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This article is about the year 1575.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1572 1573 1574 – 1575 – 1576 1577 1578|
|1575 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2328|
|English Regnal year||17 Eliz. 1 – 18 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4271 or 4211
— to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4272 or 4212
|- Vikram Samvat||1631–1632|
|- Shaka Samvat||1497–1498|
|- Kali Yuga||4676–4677|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 3
|Minguo calendar||337 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2117–2118|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1575.|
- January 21 – Queen Elizabeth I of England grants a monopoly on producing printed sheet music to Thomas Tallis and William Byrd.
- February 8 – William I of Orange founds Leiden University.
- February 13 – Henry III of France is crowned at Reims.
- February 14 – Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.
- June 24 – William I of Orange marries Charlotte of Bourbon.
- June 28 – Battle of Nagashino: Oda Nobunaga defeats Takeda Katsuyori in Japan's first 'modern' battle.
- July 7 – Raid of the Redeswire: Sir John Carmichael defeats Sir John Forster. Last battle between England and Scotland.
- July 26 – Edmund Grindal succeeds Matthew Parker as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- August 5 – Henry Sidney is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
- October 10 – Battle of Dormans: Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
- October 22 – City of "Villa de la Asunsion" (today Aguascalientes (Aguascalientes) is founded in New Spain by permission from Philip II of Spain.
- December 15 – Stephen Báthory becomes king of Poland.
- December 16 – Valdivia earthquake.
- Russians occupy Pernau in Western Estonia and the fortress of Weissenstein.
- Portugal founds the city of Luanda, Angola.
- Seat of the Audiencia Real in Chile moves from Concepción to Santiago.
- Abraham Ortelius becomes geographer to Philip II of Spain.
- The bubonic plague decimates Venice.
- Gaspar da Cruz, a Portuguese Dominican friar, writes about his travels to the Ming Dynasty of China, including the Chinese civil service handbook The Bureaucratic System of the Ming Dynasty, and how the Chinese draw lots to determine which days of the year are most auspicious or most ill-fated to travel upon.
- January – Elizabeth Cecil, 16th Baroness de Ros (d. 1591)
- February 4 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1629)
- March 5 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (d. 1660)
- May 30 – Diego Salcedo, Spanish bishop (d. 1644)
- August 14 – Robert Hayman, English-born poet (d. 1629)
- November 4 – Guido Reni, Italian painter (d. 1642)
- date unknown
- Jakob Böhme, German mystic (d. 1624)
- David Calderwood, Scottish divine and historian (d. 1650)
- Anna Kostka, Polish noblewoman (d. 1635)
- Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, successful London merchant (d. 1645)
- William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle (d. 1622)
- Arbella Stuart, Duchess of Somerset (d. 1615)
- Cyril Tourneur, English dramatist (d. 1626)
- Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (d. 1608)
- January 22 – James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault (b. 1516)
- February 21 – Claude of Valois, daughter of Henry II of France (b. 1547)
- March 11 – Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (b. 1520)
- March 15 – Annibale Padovano, Italian composer and organist (b. 1527)
- March 24 – Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)
- May 17 – Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1504)
- June 3 – Francisco de Ibarra, Spanish explorer and colonial governor in Mexico (b. c. 1539)
- June 7 – Sir George Heron, keeper of Redesdale, Sir John Forster's lieutenant, who was killed in the Raid of the Redeswire.
- June 28 – Baba Nobufusa, Hara Masatane, Naito Masatoyo, Sanada Nobutsuna, Takeda Nobuzane, Yamagata Masakage, Yonekura Shigetsugu, all in Battle of Nagashino
- July 14 – Richard Taverner, English Bible translator (b. 1505)
- September 17 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (b. 1504)
- October 17 – Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta, Spanish cardinal (b. 1511)
- December 23 – Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese retainer (b. 1531)
- December 31 – Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (b. 1502)
- date unknown
- "Thomas Tallis". Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
- B.W. Ife. "Introduction to Christopher Columbus, Journal of the first voyage". King's College London. Retrieved 22 Aug 2015.