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This article is about the year 1522.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1490s 1500s 1510s – 1520s – 1530s 1540s 1550s|
|Years:||1519 1520 1521 – 1522 – 1523 1524 1525|
|1522 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2275|
|English Regnal year||13 Hen. 8 – 14 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4218 or 4158
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4219 or 4159
|- Vikram Samvat||1578–1579|
|- Shaka Samvat||1443–1444|
|- Kali Yuga||4622–4623|
|Japanese calendar||Daiei 2
|Minguo calendar||390 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2064–2065|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1522.|
- January 9 – Pope Adrian VI (born Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens, Dedens or Dedel; Hadrianus in Latin) succeeds Pope Leo X as the 218th pope. The only Dutch pope, he will be the last non-Italian elected for more than 450 years.
- April 27 – Battle of Bicocca: French and Swiss forces under Odet de Lautrec are defeated by the Spanish in their attempt to retake Milan, and are forced to withdraw into Venetian territory.
- May – England presents an ultimatum to France and Scotland.
- June 19 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor visits King Henry VIII of England and signs the Treaty of Windsor pledging a joint invasion of France, bringing England into the Italian War of 1521–1526.
- July – The English army attacks Brittany and Picardy from Calais, burning and looting the countryside.
- July 28 – Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I begins his siege of the Knights of St. John in Rhodes.
- September 6 – The Vittoria, one of the surviving ships of Ferdinand Magellan's expedition, returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain under the command of Juan Sebastián Elcano, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
- September – Luther Bible: Martin Luther's translation of the Bible's New Testament into Early New High German from Greek, Das newe Testament Deutzsch, is published in Germany, selling thousands in the first few weeks.
- December 18 – The Turks finally break into Rhodes, but the Knights continue fierce resistance in the streets.
- December 20 – Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually re-settle on Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.
- The Diet of Nuremberg is held.
- The Knights' Revolt erupts in Germany.
- Costa Rica is named by the Spanish colonizer Gil González Dávila when he finds copious quantities of gold in Pacific beaches.
- The third edition of Erasmus's Greek Textus Receptus of the Bible is published.
- Chinese Ming Dynasty records indicate that the War Ministry official He Ru is the first to acquire the Portuguese breech-loading culverin, while copies of them are made by two Westernized Chinese at Beijing, Yang San (Pedro Yang) and Dai Ming.
- Some believe that Australia is sighted by a Portuguese expedition led by Cristóvão de Mendonça who maps the continent and names it Jave la Grande ("The Greater Java").
- January 22 – Charles II de Valois, Duke of Orléans, (d. 1545)
- February 2
- March 10 – Miyoshi Nagayoshi, Samurai and daimyo (d. 1564)
- March 21 – Mihrimah Sultan, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1578)
- March 22 – Daniel Brendel von Homburg, Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1588)
- March 28 – Albert the Warlike, German prince (d. 1557)
- April 23 – Catherine of Ricci, Italian prioress (d. 1590)
- May 24 – John Jewel, English bishop (d. 1571)
- June 1 – Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, Dutch writer and scholar (d. 1590)
- July 13 – Sophia Jagiellon, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1575)
- July 25 – Anna of Lorraine (d. 1568)
- July 31 – Charles II de Croÿ, Belgian duke (d. 1551)
- August 4 – Udai Singh II, King of Mewar (d. 1572)
- August 28 – Severinus of Saxony, Prince of Saxony; died young (d. 1533)
- September 11 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian naturalist (d. 1605)
- October 4 – Gabriele Paleotti, Catholic cardinal (d. 1597)
- October 14 – Lucas Maius, Lutheran Reformation pastor, theologian and playwright (d. 1598)
- November 1 – Andrew Corbet, English landowner and politician (d. 1578)
- November 4 – Albert de Gondi, Marshal of France (d. 1602)
- November 9 – Martin Chemnitz, Lutheran reformer (d. 1586)
- November 18 – Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (d. 1568)
- December 16 – Honoré I, Lord of Monaco (d. 1581)
- December 28 – Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1568)
- date unknown
- February 25 – William Lilye, English classical scholar (b. c. 1468)
- April – Queen Eleni of Ethiopia
- April 6 – Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English nobleman (b. 1479)
- June 25 – Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (b. 1451)
- June 30 – Johann Reuchlin, German humanist and Hebrew scholar (b. 1455)
- September – Gavin Douglas, Scottish poet and bishop (b. c. 1474)
- October 30 – Jean Mouton, French composer (b. c. 1459)
- November 14 – Anne of France, Princess and Regent of France (b. 1461)
- date unknown – Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, Italian painter (b. 1440)
- Collier's Encyclopedia
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 142–145. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 204–210. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Hackett, Francis (1937). Francis the First. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. p. 253.