152 mm howitzer M1910
|152 mm howitzer Model 1910 Schneider|
152 mm howitzer Model 1910 Schneider displayed in Hämeenlinna Artillery Museum.
|Type||Heavy field howitzer|
|Place of origin||France|
|Used by||Russian Empire
|Wars||World War I, Russian Civil War, Russo-Polish War|
|Designer||Schneider et Cie|
|Manufacturer||Schneider et Cie, Putilov, Perm|
|Weight||2,250 kilograms (4,960 lb)|
|Barrel length||about 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|Shell||separate-loading cased charge|
|Shell weight||43.5 kilograms (96 lb)|
|Caliber||152.4 millimetres (6.00 in)|
|Elevation||-1° to +42°|
|Muzzle velocity||335 metres per second (1,100 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||8,700 metres (9,500 yd)|
The 152 mm howitzer Model 1910 Schneider or, more properly, 6 dm polevaja gaubitsa sistemy Schneidera as it was designated in Tsarist times, was a French howitzer designed by Schneider et Cie. It was used by the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union during World War I, the Russo-Polish War and the Russian Civil War. Finland captured nine during the Finnish Civil War, but didn't use them during that conflict. They did see combat during the Winter War and the Continuation War.
The 152 mm howitzer Model 1910 Schneider was a conventional design for its time. It used a box carriage with wooden wheels, a gun shield to protect the crew and a hydro-pneumatic recoil system mounted under the barrel. It used an interrupted-screw breech with separate-loading ammunition; the shell being loaded first followed by the proper amount of propellant in a brass cartridge case.
History and use
Schneider designed the howitzer to meet an Imperial Russian specification and it was accepted as the Model 1910 Schneider to distinguish it from the Krupp design also bought that same year. It was manufactured by the Putilov Factory and the Perm Artillery Factory. It was used on the Eastern Front during World War I and fought in the Russo-Polish War and the Russian Civil War. Surviving examples were upgraded in the Thirties with a new carriage with pneumatic tires as the 152 mm gaubitsa obr. 1910/30.
Finnish weapons were used for training before the Winter War began, but were issued to Heavy Artillery Battalion 4 during the war. During the Continuation War they served with Heavy Artillery Battalion 30 although they were withdrawn relatively quickly because they were worn out and stored until 1966 against future need.
When World War I broke out this was the most modern howitzer design that France had available so it was rebarreled in 155 mm (6.1 in), the standard French caliber, mounted on the carriage and recoil system of the Canon de 105 modèle 1913, which was itself modified from the carriage of the Russian 152 mm howitzer Model 1910. It was accepted into service in 1915 as the Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 Schneider
Weapons of comparable role, performance and era
- BL 6-inch 30 cwt howitzer : British equivalent
- Rimailho Model 1904TR : French equivalent
- 15 cm sFH 02 : German equivalent
- 6-inch howitzer M1908 : approximate US equivalent
- "ARTILLERY PART 6: Heavy Howitzers (150 mm - 155 mm)". 5 May 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
- Hogg, pp. 93-4
- Hogg, Ian V. (1998). Allied Artillery of World War One. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press. ISBN 1-86126-104-7.
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