14th Congress of the Philippines
The Fourteenth Congress of the Philippines (Filipino:Ikalabing-apat na Kongreso ng Pilipinas) was the national legislature of the Republic of the Philippines, composed of the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives. The convening of the 14th Congress followed the 2007 general elections, which replaced half of the Senate membership, and the entire membership of the House of Representatives. It celebrated the centennial year of the Philippine legislature. The Congress' tenure ended with the 2010 general elections
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
- 1 Events
- 2 Sessions
- 3 Legislation
- 4 Leadership
- 5 Members
- 6 See also
- 7 Further reading
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Batasang Pambansa bombing
On the evening of November 17, 2007, an explosion at the South Wing of the Batasang Pambansa Complex killed six people, including Rep. Wahab Akbar (Lakas-CMD, Lone District Basilan). The other fatalities included an aide of Akbar, a driver of Gabriela Rep. Luzviminda Ilagan, and three aides of Rep. Pryde Henry Teves (Lakas-CMD, 3rd District Negros Oriental). Ten others were injured in the blast, including Reps. Ilagan and Teves.
On October 5, 2007, Lawyer Robert Pulido filed a three-page impeachment complaint against President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. This complaint was considered as a ploy by Malacañang according to the opposition. It was only supported by Rep. Edgar S. San Luis (independent, 4th District Laguna). On November 4, the House Committee on Justice, dominated by pro-Arroyo lawmakers, declared as "sufficient in form" the three-page impeachment complaint against President Arroyo. On November 6, the committee then deliberated whether the complaint (due to the National Broadband Network controversy) is "sufficient in substance." If the complaint was declared "sufficient in form", it would be considered as an impeachment proceeding; only one impeachment proceeding is allowed by the constitution, if the committee declares the complaint "insufficient in substance", it would give Arroyo an immunity from impeachment for a year. The committee ultimately voted to trash the complaint, with minority members boycotting the hearing.
Bribery scandal investigation
The Manila Peninsula Rebellion
The Manila Peninsula rebellion occurred in the Philippines on November 29, 2007. Detained Senator Antonio Trillanes IV, General Lim and other Magdalo (mutineers) officials walked out of their trial and marched through the streets of Makati City, calling for the ouster of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and seizing the second floor of The Peninsula Manila Hotel along Ayala Avenue. Former Vice-President Teofisto Guingona also joined the march to the hotel.
Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV and Brigadier Gen. Danilo Lim surrendered to authorities after an armored personnel carrier rammed into the lobby of the hotel. Director Geary Barias declared that the standoff at the Manila Peninsula Hotel is over as Sen. Antonio Trillanes IV, Brig. Gen. Danilo Lim along with other junior officers agreed to leave the hotel and surrender to Barias after the 6 hour siege. There was difficulty getting out for a while due to the tear gas that was covering the area where they were hiding.
Days after the mutiny, the Makati City Regional Trial Court dismissed the rebellion charges against all 14 civilians involved in the siege, and ordered their release.
National Broadband Network Scandal
The Philippine National Broadband Network controversy is a political affair that centers upon allegations of corruption primarily involving Former Commission on Elections (COMELEC) Chairman Benjamin Abalos, First Gentleman Mike Arroyo and President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo regarding the proposed government-managed National Broadband Network (NBN) for the Philippines and the awarding of its construction to the Chinese firm Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Company Limited (ZTE), a telecommunications and networking equipment provider.
The issue has captivated Filipino politics since it erupted in Philippine media around August 2007, largely through the articles of newspaper columnist Jarius Bondoc of the Philippine Star. It has also taken an interesting turn of events, including the resignation of Abalos as COMELEC chairman, the alleged bribery of congressmen and provincial governors (dubbed as "Bribery in the Palace"), the unseating of Jose de Venecia, Jr. as House Speaker, and the alleged "kidnapping" of designated National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) consultant-turned-NBN/ZTE witness Rodolfo Noel "Jun" Lozada, Jr.
The Spratly Islands Joint Exploration Agreement
In connection to the Philippine National Broadband Network controversy, The Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking (JMSU) is a tripartite agreement between the Philippines, China and Vietnam to conduct seismic exploration in an area spanning 142,886 square kilometers west of Palawan. More specifically, it is an agreement between Philippine National Oil Company -Exploration Corporation (PNOC-EC), China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) and Vietnam Oil and Gas Corporation (PetroVietnam), that was signed in September 2004 and took effect in July 2005. JMSU has already finished the first phase of the seismic exploration which lasted from September 1 to November 16, 2006, covering 11,000 line kilometers. A Chinese vessel conducted the survey, Vietnam processed the data gathered and this was interpreted by PNOC-EC in Manila. The second phase started in October 2007, covering 11,800 line kilometers. It was supposed to end January 2008.
