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|1504 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2257|
|Balinese saka calendar||1425–1426|
|English Regnal year||19 Hen. 7 – 20 Hen. 7|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)|
4200 or 4140
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4201 or 4141
|- Vikram Samvat||1560–1561|
|- Shaka Samvat||1425–1426|
|- Kali Yuga||4604–4605|
|Japanese calendar||Bunki 4 / Eishō 1|
|Minguo calendar||408 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2046–2047|
1630 or 1249 or 477
— to —
1631 or 1250 or 478
Year 1504 (MDIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- January 1 – French troops of King Louis XII surrender Gaeta to the Spanish, under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba.
- January 21 – After the death of Sten Sture the Elder on December 14 the year before, Svante Nilsson is elected the new Regent of Sweden.
- January 31 – Treaty of Lyon: France cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon, who becomes King of Naples as Ferdinand III.
- February 14 – King Ferdinand V of Castile contracts with Juan de la Cosa to finance an expedition to the Pearl Islands.
- February 18 – The investiture of Prince Henry of England as Prince of Wales takes place.
- February 29 – Christopher Columbus uses his knowledge of a lunar eclipse this night, to convince the indigenous Jamaican people to provide him with supplies. (In Europe, the eclipse is in the early morning of March 1).
- March 11 – King James IV of Scotland opens the Scottish Parliament for the first time since 1496.
- March 16 – In what is now India's Kerala state, a second invasion of the Portuguese-supported Kingdom of Cochin by the Zamorin of Calicut takes place, beginning a war that lasts until July 3.
- March 30 – The Eisho era begins in Japan during the reign of Emperor Go-Kashiwabara as the Bunki era ends.
- April 1 – English guilds become subject to state control.
- April 23 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, routes troops to Bavaria to fight in the War of the Succession of Landshut.
- May 24 – Le Hien Tong, Emperor of Vietnam, dies after a reign of six years and is succeeded by his 15-year-old son Le Tuc Tong.
- June 17 – Rao Bika Rathore, ruler of the Kingdom of Bikaner in India, dies after a reign of 32 years and is succeeded by his son Lunkaran.
- June 28 – After being marooned in Jamaica for six months, Christopher Columbus and his men are rescued by a Spanish ship.
- July 2 – Bogdan III the One-Eyed becomes the new Prince of Moldavia upon the death of his father Stephen the Great.
- July 3 – The siege of Cochin in India by the invading forces of Calicut ends as the Portuguese and Cochin defenders defeat the invaders. Calicut loses 5,000 dead in battle and another 13,000 to disease, while Cochin and Portugal sustain minimal losses.
- July 17 – At the age of 16, Lê Túc Tông becomes the new Emperor of Vietnam (Dai Viet) after the death of his father, Lê Hiến Tông, but serves for only six months before dyin. .
- July 20 – Pope Julius II issues an order reforming the official coinage of the Papal States, raising the silver content of the carlino coin to four grams. In that the Pope was formerly Giuliano della Rovere, the new coin is called the giulio in his honor and features the coat of arms of the della Rovere family.
- August 19 – The Battle of Knockdoe is fought in Ireland's County Galway as 6,000 troops led by the English Lord Deputy of Ireland, Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Earl of Kildare assist Maelsechlainn mac Tadhg Ó Cellaigh, King of Uí Mháine, against 4,000 troops of Irish chieftain Ulick Fionn Burke, Lord of the Clanricarde lands. Burke had previously attacked and destroyed Ó Cellaigh's castles at Monivea, Castleblakeney and Garbally and sought Kildare's help. Kildare's forces win the battle.
- September 8 – Michelangelo's sculpture of David is completed in Florence.
- September 13 – Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of Capilla Real, a Royal Chapel, to be built in Granada.
- September 22 – Treaty of Blois: Philip I of Castile, Maximilian I and Louis XII agree to terms.
- October 12 – Isabella I of Castile signs her will and testament.
- November 7 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain from his fourth voyage, during which he and his younger son, Ferdinand, explored the coast of Central America from Belize to Panama.
- November 26 – On the death of Isabella I of Castile, Catholic Queen of Castile and Aragon, the Crown of Castile passes to her daughter Joanna.
