1570s in England
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Events from the 1570s in England.
Monarch - Elizabeth I
- 25 February - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the papal bull Regnans in Excelsis.
- Florentine banker Roberto di Ridolfi devises the Ridolfi plot to assassinate Elizabeth and replace her with the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots.
- Whitechapel Bell Foundry known to be in existence in London. By the early 21st century it will be the oldest manufacturing company in Great Britain.
- The home and library of John Dee at Mortlake begin to serve as an informal prototype English academy for gentlemen with scientific interests.
- During this decade, Humphrey Gilbert produces his proposal for The erection of an achademy in London for educacion of her Maiestes wardes, and others the youth of nobility and gentlemen [sic].
- Approximate date – Thomas Tallis composes his 40-part motet Spem in alium.
- 23 January - The Royal Exchange officially opened by Queen Elizabeth.
- April - Treason Act forbids criticism of the monarchy.
- May - All papal bulls declared treasonable by Act of Parliament.
- 25 June - Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Horncastle, is founded in Lincolnshire.
- 27 June - Establishment of Jesus College "within the City and University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth's foundation" by Welsh cleric and lawyer Hugh Price.
- 25 July - The Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth of the Parishioners of the Parish of Saint Olave in the County of Surrey is established in Tooley Street, London.
- 29 August - Ridolfi plot discovered. On 7 September Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is arrested for his part in the conspiracy.
- The first Pro forma bill is introduced, symbolising Parliament's authority over its own affairs.
- 2 June - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is executed for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
- 11 July - Humphrey Gilbert leads 1500 English volunteers on an expedition to assist the Dutch Sea Beggars in their struggle against Spanish Habsburg rule.
- Vagabonds Act prescribes punishment for rogues. This includes actors' companies lacking formal patronage.
- Harrow School founded.
- Publication of a revised version of the Bishops' Bible.
- March - Spain opens the port of Antwerp to English traders, in return for Queen Elizabeth agreeing to stop aiding Dutch rebels against Spanish rule.
- 7 July - Raid of the Redeswire: Sir John Carmichael of Scotland defeats Sir John Forster of England in a border skirmish which will be the last battle between the two kingdoms.
- 26 July - Edmund Grindal succeeds Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- 14 November - Elizabeth declines an offer of rule over the Netherlands.
- Christopher Saxton publishes his County Atlas of England and Wales.
- William Byrd and Thomas Tallis are granted a royal monopoly for the publication of most types of music.
- 8 February - Peter Wentworth is imprisoned for speaking in Parliament against royal interference in its affairs.
- 11 August - Explorer Martin Frobisher discovers Frobisher Bay whilst searching for the Northwest Passage.
- December - James Burbage opens London's second permanent public playhouse (and the first to have a substantial life), The Theatre, in Shoreditch.
- The following schools are founded in Kent:
- William Lambarde's Perambulation of Kent (completed 1570) is published, first of the English county histories.
- Composer Thomas Whythorne writes a Booke of songs and sonetts with longe discourses sett with them, an early example of autobiographical writing in English.
- June - Edmund Grindal suspended for refusing to suppress Puritanism.
- 6 July - 'Black Assize' in Oxford results in an outbreak of epidemic typhus killing around three hundred in the city.
- 29 November - Seminary priest Cuthbert Mayne executed for treason.
- 13 December - Francis Drake leaves Plymouth aboard the Pelican with four other ships and 164 men on an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas which will become a circumnavigation.
- 17 June - Drake claims New Albion on the Pacific coast of North America for England.
- The English College for the training of Roman Catholic priests is established in Rome.
- Eastland Company chartered to trade with Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea states.
- Publication of Edmund Spenser's poetry The Shepheardes Calender.
- 22 January - Robert Bruce Cotton, politician (died 1631)
- 13 April - Guy Fawkes, conspirator (died 1606)
- 28 November - James Whitelocke, judge (died 1632)
- John Cooper, composer and lutenist (died 1626)
- John Farmer, composer (died 1601)
- Simon Grahame, Scottish-born adventurer (died 1614)
- John Smyth, Baptist minister (died 1612)
- 5 March - William Oughtred, mathematician (died 1660)
- 14 August - Robert Hayman, poet (died 1629)
- Edmund Bolton, historian and poet (died 1633)
- Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, successful London merchant (died 1645)
- William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle (died 1622)
- Arbella Stuart, Duchess of Somerset (died 1615)
- Cyril Tourneur, dramatist (died 1626)
- October - Thomas Weelkes, composer and organist (died 1626)
- 7 October - John Marston, writer (died 1634)
- 12 October - Thomas Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (died 1652)
- William Ames, Protestant philosopher (died 1633)
- Possible date - John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony (died 1621)
- 8 February - Robert Burton, scholar (died 1640)
- 9 July - Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, governor of Virginia (died 1618)
- 11 August (bapt.) - Barnaby Potter, Bishop of Carlisle (died 1642)
- 20 November (bapt.) - Samuel Purchas, travel writer (died 1626)
- Robert Cushman, Plymouth Colony settler (died 1625)
- William Noy, lawyer and politician (died 1634)
- 2 March - George Sandys, traveller (died 1644)
- 1 April - William Harvey, physician (died 1657)
- 16 May - Everard Digby, conspirator (died 1606)
- Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, lawyer (died 1640)
- Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland (died 1632)
- Ambrose Rookwood, Gunpowder Plot conspirator (died 1606)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "500 Years of History". Whitechapel Bell Foundry. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- French, Peter J. John Dee. pp. 60,171–2.
- "Chambers' Book of Days, January 23rd". Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 156–159. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Hibbert, Christopher, ed. (1988). The Encyclopædia of Oxford. London: Macmillan. p. 198. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
- "The Library of Parliament's research tool for finding information on legislation". Library of Parliament. 2010-01-28. Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 226–229. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Tyerman, Christopher (2000). A History of Harrow School. Oxford University Press. pp. 8–17. ISBN 0-19-822796-5.
- The Nuttall Encyclopædia. 1907.