1502d Air Transport Wing
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|1502d Air Transport Wing|
Emblem of the 1501st Air Transport Wing
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Military Air Transport Service|
|Garrison/HQ||Hickam AFB, Hawaii|
The 1502d Air Transport Wing is a discontinued United States Air Force unit, last assigned to Western Transport Air Force in January 1966. The 1502d ATW was a heavy cargo transport wing of the Military Air Transport Service (MATS), formed at Hickam AFB on 1 July 1955.
The wing was organized in mid-1955 with five C-97 squadrons established; squadrons again redesignated as part of the Wing realignment. In 1955 two squadrons were upgraded to very heavy lift C-124 Globemaster II which gave the wing a worldwide airlift capability. Also beginning in 1955, the wing operated VC-97s for VIP/Special Air Mission flights supporting HQ Far East Air Force (Rear). later HQ Pacific Air Forces, 1957-1966.
The 1502nd Air Transport Wing Rodeo team under the command of Major Joe Lodrige win the 1962 Military Air Transport Service Rodeo at Scott Air Force Base, Ill. The C-124 team from Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, devised a new airdrop system to use in that first active-duty Rodeo, which helped them claim the title of the "best of the best. Several members of the 1502nd including Major Lodrige, went on to very distinguished service flying in the elite 89th Airlift Wing stationed at Andrews Air Force Base flying our nation's most senior civilian and military leaders to locations around the globe.
The wing assumed responsibility for aircraft and personnel of 1503d Air Transport Group at Tachikawa Air Base, Japan in 1964 when 1503d reduced from Wing to Group level. The 1503d was a support organization and had no flying units assigned despite its name. The wing remained flying worldwide transport missions with the Globemasters until 1966 when MATS was inactivated and the wing assets were transferred to the Military Airlift Command 61st Military Airlift Wing.
- During the Taiwan Strait crisis of 1958, MATS flew 144 airlift trips to the Far East when the crisis arose in the Formosa Straits, supporting the move of a Tactical Air Command Composite Air Strike Force, and airlifting a squadron of F-104 Starfighters to Taiwan.
- MATS supported nuclear weapons testing at the Eniwetok Proving Ground by airlifting more than 14,000 tons of cargo and 13,000 personnel, as well as providing 1,100 of its own technical personnel.
- In February, 1961, MATS participated in Long Pass, the first strategic deployment airlift exercise of its size to the Pacific. It used 132 aircraft to move a battle group of the Strategic Army Corps (STRAC) and equipment for a Tactical Air Command Composite Strike Force (CASF) to Clark Air Base, the Philippines, and back again.
- In February, 1962, MATS used 120 airlift aircraft of all types in a similar exercise, Great Shelf, to Clark Air Base. This time it moved 2,300 Army paratroops of STRAC and 1,100 tons of their equipment over the 7,600-statute-mile (12,200 km) route.
- In 1962, Devastating 175 miles per hour (282 km/h) winds of Typhoon Karen had barely subsided when the first of 50 MATS jet and prop-driven aircraft began landing on the rain-soaked runways of Anderson Air Force Base, Guam, with relief supplies and equipment. MATS airlifted more than 970 tons of material — from huge electric generators to blankets and clothing. Returning aircraft evacuated more than 760 dependents and servicemen whose homes had been shattered by the island's most severe storm in recorded history.
1502d Air Transport Group
- Designated as the 531st Air Transport Group, 14 May 1948
- Organized 1 Jun 1948
- Redesignated as 1500th Air Transport Group, 1 October 1948
- Redesignated as 1502d Air Transport Group, 1 Jul 1955
- Discontinued 15 May 1958
1502d Air Transport Wing
- Designated and organized as the 1502d Air Transport Wing, 1 Jul 1955
- Discontinued on 8 Jan 1966, personnel and equipment assigned to 61st Military Airlift Wing
- Pacific Division, MATS, 1 Jul 1955
- Western Transport Air Force, (WESTAF), 1 July 1958
- Headquarters, Military Air Transport Service, 1-8 Jan 1966
- 1502d Air Transport Group, 1 July 1955 - 15 May 1958
- 1st Air Transport Squadron (later 1263d Air Transport Squadron), 1 Jun 1948 - 17 Jun 1949
- 2d Air Transport Squadron (later 1264th Air Transport Squadron), 1 Jun 1948 - 1 Jun 1949
- 4th Air Transport Squadron (later 1265th Air Transport Squadron), 1 Jun 1948 - 23 Apr 1949
- 47th Air Transport Squadron, Medium, 20 Jul 1952-15 May 1958
- 48th Air Transport Squadron, Heavy, 20 Jul 1952 - 15 May 1958
- 49th Air Transport Squadron, Heavy, 20 Jul 1952 - 1 Jul 1955
- 50th Air Transport Squadron, Heavy, 20 Jul 1952 - 15 May 1958
- 51st Air Transport Squadron, 20 Jul 1952 - 1 Jul 1955
- 1263d Air Transport Squadron, 30 Jun 1949 - 20 July 1952
- 1264th Air Transport Squadron, 13 Oct 1949 - 20 July 1952
- 1266th Air Transport Squadron, 30 Jun 1949 - 20 July 1952
- 1267th Air Transport Squadron, 13 Oct 1949 - 24 May 1950
- 1268th Air Transport Squadron, 30 Jun 1949 - 20 July 1952
- 1283d Air Transport Squadron, 24 Oct 1951-1 Jun 1952
- 1284th Air Transport Squadron, 24 Oct 1951-1 Jun 1952
- 1503d Air Transport Group, 22 Jun 1964 - 8 Jan 1966
- 1503d Support Squadron (Transport), 22 Jun 1964 - 8 Jan 1966
- At Tachikawa Air Base, Japan
- 6th Troop Carrier Squadron, 23 Jun 1965-8 Jan 1966
- 48th Air Transport Squadron, 15 May 1958 - 25 Jun 1965
- 50th Air Transport Squadron, 15 May 1958 - 8 Jan 1966
- 1453d Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Sep 1956 - 1 Nov 1965
- 1505th Support Squadron (Transport), 22 Jun 1964 - 8 Jan 1966
- at Kadena AB, Okinawa
- 1506th Support Squadron (Transport), 22 Jun 1964 - 8 Jan 1966
- at Clark AB, Philippines
- 1507th Support Squadron (Transport), 22 Jun 1964 - 8 Jan 1966
- at Andersen AFB, Guam
- 1508th Support Squadron (Transport), 21 Dec 1965 - 8 Jan 1966
- at Cam Rahn Bay, Viet Nam
- Naval Air Transport Squadron 8 (VR-8), attached 1 Jul 1955 - 5 Sep 1957
- Naval Air Transport Squadron 7 (VR-7), attached 1 Jul 1955-15 Aug 1957
- Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, 1 Jul 1955 - 8 Jan 1966
- 47th, 48th, 49th, 50th, 51st Air Transport Squadrons, 1955
- Note: 50th ATS operated a VC-97 version of Stratofreighter, 1951-1966 for VIP/Special Air Missions.
- 48th Air Transport Squadron, 195? -1965
- 50th Air Transport Squadron, 1955-1966
- 6th Troop Carrier Squadron, 1965-1966
- 1453d Medical (later Aeromedical) Air Evacuation Squadron, 1956-1965
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.
- Air Force History Index.org, Individual squadron lookups in AFHRA archives
- Ulanoff, Stanley M. (1964). MATS: The Story of the Military Air Transport Service. New York, NY: Franklin Watts, Inc. ISBN 9781199087683.
- Air Force Print News Today