14th Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 14th Canadian Parliament
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Prime Minister during the 14th Canadian Parliament.

The 14th Canadian Parliament was in session from 8 March 1922 until 5 September 1925. The membership was set by the 1921 federal election on 6 December 1921, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until, due to momentary confusion among the MPs, it lost a money vote and was dissolved, causing the 1925 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party government under Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the 12th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Conservative Party, led by Arthur Meighen, although the new Progressive Party led by Thomas Crerar had more seats. The appearance of the Progressive Party created a three-party system in the House for the first time since the 1867 Anti-Confederation Party.

The Speaker was Rodolphe Lemieux. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1914-1924 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were four sessions of the 14th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st 8 March 1922 28 June 1922
2nd 31 January 1923 30 June 1923
3rd 28 February 1924 19 July 1924
4th 5 February 1925 27 June 1925

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the fourteenth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Battle River Henry Elvins Spencer Progressive
Bow River Edward Joseph Garland Progressive
Calgary West Joseph Tweed Shaw Labour
East Calgary William Irvine Labour
Edmonton East Donald Ferdinand Kellner Progressive
Edmonton West Donald MacBeth Kennedy Progressive
Lethbridge Lincoln Henry Jelliff Progressive
Macleod George Gibson Coote Progressive
Medicine Hat Robert Gardiner Progressive
Red Deer Alfred Speakman United Farmers of Alberta
Strathcona Daniel Webster Warner Progressive
Victoria William Thomas Lucas United Farmers of Alberta

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Burrard John Arthur Clark Conservative
Cariboo Thomas George McBride Progressive
Comox—Alberni Alan Webster Neill Progressive
Fraser Valley Elgin Albert Munro Liberal
Kootenay East Robert Ethelbert Beattie (until 8 February 1922 appointment) Liberal
James Horace King (by-election of 14 March 1922) Liberal
Kootenay West Levi William Humphrey Progressive
Nanaimo Charles Herbert Dickie Conservative
New Westminster William Garland McQuarrie Conservative
Skeena Alfred Stork Liberal
Vancouver Centre Henry Herbert Stevens Conservative
Vancouver South Leon Johnson Ladner Conservative
Victoria City Simon Fraser Tolmie Conservative
Yale John Armstrong Mackelvie (died 6 April 1924) Conservative
Grote Stirling (by-election of 6 November 1924) Conservative

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon Robert Forke Progressive
Dauphin William John Ward Progressive
Lisgar John Livingstone Brown Progressive
Macdonald William James Lovie Progressive
Marquette Thomas Crerar Progressive
Neepawa Robert Milne Progressive
Nelson Thomas William Bird Progressive
Portage la Prairie Harry Leader Progressive
Provencher Arthur-Lucien Beaubien Liberal
Selkirk Leland Payson Bancroft Progressive
Souris James Steedsman Progressive
Springfield Robert Alexander Hoey Progressive
Winnipeg Centre James Shaver Woodsworth Labour
Winnipeg North Edward James McMurray (until emoulment appointment) Liberal
Edward James McMurray (by-election of 24 October 1923) Liberal
Winnipeg South Albert Hudson Liberal

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Robert Watson Grimmer Conservative
Gloucester Onésiphore Turgeon (until 26 October 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Jean George Robichaud (by-election of 20 November 1922) Liberal
Kent Auguste Théophile Léger Liberal
Alexandre Joseph Doucet (by-election of 20 December 1923) Conservative
Northumberland John Morrissy (died 31 July 1924) Liberal
William Bunting Snowball (by-election of 7 October 1924) Liberal
Restigouche—Madawaska Pius Michaud Liberal
Royal George Burpee Jones Conservative
St. John—Albert* John Babington Macaulay Baxter Conservative
Murray Maclaren Conservative
Victoria—Carleton Thomas Wakem Caldwell Progressive
Westmorland Arthur Bliss Copp (until appointed Secretary of State) Liberal
Arthur Bliss Copp (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
York—Sunbury Richard Hanson Conservative

