157th Field Artillery Regiment
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|157th Field Artillery Regiment|
Coat of arms
|Branch||United States Army|
|Type||Field Artillery (Parent Regiment under United States Army Regimental System)|
|Part of||169th Field Artillery Brigade (3rd Battalion)|
|Home station||Colorado Springs|
|Motto(s)||"Eager for duty"|
|Colors||Red and Yellow|
|March||Heathens by Twenty One Pilots|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Award|
|John H. Church|
|Distinctive unit insignia (DUI)|
U.S. Infantry Regiments
|156th Infantry Regiment||158th Infantry Regiment|
The 157th Field Artillery Regiment (First Colorado) is a United States Army Regimental System field artillery parent regiment of the United States Army National Guard, represented in the Colorado Army National Guard by the 3rd Battalion, 157th Field Artillery Regiment, part of the 169th Field Artillery Brigade at Colorado Springs.
It was again an infantry regiment of the 45th Infantry Division during and after World War II. In 1950 it was relieved from assignment from the 45th Division and after the Korean War assigned to the artillery. During the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the regiment operated the M110 howitzer. The retirement of the M110 system left many National Guard units without a mission. In 2002, the battalions transitioned to the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, and later in 2009 to the M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) system.
1st and 2nd Battalions (MLRS), 157th Field Artillery Regiment were disbanded in 2006 during the U.S. Army's restructuring from divisional organizations to the modular Brigade Combat Team model. Members from the two battalions were reorganized to form the 3rd Battalion (HIMARS), 157th Field Artillery (3-157 FA), part of the 169th Field Artillery Brigade of the Colorado Army National Guard.
Meanwhile, the 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment was reconstituted, also in the Colorado Army National Guard. The 157th Infantry was constituted on 1 October 2007, and activated on 1 September 2008; it is technically a completely new regiment with no lineage connection to the 157th Field Artillery, though it inherits campaign participation credit and a decoration from Colorado field artillery units. As of 30 October 2016 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment was reassigned to the 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Mountain), Vermont National Guard, itself aligned with the 10th Mountain Division. It was also redesignated as a Mountain Battalion, becoming one of only three Mountain Infantry battalions in the Army National Guard.
Lineage of 157th Field Artillery Regiment
Constituted 8 February 1879 in the Colorado National Guard as the 1st Infantry Battalion.
- Organized 29 December 1881 With Headquarters in Denver
Expanded and redesignated 22 March 1883 as the 1st Regiment Infantry
- Reduced and redesignated 2 April 1889 as the 1st Infantry Battalion
Expanded and redesignated 15 April 1893 as the 1st Infantry Regiment, Colorado National Guard
- Consolidated with the 2nd Infantry Regiment (organized 27 May 1887) and mustered into Federal service 1–8 May 1898 at Denver as the 1st Colorado Volunteer Infantry
Mustered out of Federal Service 8 September 1899 at San Francisco, CA. and reverted to state status as the 1st Infantry Regiment.
- Expanded in 1900 as the 1st and 2nd Infantry.
1st and 2nd Infantry consolidated 15 June 1916 and designated as the 1st Infantry.
- Two battalions mustered into federal service 26 June to 29 July 1916 for service on the Mexican border as the 1st and 2nd separate battalions Colorado Infantry.
Entire Regiment drafted into federal service 5 August 1917
- Reorganized and redesignated 24 September 1917 as the 157th Infantry, an element of the 40th Division.
Consolidated 13 October 1917 with the 1st Colorado Cavalry (organized in 1880) and consolidated unit designated as the 157th Infantry. Demobilized 29 April 1919 at Fort D.A. Russell (Wyoming)
- Former Infantry elements reorganized and redesignated 28 February 1921 in the Colorado National Guard as the 177th Infantry with headquarters federally recognized 26 October 1921 at Denver.
Redesignated 16 November 1921 as the 157th Infantry, an element of the 45th Division. subsequently the 45th Infantry Division.
- Inducted into federal service 16-September 1940 at home stations.
Inactivated 3-December 1945 at Camp Bowie Texas.
- Relieved 10-May 1946 from assignment to the 45th infantry Division.
Reorganized and federally recognized 8 January 1947 with headquarters at Buckley Field (Buckley Air Force Base)
- Location of headquarters changed 3 September 1947 to Denver.
Regiment broken up 1 August 1955 and elements converted and redesignated as follows;
- Headquarters and the 1st Battalion as the 144th Field Artillery Battalion.
- Headquarters company as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 169th Field Artillery Group;
- headquarters and headquarters company, 2nd Battalion and Companies E, K, and L as headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Service Battery, and Batteries A, and B, 142nd Field Artillery Battalion;
- Companies F, and H as Batteries A, and B 137th Field Artillery Battalion;
- Company G as Battery B 168th Field Artillery Battalion;
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company 3rd Battalion, Company M, Medical Company, and Tank Company as Service Battery, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, and Batteries C, and B, 183rd Field Artillery Battalion;
- Company I, and Service Company as Service Battery B 169th Field Artillery Battalion;
- Heavy Mortar Company as Battery A, 188th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion
144th Field Artillery Battalion consolidated 1 February 1959 with the 168th Field Artillery Battalion, the 183rd Field Artillery Battalion, and the 188th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion, and reorganized and redesignated as the 157th Artillery, a parent Regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Howitzer Battalions.
- Reorganized 1 January 1968 to consist of the 1st and 2nd Battalions.
Redesignated 1 March 1972 as the 157th Field Artillery.
Withdrawn 1 June 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.
Distinctive unit insignia
The distinctive unit insignia (DUI) was originally approved for the 157th Infantry Regiment on 12 June 1924. It was subsequently redesignated for the 144th Field Artillery Battalion of the Colorado National Guard on 1 May 1956. The insignia was redesignated for the 157th Artillery Regiment of the Colorado National Guard on 23 March 1961 and then redesignated for the 157th Field Artillery Regiment, Colorado Army National Guard on 28 August 1972.
The DUI is a gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per fess embattled Gules and Or in chief two wigwams of the second garnished of the first and in base a sea horse brandishing a sword in dexter paw of the last. Attached below and to the sides of the shield a Blue scroll inscribed "EAGER FOR DUTY" in Gold letters.
The shield is scarlet and yellow which are the Spanish colors; the parting line embattled in recollection of fortifications. The sea horse of the Philippines recalls that the fortification was the walled city of Manila. The two wigwams recall the Indian service in the frontier days.
Campaign participation credit
- War with Spain;
- Philippine Insurrection;
- Luzon 1899
- World War I;
- World War II;
All of the above WW II Campaign credits were earned as the 157th Infantry Regiment of the 45th Infantry Division.
- French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered ITALY
- Headquarters Battery 2nd Bn. additionally entitled to;
- Headquarters Battery, 1st Bn. and Service Battery 1st Bn. entitled to Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Streamer embroidered ANZIO
Medal of Honor recipients
- McKenney, Janice E. (2010). Field Artillery: Regular Army and Army Reserve, Part 2 (Army Lineage Series) (PDF). CMH Pub 60-11. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History. OCLC 275151269.
- Flint Whitlock The Rock of Anzio: From Sicily to Dachau: A History of the U.S. 45th Infantry Division Westview Press, 1998 ISBN 0-8133-3399-7