1520s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1521 in England)
|1520s in England:|
|1500s | 1510s | 1520s | 1530s | 1540s|
Events from the 1520s in England.
Monarch - Henry VIII
- 17 May - Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason.
- 25 September - Secret Treaty of Bruges signed by Emperor Charles V and Cardinal Wolsey agreeing to declare war on France in 1523.
- 11 October - Pope Leo X bestows Henry VIII with the title Defender of the Faith for his work Assertio Septem Sacramentorum (The Assertion of the Seven Sacraments) attacking the teachings of Martin Luther.
- Late May - England presents an ultimatum to France and Scotland.
- 19 June - Charles V visits England for six weeks and signs the Treaty of Windsor pledging a joint invasion of France, bringing England into the Italian War of 1521–1526. Henry VIII has the Round Table at Winchester Castle repainted with his own image for the visit.
- July - The English army attacks Brittany and Picardy from Calais, burning and looting the countryside.
- April - Thomas More elected Speaker of the House of Commons.
- Thomas Howard raids Scotland, sacking Kelso and Jedburgh.
- Anthony Fitzherbert publishes Diversité de courtz et leur jurisdictions, The Boke of Surveyinge and Improvements and The Boke of Husbandrie (the first work on agriculture published in England).
- June - The Amicable Loan, a form of poll tax imposed without the consent of Parliament, abandoned.
- 16 June - Henry VIII creates his 6-year old illegitimate son Henry Fitzroy Duke of Richmond and Somerset.
- July - Wolsey founds Cardinal College, Oxford.
- 14 August - Peace is agreed between England and France.
- 24–25 December - English Reformation: Robert Barnes preaches an openly evangelical sermon at the church of St Edward King and Martyr, Cambridge, accusing the Catholic Church of heresy.
- The New Testament translated into English by William Tyndale.
- Hops first cultivated in Kent.
- The first of several debasements of coinage, reducing the size of silver coins, and raising the value of the gold sovereign.
- William Tyndale's English translation of the Bible, printed in Germany, reaches England. In October, Cuthbert Tunstall, Bishop of London, attempts to collect all the copies in his diocese and burn them.
- German artist Hans Holbein the Younger begins a two-year stay in England.
- 30 April - By the Treaty of Westminster, Cardinal Wolsey signs an alliance between England and France.
- 17 May - Archbishop William Warham holds a secret inquiry into the legality of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
- Bishop Vesey's Grammar School, Sutton Coldfield, is founded by Bishop John Vesey; and Sir George Monoux College, Walthamstow, is founded as a grammar school by Sir George Monoux, draper and Lord Mayor of London.
- 22 January - Henry VIII and Francis I of France declare war on Emperor Charles V.
- March - Trade suspended between England and the Netherlands because of the war with the Holy Roman Empire.
- June - Unrest in England caused by economic difficulties due to the war forces the government to seek a truce with the Empire.
- June? - Cardinal Wolsey gives Henry the lease of Hampton Court Palace.
- July - Major outbreak of sweating sickness in London.
- 2 October - William Tyndale's The Obedience of a Christian Man (The Obedience of a Christen man, and how Christen rulers ought to govern) is printed in Antwerp for clandestine distribution in England.
- St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, completed.
- The King's School, Ipswich, is founded by Cardinal Wolsey.
- May to July - Wolsey presides over a legatine court at Blackfriars, London to rule on the legality of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
- 27 August - Henry VIII accedes to the Treaty of Cambrai.
- 26 October - Cardinal Wolsey falls from power due to his failure to prevent Habsburg expansion in Europe and obtain a divorce for Henry VIII. Thomas More succeeds him as Lord Chancellor.
- 4 November–17 December - First sitting of the Reformation Parliament.
- Aylesbury is made the county town of Buckinghamshire by the King.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 204–210. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 142–145. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Hackett, Francis (1937). Francis the First. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. p. 253.
- Public Record Office (1870). Letters and Papers, Foreign & Domestic, of the reign of Henry VIII. VI. p. 339. Noted by Wilson (1999) p. 31f and by other writers.