1556 Wingolfia

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1556 Wingolfia
Discovery [1]
Discovered byK. Reinmuth
Discovery siteHeidelberg Obs.
Discovery date14 January 1942
MPC designation(1556) Wingolfia
Named after
Wingolf (student fraternity)[2]
1942 AA · 1973 AQ2
main-belt · (outer)[1][3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc75.20 yr (27,468 days)
Aphelion3.7979 AU
Perihelion3.0531 AU
3.4255 AU
6.34 yr (2,316 days)
0° 9m 19.8s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions28.65±2.2 km[4]
33.88±2.12 km[5]
10 h[6]
Tholen = XC [1]
X[7] · M[3][6]
B–V = 0.708 [1]
U–B = 0.202 [1]
10.55[1][3][4][5] · 10.66±0.38[7]

1556 Wingolfia, provisional designation 1942 AA, is a metallic asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 30 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg-Königstuhl State Observatory on 14 January 1942.[8] The asteroid was named after Wingolf, a student fraternity in Heidelberg.

Orbit and classification[edit]

Wingolfia is a non-family asteroid from the background population of the asteroids belt. It orbits the Sun in the outer main belt at a distance of 3.1–3.8 AU once every 6 years and 4 months (2,316 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.11 and an inclination of 16° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins at Heidelberg with its official discovery observation in January 1942.[8]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the Tholen classification, Wingolfia has an ambiguous spectral type, similar to the X-types (which includes the M-type asteroids) with some resemblance to the carbonaceous C-types.[1] It has also been characterized as an M- and X-type, by direct photometric observations and by PanSTARRS photometric survey, respectively.[6][7] The Lightcurve Data Base adopts an M-type.[3]

Rotation period[edit]

In October 1990, a rotational lightcurve of Wingolfia was obtained from photometric observations by Italian astronomers at ESO's La Silla Observatory using the ESO 1-metre telescope. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 10 hours with a brightness variation of 0.15 magnitude (U=2).[6]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS and the Japanese Akari satellite, Wingolfia measures 28.65 and 33.88 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.093 and 0.1297, respectively.[4][5] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link adopts the results obtained by IRAS. All diameter measurements are based on an absolute magnitude of 10.55.[3]


This minor planet was named by the discoverer after Wingolf, which is one of Germany's long-standing Christian student fraternity in Heidelberg, that was prohibited during Nazi Germany, and reinstalled after WWII. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center in May 1955 (M.P.C. 1221).[9] The asteroid's name was announced on 17 June 1955, during the celebration of the fraternity's 104th anniversary. The discoverer's original citation reads:

Dem Kleinen Planeten (1556) 1942 AA gebe ich den Namen "Wingolfia" zu Ehren der alten, christlichen, in der Hitlerzeit verbotenen und nach dem 2. Weltkriege wieder erstandenen Heidelberger Studentenverbindung "Wingolf", aus Anlass ihres 104. Stiftungsfestes am 17. Juni 1955.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1556 Wingolfia (1942 AA)" (2017-03-29 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1556) Wingolfia". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1556) Wingolfia. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 123. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1557. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e "LCDB Data for (1556) Wingolfia". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System – IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 17 October 2019. (online, AcuA catalog p. 153)
  6. ^ a b c d Dotto, E.; Barucci, M. A.; Fulchignoni, M.; di Martino, M.; Rotundi, A.; Burchi, R.; et al. (October 1992). "M-type asteroids - Rotational properties of 16 objects". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series. 95 (2): 195–211. Bibcode:1992A&AS...95..195D. ISSN 0365-0138. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b "1556 Wingolfia (1942 AA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  9. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. "Appendix – Publication Dates of the MPCs". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – Addendum to Fifth Edition (2006–2008). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 221. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-01965-4. ISBN 978-3-642-01964-7.

External links[edit]