Early in 2008, a proposal towards federalism was raised from both members of the Senate and the House of Representatives led by Senator Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.. This however was later not pushed through due to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo personally backing the proposal. Later on, allies of President Arroyo successfully passed House Resolution 1109 on June 2, 2009 by viva voce in a move to shift the government from the current presidential to parliamentary. All amendments would have needed the approval of three-fourths approval of Congress. The resolution was later shelved by the Senate as it has objected it being passed and due to public outcry towards it.
- First Regular Session: July 23, 2007 – June 13, 2008
- Second Regular Session: July 28, 2008 – June 5, 2009
- Third Regular Session: July 27, 2009 – June 2010
- First Joint Session: December 9 – 14, 2009
- Second Joint Session: May 24 – June 9, 2010
Laws passed by the 14th Congress:
- President of the Senate
- Senate President Pro-Tempore
- Majority Floor Leader
- Minority Floor Leader
House of Representatives
- Speaker of the House of Representatives
- Deputy Speakers
- Majority Floor Leader
- Minority Floor Leader
|Senator||Party[n 1]||Term||Term starts||Term ends||Bloc[n 2]|
|Benigno Aquino III||Liberal||1||2007||2013||Minority|
|Miriam Defensor Santiago||PRP||1||2004||2010||Majority|
|Juan Ponce Enrile||PMP||1||2004||2010||Majority|
|Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||PDP-Laban||2||2004||2010||Minority|
House of Representatives
The term of office of the current members of the House of Representatives will be from June 30, 2007 to June 30, 2010.
- Based on the Certificates of Candidacies.
- Based upon election for the Senate President on November 17, 2008. Those who voted for Enrile is the majority bloc, those who voter otherwise, abstained or did not vote is the minority bloc.
- Vacancy occurred after election of Alfredo S. Lim as Mayor of the City of Manila in 2007.
- Rep. Antonio V. Cuenco (Lakas-Kampi-CMD/Kusug/PROMDI) was appointed as Secretary-General of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly (AIPA) on February 4, 2010.
- Rep. Danilo Ramon Fernandez (Lakas-Kampi-CMD) was disqualified by the House Electoral Tribunal on November 20, 2009. However the ruling was reversed by the Supreme Court on January 4, 2010.
- Replaced Alvin S. Sandoval (Lakas-Kampi-CMD) as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on November 17, 2009.
- Rep. Danilo P. Lagbas (Lakas-CMD) died on June 7, 2008 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2008-06-09..
- Rep. Victor S. Dominguez (KAMPI) died on February 8, 2008..
- Rep. Jose V. Yap (Lakas-Kampi-CMD) died on March 2, 2010.
- Rep. Crispin B. Beltran (Anak Pawis) died on May 20, 2008. He was replaced by Raphael V. Mariano.
- Rep. Leonila V. Chavez (PL-BUTIL) died on January 29, 2010.
- Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
- Corazon L. Paras. (2000). The Presidents of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines. Quezon City: Giraffe Books. ISBN 971-8832-24-6.
- Bomb rocks Congress; solon among 4 killed - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos
- Jeannette Andrade (2008-02-01). "Court tells DoJ to finish probe of Batasan blast in 20 days". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- House panel declares Pulido complaint 'sufficient in form' GMANews.tv
- JDV says House to continue impeachment proceedings on Wednesday GMANewws.tv
- House justice panel thrashes impeach complaint vs Arroyo GMANews.tv
- Bulacan gov can't attend Senate 'cash gifts' probe GMANews.tv
- Gma News, Trillanes, Lim decide to call it quits - report
- GMA News, 'It's over,' says Barias of hotel standoff Archived March 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Ho, Abigail L.; Juliet Labog-Javellana (2008-03-07). "Arroyo hit on Spratlys deal". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Manila. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- newsinfo.inquirer.net, Arroyo resurrects Charter change, Dureza: Federalism needs constitutional amendment Archived August 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Dalangin-Fernandez, Lira (2009-06-02). "House approves constituent assembly". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- "House approves constituent assembly". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2009-06-02. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- "Enrile on Cha-cha: No way before 2010 polls". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- House of Representatives of the Philippines - Legislative Calendar
- Mendez, Christina (2008-11-18). "Villar ousted; Enrile elected Senate president". Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- Rep. Wahab M. Akbar (Liberal Party) was assassinated on November 13, 2007.
- Cuenco gets top post in ASEAN assembly - Philstar.com
- New Malabon-Navotas lawmaker sworn in Accessed on November 19, 2009.
- Tarlac loses political giant with death of peacemaker Yap
- GMANews.TV - Doctors declare ‘Ka Bel’ dead due to severe head injuries - Nation - Official Website of GMA News and Public Affairs - Latest Philippine News - BETA
- Party-list solon passes away
- Citizen's Battle Against Corruption's Representatives
- "List of Senators". Senate of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 2006-09-14. Retrieved 2006-09-16.
- "The LAWPHi'L Project - Philippine Laws and Jurispudance Databank". Arellano Law Foundation. Archived from the original on 1 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-16.
- House of Representatives of the Philippines
- Philippine Senate