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This article is about the year 1511. For the number, see 1511 (number).
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1480s 1490s 1500s – 1510s – 1520s 1530s 1540s|
|Years:||1508 1509 1510 – 1511 – 1512 1513 1514|
|1511 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2264|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 8 – 3 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4207 or 4147
— to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4208 or 4148
|- Vikram Samvat||1567–1568|
|- Shaka Samvat||1433–1434|
|- Kali Yuga||4612–4613|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 8
|Minguo calendar||401 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2053–2054|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1511.|
- April 9
- July – Henry VIII of England's flagship, the Mary Rose, is launched at Portsmouth.
- August 15 – Capture of Malacca: Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca, giving Portugal control over the Strait of Malacca, through which all sea-going trade between China and India is concentrated. The Sultanate then establishes rule from Johor, starting decades of skirmishes against the Portuguese to regain the fallen city. While taking the city, the Portuguese slaughter a large community of Chinese merchants living there. Malacca is the first city in Southeast Asia to be taken by a Western nation, gaining home rule only in 1957 when it becomes part of Malaysia.
- October 12 – James IV of Scotland's great ship, the Michael, is launched at Newhaven, Edinburgh.
- November – The Treaty of Westminster creates an alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon against France.
- November 20 – Sinking of the vessel Frol de la Mar transporting Afonso de Albuquerque and the valuable treasure of the conquest of Malacca en route to Goa.
- Diego Velázquez and Hernán Cortés conquer Cuba; Velázquez is appointed Governor.
- Duarte Barbosa arrives in India for the second time. He works as clerk in the factory of Cananor and as the liaison with the Indian rajah.
- Ferdinand II of Aragon observes that "one black can do the work of four Indians".
- Juan de Agramonte, a sailor from Spain, is thought possibly to have travelled to Newfoundland.
- Taíno, an indigenous uprising occurs in southwestern Puerto Rico near Guánica.
- The first black slaves arrive in Colombia.
- The Spanish conquest of Yucatán begins.
- Erasmus publishes his most famous work, The Praise of Folly, as Moriae encomium / Laus stultitiae.
- January 1 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall, eldest son of Henry VIII of England
- April 5 – John III, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken, German noble (d. 1574)
- June 4 – Honorat II of Savoy, French Navy admiral (d. 1580)
- June 6 – Jakob Schegk, German physician (d. 1587)
- June 18 – Bartolomeo Ammannati, Florentine architect and sculptor (d. 1592)
- July 9 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, consort of Christian III from 1525 and Queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
- July 30 – Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (d. 1574)
- August 24 – Jean Bauhin, French physician (d. 1582)
- September 29 – Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian (d. 1553)
- October 22 – Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1553)
- November 8 – Paul Eber, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1569)
- November 15 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (d. 1536)
- date unknown
- Amato Lusitano, Portuguese Jewish physician (d. 1568)
- Kimotsuki Kanetsugu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1566)
- Luís de Velasco, Spanish viceroy of New Spain (d. 1564)
- Nicola Vicentino, Italian music theorist and composer (d. 1576)
- Nicholas Bobadilla, one of the first Jesuits (d. 1590)
- Pierre Viret, Swiss reformed theologian (d. 1571)
- Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta, Spanish cardinal (d. 1575)
- January 9 – Demetrios Chalkokondyles, Greek classical scholar (b. 1424)
- February 11 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall, eldest son of Henry VIII of England
- June 6 – Ahmad ibn Abi Jum'ah, Islamic scholar, author of the Oran fatwa
- July 2 – Şahkulu, leader of the Şahkulu Rebellion
- August 2 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader (b. c. 1466)
- September 6 – Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1481)
- October 18 – Philippe de Commines, French-speaking Fleming in the courts of Burgundy and France (b. 1447)
- date unknown
- probable – Antoine de Févin, French composer (b. c. 1470)