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough Colin Francis McIsaac Liberal
Cape Breton South and Richmond* William F. Carroll Liberal
George William Kyte Liberal
Colchester Harold Putnam Liberal
Cumberland Hance James Logan Liberal
Digby and Annapolis Lewis Johnstone Lovett Liberal
Halifax* Edward Blackadder (died 22 October 1922) Liberal
Alexander Kenneth Maclean (until 2 November 1923 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Robert Emmett Finn (by-election of 4 December 1922, replaces Blackadder) Liberal
William Anderson Black (by-election of 5 December 1923, replaces Maclean) Conservative
Hants Lewis Herbert Martell Liberal
Inverness Alexander William Chisholm Liberal
Kings Ernest William Robinson Liberal
Lunenburg William Duff Liberal
North Cape Breton and Victoria Daniel Duncan McKenzie (until 29 December 1921 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Daniel Duncan McKenzie (by-election of 19 January 1922, until 11 April 1923 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Fenwick Lionel Kelly (by-election of 31 January 1923) Liberal
Pictou Edward Mortimer Macdonald (until 15 August 1923 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Edward Mortimer Macdonald (by-election of 6 September 1923) Liberal
Shelburne and Queen's William Stevens Fielding (until 29 December 1921 emoulment appointment) Liberal
William Stevens Fielding (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Yarmouth and Clare Paul Lacombe Hatfield Liberal

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East John Carruthers Liberal
Algoma West Thomas Edward Simpson Conservative
Brantford William Gawtress Raymond Liberal
Brant William Charles Good Independent Progressive
Bruce North James Malcolm Liberal
Bruce South John Walter Findlay Progressive
Carleton William Foster Garland Conservative
Dufferin Robert John Woods Progressive
Dundas Preston Elliott Progressive
Durham Fred Wellington Bowen Conservative
Elgin East John Lawrence Stansell Conservative
Elgin West Hugh Cummings McKillop Conservative
Essex North William Costello Kennedy (until 29 December 1921 ministerial appointment) Liberal
William Costello Kennedy (by-election of 19 January 1922, died 17 January 1923) Liberal
Albert Frederick Healy (by-election of 1 March 1923) Liberal
Essex South George Perry Graham (until 29 December 1921 ministerial appointment) Liberal
George Perry Graham (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Fort William and Rainy River Robert James Manion Conservative
Frontenac William Samuel Reed Progressive
Glengarry and Stormont John Wilfred Kennedy Progressive
Grenville Arza Clair Casselman (until 27 December 1921 emoulment appointment) Conservative
Arthur Meighen (by-election of 26 January 1922) Conservative
Grey North Matthew Robert Duncan Conservative
Grey Southeast Agnes Macphail Progressive
Haldimand Mark Cecil Senn Conservative
Halton Robert King Anderson Conservative
Hamilton East Sydney Chilton Mewburn Conservative
Hamilton West Thomas Joseph Stewart Conservative
Hastings East Thomas Henry Thompson Conservative
Hastings West Edward Guss Porter (resigned 27 June 1924) Conservative
