1575 Winifred

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1575 Winifred
Discovery [1]
Discovered by Indiana University
(Indiana Asteroid Program)
Discovery site Goethe Link Obs.
Discovery date 20 April 1950
MPC designation 1575 Winifred
Named after
Winifred Sawtelle
(staff member at USNO)[2]
1950 HH · 1928 HG
1939 GK · 1950 HD1
1977 UH1
main-belt · Phocaea[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 88.33 yr (32,261 days)
Aphelion 2.7988 AU
Perihelion 1.9491 AU
2.3739 AU
Eccentricity 0.1790
3.66 yr (1,336 days)
0° 16m 10.2s / day
Inclination 24.827°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 9.31±1.0 km (IRAS)[4]
9.441±0.131 km[5]
9.45 km (derived)[3]
10.66±0.43 km[7]
125±2 h[8]
129 h[9]
0.3134 (derived)[3]
11.36±1.19[10] · 12.0[1][3][7] · 12.3[5]

1575 Winifred, provisional designation 1950 HH, is a stony Phocaea asteroid and slow rotator from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 9.5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 20 April 1950, by astronomer R. C. Cameron of Indiana University during the Indiana Asteroid Program at Goethe Link Observatory in Indiana, United States.[11]

The stony S-type asteroid is a member of the Phocaea family, a group of asteroids with similar orbital characteristics, named after the family's namesake 25 Phocaea. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.9–2.8 AU once every 3 years and 8 months (1,336 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.18 and an inclination of 25° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] Winifred was first identified as 1928 HG at Johannesburg Observatory in 1928, extending the body's observation arc by 22 years prior to its official discovery observation.[11]

In July 2009, a rotational light-curve was obtained for this asteroid from photometric observations taken by American astronomer Brian D. Warner at his Palmer Divide Observatory in Colorado. It gave a well-defined rotation period of 125±2 hours with an exceptionally high brightness amplitude of 1.20 in magnitude (U=3), and no sign of a non-principal axis rotation (NPAR).[8] The result supersedes a previous observation by French astronomer Laurent Bernasconi from May 2005, that gave a similar, yet less accurate period of 129 hours, and with a smaller amplitude of 0.51 in magnitude (U=1).[9]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite, IRAS, and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Winifred has an albedo of 0.24 to 0.25 and a diameter between 9.3 and 10.7 kilometers,[4][5][6][7] while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives a higher albedo of 0.31 and a diameter of 9.5 kilometers.[3]

The minor planet was named for a staff member of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington D.C., Miss Winifred Sawtell Cameron. The naming was proposed by the discovering astronomer.[2] Naming citation was published before November 1977 (M.P.C. 844).[12]


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1575 Winifred (1950 HH)" (2016-08-15 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1575) Winifred. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 125. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1575) Winifred". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (January 2010). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: 2009 June-September". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 37 (1): 24–27. Bibcode:2010MPBu...37...24W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1575) Winifred". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "1575 Winifred (1950 HH)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 

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