1500s in England
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- Regent – Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby (starting 21 April, until 28 June 1509)
- Parliament – 7th of King Henry VII (starting 25 January, until c. 1 April 1504)
- Publication of This is the Boke of Cokery, the first known printed cookbook in English.
- 27 January – Archbishop of Canterbury-elect Thomas Langton dies before his consecration.
- March – first royal court held at the new Richmond Palace.
- 26 April – Henry Deane elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
- 2 October – Catherine of Aragon first sets foot in England, at Plymouth; on 4 November she meets her intended spouse, Arthur, Prince of Wales, for the first time, at Dogmersfield in Hampshire.
- 14 November – Marriage of Arthur, Prince of Wales to Catherine of Aragon at St Paul's Cathedral in London by the Archbishop of Canterbury, followed by a public bedding.
- 2 April – death of Arthur, Prince of Wales of fever, at Ludlow Castle, aged 15. He is buried in Worcester Cathedral.
- 6 May – James Tyrrell executed for allegedly murdering the Princes in the Tower.
- 19 June – Treaty of Aachen between England and the Holy Roman Empire.
- The Treaty of Perpetual Peace between Scotland and England is signed.
- Bristol merchants return from Newfoundland carrying three native people and cod from the Grand Banks.
- Macclesfield Grammar School is founded by Sir John Percyvale.
- 16 January – Philip of Burgundy lands at Melcombe Regis after the fleet carrying him to Castile runs into a violent storm
- 9 February and 20 March – Treaties of Windsor ally England, Burgundy, and the Habsburgs against France.
- 24 April – Edmund de la Pole imprisoned as a rival claimant to the throne.
- 22 April – the 17-year-old Henry VIII becomes King of England on the death of his father, Henry VII; he will reign for 38 years. His grandmother Lady Margaret Beaufort serves as regent until her death on 29 June.
- 11 June – Henry VIII marries Catherine of Aragon, his brother's widow.
- 19 June – Brasenose College, University of Oxford, is founded by Sir Richard Sutton (lawyer), of Prestbury, Cheshire, and the Bishop of Lincoln, William Smyth.
- 24 June – coronation of Henry VIII.
- 29 June – death of Lady Margaret Beaufort initiates foundation of St John's College, Cambridge (charter 1511).
- November – Court chaplain Thomas Wolsey becomes royal almoner.
- Desiderius Erasmus writes The Praise of Folly while staying with Thomas More.
- St Paul's School, London, is founded by John Colet, Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral.
- Royal Grammar School, Guildford, is founded under the will of Robert Beckingham.
- Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Blackburn, is founded.
- 16 January – Anthony Denny, confidant of Henry VIII of England (died 1559)
- 21 March – Anne Brooke, Baroness Cobham, born Anne Braye (died 1558)
- 18 September – Henry Stafford, nobleman (died 1563)
- approximate date
- 1502 – approximate date
- 11 February – Elizabeth of York, queen of Henry VII of England (born 1466)
- 15 February – Henry Deane, Archbishop of Canterbury (born c. 1440)
- 16 March – Edward Story, Bishop of Carlisle and Chichester (year of birth unknown)
- 24 June – Reginald Bray, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and architect (born 1440)
- 23 November – Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (born 1446)
- Richard Amerike, merchant and patron of John Cabot (born 1445)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 137–140. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Weir, Alison (2007). The Six Wives of Henry VIII. New York: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3683-4.
- Weir, Alison (2008). Henry VIII: King & Court. London: Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-09-953242-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 192–197. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Treaty of Perpetual Peace, Scottish Government website". Retrieved 7 November 2007.
- Fabyan, Robert (1516). The New Chronicles of England and France.
- Nansen, Fridtjof. In Northern Mists: Arctic Exploration in Early Times.
- "The Prince of Wales". Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2007.
- "The History of Christ's College". Cambridge: Christ's College. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.