Charles Edward Hanna (by-election of 25 November 1924) Liberal
Huron North John Warwick King Progressive
Huron South William Black Progressive
Kent Archibald Blake McCoig (until 4 January 1922 Senate appointment) Liberal
James Murdock (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Kingston Arthur Edward Ross Conservative
Lambton East Burt Wendell Fansher Progressive
Lambton West Richard Vryling Lesueur Conservative
Lanark John Alexander Stewart (died 7 October 1922) Conservative
Richard Franklin Preston (by-election of 4 December 1922) Conservative
Leeds Hugh Alexander Stewart Conservative
Lennox and Addington Edward James Sexsmith Progressive
Lincoln James Dew Chaplin Conservative
London John Franklin White Conservative
Middlesex East Archie Latimer Hodgins Progressive
Middlesex West John Douglas Fraser Drummond Progressive
Muskoka William James Hammell Progressive
Nipissing Edmond Lapierre Liberal
Norfolk John Alexander Wallace Progressive
Northumberland Milton Edgar Maybee Conservative
Ontario North Robert Henry Halbert United Farmers of Ontario
Ontario South Lawson Omar Clifford Liberal
Ottawa (City of)* Edgar-Rodolphe-Eugène Chevrier Liberal
Harold Buchanan McGiverin Liberal
Oxford North Duncan James Sinclair Liberal
Oxford South Donald Sutherland Conservative
Parkdale David Spence Conservative
Parry Sound James Arthurs Conservative
Peel Samuel Charters Conservative
Perth North James Palmer Rankin Liberal
Perth South William Forrester Liberal
Peterborough East George Arthur Brethen Progressive
Peterborough West George Newcombe Gordon Liberal
Port Arthur and Kenora Dougald Kennedy Progressive
Prescott Joseph Binette Progressive
Prince Edward John Hubbs Conservative
Renfrew North Matthew McKay Liberal
Renfrew South Thomas Andrew Low (until emoulment appointment) Liberal
Thomas Andrew Low (by-election of 6 September 1923) Liberal
Russell Charles Murphy (until postmaster appointment) Liberal
Charles Murphy (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Simcoe East Thomas Edward Manley Chew Liberal
Simcoe North Thomas Edwin Ross Progressive
Simcoe South William Alves Boys Conservative
Timiskaming Angus McDonald Independent
Toronto Centre Edmund James Bristol Conservative
Toronto East Edmond Baird Ryckman Conservative
Toronto North Thomas Langton Church Conservative
Toronto South Charles Sheard Conservative
Toronto West Horatio Clarence Hocken Conservative
Victoria John Jabez Thurston Independent
Waterloo North William Daum Euler Liberal
Waterloo South William Elliott Progressive
Welland William Manly German Liberal
Wellington North John Pritchard Progressive
Wellington South Hugh Guthrie Conservative
Wentworth Gordon Crooks Wilson Conservative
York East Joseph Henry Harris Conservative
York North William Lyon Mackenzie King (until appointed Prime Minister) Liberal
William Lyon Mackenzie King (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
York South William Findlay Maclean Independent Conservative
York West Henry Lumley Drayton Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's James Joseph Hughes Liberal
Prince Alfred Edgar MacLean Liberal
Queen's* Donald Alexander Mackinnon Liberal
John Ewen Sinclair Liberal

