14th Army (Wehrmacht)
|Active||1 August 1939 - 13 October 1939
5 November 1943 – 2 May 1945
The army was reactivated for the defence of Italy in 1943 when its headquarters was created using the headquarters personnel of Army Group B which had been abolished when Albert Kesselring was given command of all Axis troops in Italy. 14th Army was initially responsible for the defence of Rome and dealing with any amphibious landings the Allies might make to the rear of 10th Army, which was fighting on the defensive lines south of Rome.
The 14th Army faced the Allied amphibious landings at Anzio in January 1944 and after the Allied breakthrough in May 1944 took part in the fighting retreat to the Gothic Line. The German armies in Italy surrendered on 2 May 1945 after being defeated during the Allies' Spring offensive.
- General (generaloberst) Wilhelm List (August 1, 1939 - October 13, 1939)
- General Eberhard von Mackensen (November 5, 1943 - June 4, 1944)
- General of Armoured Troops (general der panzertruppe) Joachim Lemelsen (June 5, 1944 - October, 15 1944)
- General of Armoured Troops Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin (October, 15 1944 - October, 24 1944)
- General of Artillery (general der artillerie) Heinz Ziegler (October, 24 1944 - November, 22 1944)
- General of Armoured Troops Traugott Herr (November, 24 1944 - December, 16 1944)
- General of Infantry (general der infanterie) Kurt von Tippelskirch (December, 16 1944 - February, 17 1945)
- General of Armoured Troops Joachim Lemelsen (February, 17 1945 - May, 2 1945)