1943
- Consolidated B-24 Liberator, 1943
|American Theater of World War II||October 1942 - August 1943|||
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 75–76. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 265–266. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 388-389
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.* Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.