150th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

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150-я стрелковая дивизия "Идрицкая"
150th Rifle Division
Soviet Znamya Pobedy.svg
"Victory Banner #5" was raised just below a statue on the roof of the Reichstag building. The flag reads, "150th Rifle, Order of Kutuzov 2nd class, 'Idritskaya' Division, 79th Rifle Corps, 3rd Shock Army, 1st Belorussian Front."
Active September 1939 – December 1946
Country  Soviet Union
Branch Red Army flag.svg Red Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Nickname(s) "Idritskaya"
Engagements

World War II

Decorations Order of Kutuzov 2nd Class Order of Kutuzov

The 150th Rifle 'Idritskaya' Division (Russian: 150-я стрелковая дивизия 'Идрицкая') was a formation in the Red Army fighting on the Eastern Front of World War II from 1941 to 1945. It gained most fame as the formation whose soldiers raised the Soviet flag over the Reichstag near the end of the war.

The nickname ‘Idritskaya’ was given to the division on July 23, 1944, by the order № 207 for its heroic battle in the town of Idritsa. The Division fought at Schneidemühl and Berlin.

History[edit]

The Division was formed three times, being initially established at Vyazma in September 1939. As part of the 3rd Army's 3rd Rifle Corps the division took part in the Soviet Invasion of Poland.

Force Composition[1]

  • 469th Rifle Regiment
  • 674th Rifle Regiment
  • 756th Rifle Regiment
  • 328th Light Artillery Regiment
  • 418th Howitzer Regiment

Operating as part of the 9th Army on 22 June 1941, then, after the Second Battle of Kharkov, being wiped out at Izyum in May 1942. It was recreated at Turga in August 1942. It was then re-created for the third time in September 1943.

When formed for the third time, it was composed of the 127th, 144th, and 151st brigades. Initially this division fell under the command of the 34th Army. But during some time in early 1944 it was transferred to the 6th Guards Army, and then finally it was assigned to the 79th Rifle Corps of the 3rd Shock Army, of the 1st Belorussian Front, under which it would stay on the offensive all the way from Nevel, Pskov Oblast to Berlin.

On April 22, 1945, when victory for the Soviet Army was near, an order from the Military Council of the 3rd Shock Army designated the 150th Division to be one of 9 divisions to receive a special banner solely for the purpose of raising it over the Reichstag as a sign of the Soviet victory. Red Army photographer Yevgeny Khaldei took the picture of soldiers Kovaliev and another comrade of the Division's 756th Rifle Regiment hoisting the flag (called the Victory Banner) on April 30, 1945, on the roof of the Reichstag building.[2] An earlier flag had been raised the day before while the building was being fought over with remaining German soldiers. However, as the flag was raised after dusk, there was no chance to take a picture. After taking the shot with the flag Khaldei rushed back to Moscow, and it was later decided that the true persons on the photo, Kovaliev and his comrade, were not politically correct. So they became Meliton Kantaria (a Georgian, like Stalin) and Mikhail Yegorov (a Russian).

On April 26, 1945, for its heroic overnight victory at lake Voshvanzee 150th Rifle Division was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, second degree.

In December 1946 the division was disbanded in the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany.[3]

As of 2016 it is being reactivated in Rostov Oblast as a full motor rifle division with its division HQ schedule to open in Novocherkassk on 1 December 2016,[3][4] and will likely be part of the newly reactivated Southern Military District tank army as part of the ongoing structural reform. The division will inherit the traditions of the 150th Rifle Division.

15 personnel were awarded the Gold Star Medal as Heroes of the Soviet Union, while a veteran of the unit was given the Gold Star Medal as a Hero of Ukraine in 2005.

Commanders[edit]

  • Major-general Sergei Alekseyevich Kniazkov (1939–1940)
  • Major-general Alexander Ivanovich Pastrevich (1940–1941)
  • Major-general Daniil Grigorevich Egorov (1941–1942)
  • Major-general Stepan Ivanovich Povetkin (1942–1943)
  • Colonel Leonid Vasilyevich Yakovlev (September 1943 – April 1944)
  • Major-general Vasily Mitrofanovich Shatilov (May 1944 – December 1946)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nafizger Collection 939RJAA
  2. ^ A largely symbolic move, as the building had not been the seat of German power since the 1933 Reichstag fire
  3. ^ a b Merzlyakov, Roman (23 April 2016). "Боевое соединение на юге России назовут в честь покорителей Рейхстага" [Military forces in the south of Russia will be named for the conquerors of the Reichstag]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Источник: новое соединение на юге РФ получит имя дивизии, бравшей Рейхстаг" [Source: A New Unit in South Russia will received the name of the division that took the Reichstag]. TASS (in Russian). 23 April 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 

Sources[edit]