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil Peter Robert McGibbon (died in office) Liberal
Charles Stewart (by-election of 28 February 1922) Liberal
Bagot Joseph Edmond Marcile Liberal
Beauce Henri Sévérin Béland (until government appointment) Liberal
Henri Sévérin Béland (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Beauharnois Louis Joseph Papineau Liberal
Bellechasse Charles Alphonse Fournier Liberal
Berthier Joseph-Charles-Théodore Gervais Liberal
Bonaventure Charles Marcil Liberal
Brome Andrew Ross McMaster Liberal
Chambly—Verchères Joseph Archambault Liberal
Champlain Arthur Lesieur Desaulniers Liberal
Charlevoix—Montmorency Pierre-François Casgrain Liberal
Chicoutimi—Saguenay Edmond Savard Liberal
Châteauguay—Huntingdon James Alexander Robb (until 29 December 1921 emoulment appointment) Liberal
James Alexander Robb (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Compton Aylmer Byron Hunt Liberal
Dorchester Lucien Cannon Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Napoléon Kemner Laflamme Liberal
Gaspé Rodolphe Lemieux Liberal
George-Étienne Cartier Samuel William Jacobs Liberal
Hochelaga Édouard-Charles St-Père Liberal
Hull Joseph-Éloi Fontaine Liberal
Jacques Cartier David Arthur Lafortune (died 19 October 1922) Liberal
Joseph-Théodule Rhéaume (by-election of 20 November 1922) Liberal
Joliette Jean-Joseph Denis Liberal
Kamouraska Charles Adolphe Stein (until 5 May 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Joseph Georges Bouchard (by-election of 15 May 1922) Liberal
Labelle Hyacinthe-Adélard Fortier Liberal
Laprairie—Napierville Roch Lanctôt Liberal
L'Assomption—Montcalm Paul-Arthur Séguin Liberal
Laurier—Outremont Lomer Gouin (until 29 December 1921 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Lomer Gouin (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Laval—Two Mountains Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier Liberal
Lévis Joseph Boutin Bourassa Liberal
L'Islet Joseph-Fernand Fafard Liberal
Lotbinière Thomas Vien Liberal
Maisonneuve Clément Robitaille Liberal
Maskinongé Eugène Desrochers Liberal
Matane François Jean Pelletier Liberal
Mégantic Lucien Turcotte Pacaud (until 26 October 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Eusèbe Roberge (by-election of 20 November 1922) Liberal
Missisquoi William Frederic Kay Liberal
Montmagny Joseph Bruno Aimé Miville Déchêne Liberal
Nicolet Arthur Trahan (until 25 April 1923 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Joseph-Félix Descoteaux (by-election of 14 May 1923) Liberal
Pontiac Frank S. Cahill Liberal
Portneuf Michel-Siméon Delisle Liberal
Quebec County Henri-Edgar Lavigueur Liberal
Quebec East Ernest Lapointe (until 3 January 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Ernest Lapointe (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Liberal
Quebec West Georges Parent Liberal
Richelieu Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin (until 30 January 1924 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin (by-election of 27 February 1924) Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Edmund William Tobin Liberal
Rimouski Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou (until 19 July 1924 registrar appointment) Liberal
Eugène Fiset (by-election of 2 September 1924) Liberal
St. Ann Joseph Charles Walsh Liberal
St. Antoine Walter George Mitchell (resigned 14 May 1924) Liberal
William James Hushion (by-election of 2 September 1924) Liberal
St. Denis Joseph-Arthur Denis Liberal
St. Hyacinthe—Rouville René Morin Liberal
St. James Fernand Rinfret Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville Marie Joseph Demers (until 22 July 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Aldéric-Joseph Benoit (by-election of 31 August 1922) Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Herbert Meredith Marler Liberal
St. Mary Hermas Deslauriers Liberal
Shefford Georges Henri Boivin Liberal
Sherbrooke (Town of) Francis N. McCrea Liberal
Stanstead Willis Keith Baldwin Liberal
Terrebonne Jules-Édouard Prévost Liberal
Three Rivers and St. Maurice Jacques Bureau (until 3 January 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Jacques Bureau (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Témiscouata Charles Arthur Gauvreau (died 9 October 1924) Liberal
Jean-François Pouliot (by-election of 1 December 1924) Liberal
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Gustave Benjamin Boyer (until 11 March 1922 Senate appointment) Liberal
Joseph-Rodolphe Ouimet (by-election of 21 March 1922) Liberal
Westmount—St. Henri Paul Mercier Liberal
Wright Romuald Montézuma Gendron Liberal
Yamaska Aimé Boucher Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Oliver Robert Gould Progressive
Battleford Thomas Henry McConica Progressive
Humboldt Charles Wallace Stewart Progressive
Kindersley Archibald M. Carmichael Progressive
Last Mountain John Frederick Johnston Progressive
Mackenzie Milton Neil Campbell Progressive
Maple Creek Neil Haman McTaggart Progressive
Moose Jaw Robert Milton Johnson (until election voided 22 February 1923) Progressive
Edward Nicholas Hopkins (by-election of 10 April 1923) Progressive
North Battleford Claudius Charles Davies Progressive
Prince Albert Andrew Knox Progressive
Qu'Appelle John Millar Progressive
Regina William Richard Motherwell (until 3 January 1922 emoulment appointment) Liberal
William Richard Motherwell (by-election of 19 January 1922) Liberal
Saltcoats Thomas Sales Progressive
Saskatoon John Evans Progressive
Swift Current Arthur John Lewis Progressive
Weyburn John Morrison Progressive

