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This article is about the year 1518.
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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1480s 1490s 1500s – 1510s – 1520s 1530s 1540s|
|Years:||1515 1516 1517 – 1518 – 1519 1520 1521|
|1518 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2271|
|English Regnal year||9 Hen. 8 – 10 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4214 or 4154
— to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4215 or 4155
|- Vikram Samvat||1574–1575|
|- Shaka Samvat||1439–1440|
|- Kali Yuga||4618–4619|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 15
|Minguo calendar||394 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2060–2061|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1518.|
- July – Dancing Plague of 1518, a case of dancing mania in Strasbourg in which many people die from constant dancing.
- August – Construction of the Manchester Grammar School is completed in England.
- October 3 – The Treaty of London temporarily ensures peace in Western Europe.
- A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola.
- Erasmus publishes his Colloquies.
- Henricus Grammateus publishes Ayn neu Kunstlich Buech in Vienna, containing the earliest printed use of plus and minus signs for arithmetic.
- The African slave trade begins.
- February 2
- February 7 – Johann Funck, German theologian (d. 1566)
- February 13 – Antonín Brus z Mohelnice, Moravian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1580)
- February 20 – Georg, Count Palatine of Simmern-Sponheim, (d. 1569)
- February 21 – John of Denmark, Danish prince (d. 1532)
- February 28 – Francis III, Duke of Brittany, Duke of Brittany (d. 1536)
- March 8 – Sidonie of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg (d. 1575)
- April 22 – Antoine de Bourbon, father of Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
- July 3 – Li Shizhen, Chinese physician, pharmacologist and mineralogist (d. 1593)
- August 8 – Conrad Lycosthenes, humanist and encyclopedist (d. 1561)
- September 29 – Tintoretto, Italian painter (d. 1594)
- October 26 – John Basset, Devonshire gentleman (d. 1541)
- November 26 – Guido Ascanio Sforza di Santa Fiora, Catholic cardinal (d. 1564)
- December 13 – Clara of Saxe-Lauenburg, Princess of Saxe-Lauenburg and Duchess of Brunswick-Gifhorn by marriage (d. 1576)
- December 17 – Ernest III, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (d. 1567)
- December 19 – Enrique de Borja y Aragón, Spanish noble of the House of Borgia (d. 1540)
- date unknown
- possible – Catherine Howard, fifth queen consort of Henry VIII of England (born in between 1518 and 1524; d. 1542)
- August 16 – Loyset Compère, French composer (b. c. 1445)
- August 27 – Joan of Naples, queen consort of Naples (b. 1478)
- November 20
- November 24 – Vannozza dei Cattanei, mistress of Pope Alexander VI (b. 1442)
- December 5 – Gian Giacomo Trivulzio, military commander (b. c. 1440)
- December 27 – Mahmood Shah Bahmani II, sultan of the Bahmani Sultanate (b. c. 1470)
- date unknown
- Miller, J. et al. "Earliest Uses of Symbols of Operation" after Cajori, F. A History of Mathematical Notations.