14th Street (Manhattan)
14th Street looking west from Fifth Avenue
|Length||2.0 mi (3.2 km)|
|Location||Manhattan, New York City|
|Postal code||10014, 10011, 10003, 10009|
|West end||NY 9A (11th Avenue) in Chelsea / Meatpacking|
|East end||Avenue C in East Village / Stuyvesant Town|
14th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. Presently primarily a shopping street, in the earlier history of New York City 14th Street was an upscale location, but it lost its glamor and status as the city grew northward.
At Broadway, 14th Street forms the southern boundary of Union Square. It is also considered the northern boundary of Greenwich Village, Alphabet City, and the East Village, and the southern boundary of Chelsea, Flatiron/Lower Midtown, and Gramercy.
14th Street marks the southern terminus of Manhattan's grid system. North of 14th Street, the streets make up a near-perfect grid that runs in numerical order. South of 14th, the grid continues in the East Village almost perfectly, but not so in Greenwich Village, where an older and less uniform grid plan applies.
The street was designated by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 as the southernmost of 15 east–west streets that would be 100 feet (30 m) in width (while other streets were designated as 60 feet (18 m) wide).
West 14th Street begins at an interchange with New York State Route 9A northeast of Greenwich Village. At the end of the interchange, it intersects with 10th Avenue. The street continues east, intersecting with Washington Street, Ninth Avenue/Hudson Street, Eighth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, Sixth Avenue, and Fifth Avenue. After Fifth Avenue, West 14th Street becomes East 14th Street and goes on to form the southern border of Union Square between University Place and Fourth Avenue. East of Fourth Avenue, 14th Street forms the southern end of Irving Place, a north-south road that terminates at Gramercy Park. 14th Street then intersects with Third Avenue, which forms the border between the neighborhoods of the East Village to the south and Gramercy to the north. The street goes on to intersect with Second Avenue. At First Avenue, 14th Street widens from a four-lane road to a six-lane divided boulevard with a westbound service road. It then intersects with the main thoroughfares of Alphabet City: Avenue A, Avenue B, and Avenue C, where the street terminates. It formerly terminated at FDR Drive via an on-ramp to the southbound FDR before the September 11 attacks, when the New York Police Department vacated the portion between Avenue C and FDR due to the presence of the nearby ConEdison East River Generating Station along 14th and 15th Streets as a possible terrorist target.
14th Street is well served by the New York City Subway. The BMT Canarsie Line (L train) runs underneath 14th Street from Eighth Avenue to the East River, stopping at Eighth Avenue, Sixth Avenue, Union Square, Third Avenue, and First Avenue. Additionally, every line that crosses 14th Street has a stop there:
- 14th Street–Union Square on the BMT Canarsie Line, BMT Broadway Line, and IRT Lexington Avenue Line serving the 4, 5, 6, <6>, L, N, Q, R, and W trains
- 14th Street/Sixth Avenue on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, BMT Canarsie Line, and IND Sixth Avenue Line serving the 1, 2, 3, F, L, and M trains
- 14th Street–Eighth Avenue on the BMT Canarsie Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line serving the A, C, E, and L trains
In the past, every former IRT elevated line had a station at 14th Street:
- 14th Street on the IRT Second Avenue Line
- 14th Street on the IRT Third Avenue Line
- 14th Street on the IRT Sixth Avenue Line
- 14th Street on the IRT Ninth Avenue Line
In preparation for the Canarsie Tunnel closure between 2019 and 2020, the New York City Department of Transportation plans to convert 14th Street between Third and Ninth Avenues into a bus-only corridor during rush hours. A new Select Bus Service bus rapid transit route would run across 14th Street, connecting to a ferry route at Stuyvesant Cove Park near 23rd Street. The Select Bus Service route would start running in January 2020 and be discontinued when the Canarsie Tunnel is reopened in June 2020.:39 When the 14th Street busway is enforced during the shutdown, the only vehicles that could use the busway would be buses, trucks making deliveries on 14th Street, emergency and Access-A-Ride vehicles, and local traffic traveling for no more than one block.:63–64
Points of interest
From west to east, points of interest include:
- Hudson River Park
- High Line
- Fourteenth Street Theatre, located at 107 West 14th Street just west of Sixth Avenue; demolished in 1938.
- Union Square Park
- Immaculate Conception Roman Catholic Church.
- Google (August 31, 2015). "14th Street (Manhattan)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Morris, Gouverneur, De Witt, Simeon, and Rutherford, John [sic] (March 1811) "Remarks Of The Commissioners For Laying Out Streets And Roads In The City Of New York, Under The Act Of April 3, 1807", Cornell University Library. Accessed June 27, 2016. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five--the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."
- Google (2007-07-20). "14th Street - New York City" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Second Avenue Subway Map, MTA's website
- "14th Street Station - PATH". The Port Authority of NY & NJ. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "L train shutdown to close portion of 14th Street to cars during rush hour: MTA". New York's PIX11 / WPIX-TV. December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- Walker, Ameena (December 13, 2017). "Long-awaited L train shutdown plan finally released". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- Nir, Sarah Maslin (December 13, 2017). "Rerouting Thousands: City Plans for L Train Closure". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- "City launching M14 SBS bus ahead of L train shutdown". Metro US. 2018-07-24. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
- "MTA sets rollout date for L train shutdown busway". am New York. 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
- "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 23, 2018. pp. 201–205. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- New York City Transit Authority (July 2018). "MTA New York City Transit Canarsie Tunnel Project Supplemental Environmental Assessment and Section 4(f) Review: Appendices" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
- Berg, J.C. (9 January 2011). The Fourteenth Street Theater, nycvintageimages.com
- Cooper, Lee E. (March 1, 1938). "Old Fourteenth St. Theatre to Pass Into Hands of Wreckers on Monday". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 14th Street (Manhattan).|
- New York Songlines: 14th Street, a virtual walking tour