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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1580 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1580
Ab urbe condita2333
Armenian calendar1029
Assyrian calendar6330
Balinese saka calendar1501–1502
Bengali calendar987
Berber calendar2530
English Regnal year22 Eliz. 1 – 23 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2124
Burmese calendar942
Byzantine calendar7088–7089
Chinese calendar己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4276 or 4216
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4277 or 4217
Coptic calendar1296–1297
Discordian calendar2746
Ethiopian calendar1572–1573
Hebrew calendar5340–5341
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1636–1637
 - Shaka Samvat1501–1502
 - Kali Yuga4680–4681
Holocene calendar11580
Igbo calendar580–581
Iranian calendar958–959
Islamic calendar987–988
Japanese calendarTenshō 8
Javanese calendar1499–1500
Julian calendar1580
Korean calendar3913
Minguo calendar332 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar112
Thai solar calendar2122–2123
Tibetan calendar阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1706 or 1325 or 553
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
1707 or 1326 or 554

1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1580th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 580th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1580, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was the dominant calendar of the time.


June 25: The Book of Concord is published.



Date unknown[edit]

  • The Billy Mitchell volcano, on the island of Bougainville, undergoes a catastrophic eruption (VEI 6).
  • The first session of the Jewish Vaad (Council of Four Lands) is held in Lublin, Poland; 70 delegates of Jewish local qahals meet to discuss taxation, and other issues important to Jewish communities.
  • The Old City of Zamość is established in Poland, by Jan Zamoyski.
  • Jesuit missionaries arrive at the court of Akbar, ruler of the Mughal Empire.[8]
  • A group of English merchants gains the right to trade in Ottoman territory, in return for supplying the sultan with iron, steel, brass and tin for his war with Persia.
  • An influenza pandemic sweeps the world, starting in Asia and moving rapidly through Africa, Europe, and eventually the Americas. More than 10% of the population of Rome dies, and whole towns in Spain are depopulated.[9]




  1. ^ a b Dionysius Lardner, ed., The History of Spain and Portugal, vol. 5, part of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia. London: Longman, Rees, et al., 1832. See pages 208-209.
  2. ^ Michel de Montaigne (1887). Works of Michael de Montaigne: Comprising His Essays, Journey Into Italy, and Letters. Houghton, Mifflin. p. 471.
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 160–162. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  4. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 230–233. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  5. ^ Joze Krasovec (October 1, 1999). The Interpretation of the Bible: The International Symposium in Slovenia. A&C Black. p. 676. ISBN 978-0-567-34563-9.
  6. ^ Portuguese Studies Review. Baywolf Press. 2005. p. 71.
  7. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  8. ^ Roberts, J. (1994). History of the World. Penguin. ISBN 9780140154955.
  9. ^ Beveridge, W.I.B. (1991). "The Chronicle of Influenza Epidemics". History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences. 13 (2): 223–234. JSTOR 23331022. PMID 1724803.
  10. ^ Michelle O'Callaghan (March 7, 2009). Thomas Middleton, Renaissance Dramatist. Edinburgh University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-7486-3169-8.
  11. ^ Myrtle Byram McGraw (1941). The Child in Painting. Greystone Press. p. 12.
  12. ^ Dauril Alden (1996). The Making of an Enterprise: The Society of Jesus in Portugal, Its Empire, and Beyond, 1540-1750. Stanford University Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8047-2271-1.
  13. ^ Luís de Camões (1966). The Lusiads of Luiz de Camões. Hispanic Society of America. p. xxix.
  14. ^ Dissertation Abstracts International: The humanities and social sciences. A. University Microfilms. 1978. p. 2628.