Yukon[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon George Black Conservative

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Témiscouata December 1, 1924 Charles Arthur Gauvreau      Liberal Jean-François Pouliot      Liberal Death Yes
Hastings West November 25, 1924 Edward Guss Porter      Conservative Charles Edward Hanna      Liberal Resignation in protest at the James Murdock-Home Bank incident No
Yale November 6, 1924 John Armstrong MacKelvie      Conservative Grote Stirling      Conservative Death Yes
Northumberland October 7, 1924 John Morrissy      Liberal William Bunting Snowball      Liberal Death Yes
Rimouski September 2, 1924 Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou      Liberal Eugène Fiset      Liberal Appointed Registrar of Deeds for the County of Rimouski. Yes
St. Antoine September 2, 1924 Walter George Mitchell      Liberal William James Hushion      Liberal Resigned Yes
Richelieu February 27, 1924 Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
Kent December 20, 1923 Auguste Théophile Léger      Liberal Alexandre Joseph Doucet      Conservative Death No
Halifax December 5, 1923 Alexander Kenneth Maclean      Liberal William Anderson Black      Conservative Resignation. No
Winnipeg North October 24, 1923 Edward James McMurray      Liberal Edward James McMurray      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General of Canada. Yes
Renfrew South September 6, 1923 Thomas Andrew Low      Liberal Thomas Andrew Low      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce. Yes
Pictou September 6, 1923 Edward Mortimer MacDonald      Liberal Edward Mortimer MacDonald      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of National Defence. Yes
North Cape Breton and Victoria July 31, 1923 Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Fenwick Lionel Kelly      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia Yes
Nicolet May 14, 1923 Arthur Trahan      Liberal Joseph-Félix Descôteaux      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Moose Jaw April 10, 1923 Robert Milton Johnson      Progressive Edward Nicholas Hopkins      Progressive Election declared void. Yes
Essex North March 1, 1923 William Costello Kennedy      Liberal Albert Frederick Healy      Liberal Death Yes
Halifax December 4, 1922 Edward Blackadder      Liberal Robert Emmett Finn      Liberal Death Yes
Lanark December 4, 1922 John Alexander Stewart      Conservative Richard Franklin Preston      Conservative Death Yes
Jacques Cartier November 20, 1922 David Arthur Lafortune      Liberal Joseph-Théodule Rhéaume      Liberal Death Yes
Mégantic November 20, 1922 Lucien Turcotte Pacaud      Liberal Eusèbe Roberge      Liberal Appointed Secretary to the Canadian High Commissioner to London. Yes
Gloucester November 20, 1922 Onésiphore Turgeon      Liberal Jean George Robichaud      Liberal Called to the Senate. Yes
St. Johns—Iberville August 31, 1922 Marie-Joseph Demers      Liberal Aldéric-Joseph Benoit      Liberal Resignation. Yes
Kamouraska May 15, 1922 Charles Adolphe Stein      Liberal Joseph Georges Bouchard      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec. Yes
Vaudreuil-Soulanges March 21, 1922 Gustave Benjamin Boyer      Liberal Joseph-Rodolphe Ouimet      Liberal Called to the Senate. Yes
Kootenay East March 14, 1922 Robert Ethelbert Beattie      Liberal James Horace King      Liberal Resignation. Yes
Argenteuil February 28, 1922 Peter Robert McGibbon      Liberal Charles Stewart      Liberal Death Yes
Grenville January 26, 1922 Arza Clair Casselman      Conservative Arthur Meighen      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Meighen. Yes
Regina January 19, 1922 William Richard Motherwell      Liberal William Richard Motherwell      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture . Yes
Beauce January 19, 1922 Henri Sévérin Béland      Liberal Henri Sévérin Béland      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment. Yes
Three Rivers and St. Maurice January 19, 1922 Jacques Bureau      Liberal Jacques Bureau      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Customs and Excise. Yes
Westmorland January 19, 1922 Arthur Bliss Copp      Liberal Arthur Bliss Copp      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada. Yes
Shelburne and Queen's January 19, 1922 William Stevens Fielding      Liberal William Stevens Fielding      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Finance. Yes
Laurier—Outremont January 19, 1922 Lomer Gouin      Liberal Lomer Gouin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice. Yes
Essex South January 19, 1922 George Perry Graham      Liberal George Perry Graham      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence and Minister of Naval Service. Yes
Essex North January 19, 1922 William Costello Kennedy      Liberal William Costello Kennedy      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals. Yes
York North January 19, 1922 William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister. Yes
Quebec East January 19, 1922 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries . Yes
North Cape Breton and Victoria January 19, 1922 Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General. Yes
Kent January 19, 1922 Archibald McCoig      Liberal James Murdock      Liberal Called to the Senate to provide a seat for Murdock Yes
Russell January 19, 1922 Charles Murphy      Liberal Charles Murphy      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster General. Yes
Châteauguay—Huntingdon January 19, 1922 James Robb      Liberal James Robb      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce . Yes


References[edit]

Succession[edit]