156 Xanthippe

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156 Xanthippe
Discovery[1]
Discovered by Johann Palisa
Discovery date 22 November 1875
Designations
1936 FG1, 1942 RP, 1949 BN, A901 SA, A902 VA
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[2][3]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 114.52 yr (41828 d)
Aphelion 3.34678 AU (500.671 Gm)
Perihelion 2.10673 AU (315.162 Gm)
2.72675 AU (407.916 Gm)
Eccentricity 0.22738
4.50 yr (1644.6 d)
17.80 km/s
262.802°
0° 13m 8.022s / day
Inclination 9.77921°
241.845°
338.430°
Earth MOID 1.1012 AU (164.74 Gm)
Jupiter MOID 1.6659 AU (249.22 Gm)
Jupiter Tisserand parameter 3.298
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 120.99±2.5 km[2]
116.34 ± 4.14 km[4]
Mass (6.49 ± 3.71) × 1018 kg[4]
Mean density
7.86 ± 4.57 g/cm3[4]
Equatorial surface gravity
0.0338 m/s²
Equatorial escape velocity
0.0640 km/s
22.37 h (0.932 d)
22.37 hours
0.0422±0.002[2]
0.0687 ± 0.0152[5]
Temperature ~168 K
C[5] (Tholen)
8.64,[2] 8.310[5]

156 Xanthippe is a large, dark main-belt asteroid that was discovered by Austrian astronomer J. Palisa on November 22, 1875. It is named after Xanthippe, the wife of the Greek philosopher Socrates.

Photometric observations of this asteroid at the European Southern Observatory in La Silla, Chile during 1981 gave a light curve with a period of 22.5 hours.[6] Based upon its spectrum this is classified as a C-type asteroid,[5] indicating that it likely has a carbonaceous composition. The estimated size of this object is 116 km.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c d Yeomans, Donald K., "156 Xanthippe", JPL Small-Body Database Browser, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "The Asteroid Orbital Elements Database". astorb. Lowell Observatory. 
  4. ^ a b c d Carry, B. (December 2012), "Density of asteroids", Planetary and Space Science, 73, pp. 98–118, arXiv:1203.4336free to read, Bibcode:2012P&SS...73...98C, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2012.03.009.  See Table 1.
  5. ^ a b c d Pravec, P.; et al. (May 2012), "Absolute Magnitudes of Asteroids and a Revision of Asteroid Albedo Estimates from WISE Thermal Observations", Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2012, Proceedings of the conference held May 16–20, 2012 in Niigata, Japan (1667), Bibcode:2012LPICo1667.6089P.  See Table 4.
  6. ^ Debehogne, H.; et al. (April 1982), "Photoelectric photometry of three dark asteroids", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 108 (1), pp. 197–200, Bibcode:1982A&A...108..197D. 

External links[edit]