- December 8 (approximate date) – Islamic scholar Ahmad ibn Abi Jum'ah issues the Oran fatwa for Muslims in Spain (1 Rajab 910 AH in Islamic calendar, Gregorian date is approximate).
- December 24 – Knut Alvsson's rebellion is crushed at Olsborg Castle in Båhuslen.
- December 24 – Lê Túc Tông dies after a reign of only six months as Emperor of Vietnam.
- Babur besieges and captures Kabul.
- Islamization of the Sudan region: A Funj leader, Amara Dunqas, founds the Sultanate of Sennar.
- Sheikh Ahmad, final leader of the Great Horde, is last heard of as a Lithuanian prisoner at Vilnius.
- Juan de la Cosa begins his first independent voyage, to the Isthmus of Panama.
- In Florence, Leonardo da Vinci and Niccolò Machiavelli become involved in a scheme to divert the Arno River, cutting the water supply to Pisa to force its surrender: Colombino, the project foreman, fails to follow da Vinci's design, and the project is a major failure.
- Venetian ambassadors suggest to Turkey the construction of a Suez Canal.
- Aldus Manutius publishes his edition of Demosthenes in Venice.
- Matthias Grünewald paints a Crucifixion.
- The Signoria of Florence commissions both Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo to paint the walls of the Grand Council Chamber in the Palazzo Vecchio.
- Raphael paints The Marriage of the Virgin, which exemplifies some major principles of High Renaissance art.
- January 1 – Caspar Creuziger, German humanist (d. 1548)
- January 17 – Pope Pius V (d. 1572)
- January 28 – Anna II, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg, German noblewoman, reigning from 1516 until her death (d. 1574)
- February 3 – Scipione Rebiba, Italian cardinal (d. 1577)
- March 31 – Guru Angad, Indian religious leader (d. 1552)
- April 12 – Alessandro Campeggio, Italian cardinal (d. 1554)
- April 30 – Francesco Primaticcio, Italian painter (d. 1570)
- May 5 – Stanislaus Hosius, Polish cardinal (d. 1579)
- May 29 – Antun Vrančić, Croatian archbishop (d. 1573)
- June 24 – Johannes Mathesius, German theologian (d. 1565)
- July 18 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
- August 1 – Dorothea of Denmark, Duchess of Prussia, Danish princess (d. 1547)
- August 6 – Matthew Parker, English Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1574)
- September 4 – John V, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, Prince of Anahlt-Dessau (1516–1544) and Anhalt-Zerbst (1544–1551) (d. 1551)
- September 20 – Philip III, Count of Nassau-Weilburg (d. 1559)
- October 29 – Shin Saimdang, Korean calligraphist and noted poet (d. 1551)
- November – Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian novelist and poet (d. 1573)
- November 13 – Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (d. 1567)
- December – Nicholas Udall, English playwright and schoolmaster (d. 1556)
- December 31 – Beatrice of Portugal, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1538)
- date unknown
- Ali ibn Ahmad al-Samhudi (علي بن أحمد السمهودي), Egyptian Sunni Islamic scholar, author of Wafa al-Wafa bi akhbar Dar al-Mustafa
- John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English Tudor nobleman and politician (executed 1553)
- Patrick Hamilton, Scottish churchman and Reformer (burned at the stake 1528)
- Dirk Philips, early Dutch Anabaptist writer and theologian (d. 1568)
- January 9 – Gaspare Nadi, Italian builder (b. 1418)
- January 27 – Ludovico II, Marquess of Saluzzo (b. 1438)
- February 17 – Eberhard II, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1447)
- April 15 – Filippino Lippi, Italian painter (b. 1457)
- May 31 – Engelbert II of Nassau (b. 1451)
- June – Lê Hiến Tông, Emperor of the Lê Dynasty
- June 19 – Bernhard Walther, German astronomer and humanist (b. 1430)
- July 2 – Stephen the Great, Prince of Moldova (b. 1434)
- July 29 – Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby (b. 1435)
- August – Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara, Italian astronomer (b. 1454)
- August 20 – Ruprecht of the Palatinate (Bishop of Freising) (b. 1481)
