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Millennium: 2nd millennium
September 9: The Siege of Eger begins.
1552 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1552
Ab urbe condita2305
Armenian calendar1001
Assyrian calendar6302
Balinese saka calendar1473–1474
Bengali calendar959
Berber calendar2502
English Regnal yearEdw. 6 – 6 Edw. 6
Buddhist calendar2096
Burmese calendar914
Byzantine calendar7060–7061
Chinese calendar辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4249 or 4042
    — to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4250 or 4043
Coptic calendar1268–1269
Discordian calendar2718
Ethiopian calendar1544–1545
Hebrew calendar5312–5313
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1608–1609
 - Shaka Samvat1473–1474
 - Kali Yuga4652–4653
Holocene calendar11552
Igbo calendar552–553
Iranian calendar930–931
Islamic calendar958–960
Japanese calendarTenbun 21
Javanese calendar1470–1471
Julian calendar1552
Korean calendar3885
Minguo calendar360 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar84
Thai solar calendar2094–2095
Tibetan calendar阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
1678 or 1297 or 525
    — to —
(male Water-Rat)
1679 or 1298 or 526

Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


Bartolomeo Eustachi completes his Tabulae anatomicae.





Date unknown[edit]

  • Miguel de Buría leads the first African rebellion in South America's history. This may be because Buría has more slaves than other regions in Venezuela, of which most join Miguel, and is still being contested between the Europeans and the natives, who also join his side. During this insurrection he takes over the Gold mines de San Felipe de Buría, established within the area with the consent of the Spanish Crown, to pull out the ore that was discovered in the Buria river, a task that heavily depends on slave work.
  • In the Persian Gulf, the Ottoman Empire Red Sea Fleet attacks the Portuguese stronghold of Hormuz, but fails to capture it.[10]
  • In Italy, Bartolomeo Eustachi completes his Tabulae anatomicae, presenting his discoveries on the structure of the inner ear and heart,[11] although, for fear of the Inquisition, it will not be published until 1714.
  • King Edward VI of England founds 35 grammar schools by royal charter,[12] including Shrewsbury; Leeds Grammar School is also established.


Walter Raleigh
Rudolph II
Vasili IV of Russia
Matteo Ricci
Simón de Rojas


Henry of the Palatinate
Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg
Saint Francis Xavier


  1. ^ Robert Balmain Mowat (1971). A History of European Diplomacy, 1451–1789. Archon Books. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-208-01021-6.
  2. ^ Geoffrey Parker, Emperor: A New Life of Charles V (Yale University Press, 2019)
  3. ^ "Timeline of the construction of Metz Cathedral, from 14th to 16th century" (VIDEO). Archived from the original on December 19, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  4. ^ Ernst Wilhelm Möller, History of the Christian Church: A.D. 1517-1648, Reformation and Counter-reformation (S. Sonnenschein & Company, 1900) p.240
  5. ^ John S. C. Abbott, Austria : Its Rise and Present Power (P. F. Collier and Son, 1902) p.132
  6. ^ Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). Vol. 2 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing. p. 210.
  7. ^ Further Selections from the Tragic History of the Sea, 1559-1565: Narratives of the Shipwrecks of the Portuguese East Indiamen (Taylor & Francis, 2017)
  8. ^ Hardwick, Charles (1851). A History of the Articles of Religion. Cambridge: John Deighton. pp. 74–79.
  9. ^ War and Peace in the Religious Conflicts of the Long Sixteenth Century (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2022) pp.47-48
  10. ^ Fierro, Maribel, ed. (2010). "Chronology". The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 2: The Western Islamic World, Eleventh to Eighteenth Centuries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. xxxiii. ISBN 978-0-521-83957-0. Failed Ottoman attempt to conquer Hormuz.
  11. ^ Grun, Bernard (1991). the Timetables of History (3rd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 245. ISBN 0-671-74919-6.
  12. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 218–223. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  13. ^ Nicholls, Mark; Williams, Penry (September 17, 2004). "Ralegh, Sir Walter (1554–1618)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23039. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  14. ^ St James Press; Anthony Levi; Retired Professor of French Anthony Levi (1992). Guide to French Literature: Beginnings to 1789. St. James Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-55862-159-6.
  15. ^ "Rudolf II | Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  16. ^ Campbell, Gordon (January 1, 2005). "Bertaut, Jean". The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780198601753.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-860175-3. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  17. ^ John Leland; John Chandler (1998). John Leland's Itinerary: Travels in Tudor England. Sutton Pub. p. xvi. ISBN 978-0-7509-1751-3.
  18. ^ Olof G. Lidin (2003). Tanegashima – The Arrival of Europe in Japan. Routledge. p. 186. ISBN 978-1-135-78871-1.