- August 22 – Philipp II, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1489–1503) (b. 1462)
- August 28 – John Paston, English gentleman known from the Paston Letters (b. 1444)
- September 10 – Philibert II, Duke of Savoy (b. 1480)
- September 15 – Elisabeth of Bavaria (b. 1478)
- September 22 – Jan II the Mad, Duke of Żagań (1439–1449 and 1461–1468 and again in 1472) (b. 1435)
- September 24 – Bartolomeo della Rocca ("Cocles"), Italian astrologer (b. 1467)
- October 12 – John Corvinus, Hungarian noble (b. 1473)
- November 9 – King Frederick IV of Naples (b. 1452)
- November 26 – Queen Isabella I of Castile (b. 1451)
- December – Lê Túc Tông, Emperor of the Lê Dynasty
- December 21 – Berthold von Henneberg, German archbishop and elector (b. 1442)
- date unknown
- Abdal-Karim Khan Astrakhani, Khan of Astrakhan
- Abu Abdallah IV, Sultan of Tlemcen
- Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya, first Wattasid Sultan of Morocco and King of Fez
- Éamonn Mág Samhradháin, Lord of Tullyhaw
- Fathullah Imad-ul-Mulk, Indian-born founder of the Berar Sultanate
- Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo, Spanish author
- Qasim Barid I, founder of the Bidar Sultanate
- Vira Ravi Ravi Varma, Raja of Venad
- Choe Bu, Korean official and venturer to China (b. 1454)
- ^ Richard Cavendish (January 1, 2004). "The Treaty of Lyons". History Today. 54. Retrieved May 2, 2021.
- ^ "The Battle of Knockdoe, 19 August 1504", by Donal O'Carroll, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society (2004) p.46
- ^ Javier Gallego (1985). Granada in Your Hand. Editorial En su mano. p. 34. ISBN 978-84-86320-08-9.
- ^ Will Durant (June 7, 2011). The Reformation: The Story of Civilization, Volume VI. Simon and Schuster. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-4516-4763-1.
- ^ a b Pierre Terjanian; Andrea Bayer; Adam B. Brandow (October 2, 2019). The Last Knight: The Art, Armor, and Ambition of Maximilian I. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 302–. ISBN 978-1-58839-674-7.
- ^ Wengert, Timothy J. (Autumn 1989). "Caspar Cruciger (1504-1548): The Case of the Disappearing Reformer". Sixteenth Century Journal. Truman State University Press. 20 (3): 417–441. doi:10.2307/2540788. JSTOR 2540788.
- ^ Scholastic Library Publishing (2006). Encyclopedia Americana. Scholastic Library Pub. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-7172-0139-6.
- ^ Adriano Prosperi (1974). "Campeggi, Alessandro". Treccani. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
- ^ Encyclopedia of World Biography: Orozco-Radisson. Gale Research. 1998. p. 453. ISBN 978-0-7876-2552-8.
- ^ Parker Society (Great Britain) (1968). The Parker Society for the Publication of the Works of the Fathers and Early Writers of the Reformed English Church. [Publications]. Johnson Reprint Corporation. p. vi.
- ^ Dennis Poupard; Michael Lablanc; Mark Scott (2003). Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800: Excerpts from Criticism of the Works of Fifteenth, Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth-century Novelists, Poets, Playwrights, Philosophers, and Other Creative Writers. Gale. p. 298. ISBN 978-0-7876-6352-0.
- ^ Mariusz Misztal (2002). The Elizabethan Courtier: Ideal Versus Reality Embodied in Robert Dudley Earl of Leicester. Wydaw. Naukowe AP. p. 61. ISBN 978-83-7271-096-3.
- ^ Rona Goffen (January 1, 2002). Renaissance Rivals: Michelangelo, Leonardo, Raphael, Titian. Yale University Press. p. 433. ISBN 978-0-300-10589-6.
- ^ Norman Davis (1999). The Paston Letters: A Selection in Modern Spelling. Oxford University Press. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-19-283640-3.
- ^ Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward; William Leist Readwin Cates (1872). Encyclopaedia of Chronology: Historical and Biographical. Lee and Shepard. p. 348.
- ^ Július Bartl; Dušan Škvarna (2002). Slovak History: Chronology & Lexicon. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-86516-444-4.