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|1587 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2340|
|Balinese saka calendar||1508–1509|
|English Regnal year||29 Eliz. 1 – 30 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丙戌年 (Fire Dog)|
4283 or 4223
— to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4284 or 4224
|- Vikram Samvat||1643–1644|
|- Shaka Samvat||1508–1509|
|- Kali Yuga||4687–4688|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 15|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||325 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2129–2130|
1713 or 1332 or 560
— to —
1714 or 1333 or 561
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1587.|
1587 (MDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1587th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 587th year of the 2nd millennium, the 87th year of the 16th century, and the 8th year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1587, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- February 1 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signs the death warrant of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, after Mary is implicated in a plot to murder Elizabeth. Seven days later, on the orders of Elizabeth's privy council, Mary is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle.
- April 29 – Singeing the King of Spain's Beard: On an expedition against Spain, English privateer Sir Francis Drake leads a raid in the Bay of Cádiz, sinking at least 23 ships of the Spanish fleet.
- July 22 – Roanoke Colony: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina, to re-establish the deserted colony.
- August 18 – According to legend, Saul Wahl is named king of Poland.
- August 19
- August 27 – Governor John White leaves the Roanoke Colony to get more supplies from England.
- October 1 – Shāh ‘Abbās I "The Great" succeeds as Shahanshah of Iran.
- October 18 – Landing of the first Filipinos: The first Filipinos in North America land in Morro Bay, near San Luis Obispo in modern-day California.
- October 20 – Battle of Coutras: Huguenot forces under Henry of Navarre defeat Royalist forces under Anne de Joyeuse, favorite of King Henry; Joyeuse is killed.
- October 31 – Leiden University Library opens its doors, after its founding in 1575.
- Toyotomi Hideyoshi becomes Daijō-daijin of Japan and concludes the Kyūshū Campaign with the Siege of Kagoshima at which most of Kyushu is surrendered to him; he banishes European Christian missionaries from the province.
- A severe famine breaks out in Ming dynasty China.
- The Rose (theatre) is founded in London by Philip Henslowe.
- The chapbook Historia von D. Johann Fausten, printed by Johann Spies in Frankfurt, is the first published version of the Faust story.
- Everard Digby's De Arte Natandi, the first treatise on swimming in England, is published.
- St. Dominic's Church, Macau is established.
- January 2 – Anders Arrebo, Danish writer (d. 1637)
- January 5 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer and geographer (d. 1641)
- January 6 – Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish politician (d. 1645)
- January 8
- January 12 – John Winthrop, English Puritan lawyer (d. 1649)
- February 1 – Pál Esterházy, Hungarian noble (d. 1645)
- February 3 – Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst (d. 1609)
- February 20 – Emanuel Sueyro, Dutch historian, translator, spymaster (d. 1629)
- February 26 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
- March 17 – David Lindsay, 1st Lord Balcarres, Scottish politician and noble (d. 1642)
- April 1 – Sir John Mill, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1648)
- April 2 – Virginia Centurione Bracelli, Italian saint (d. 1651)
- April 18 – Sir Charles Morrison, 1st Baronet, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1628)
- April 26
- April 28 – Krzysztof Ossoliński, Polish nobleman (d. 1645)
- April 29 – Sophie of Saxony, Duchess of Pomerania (d. 1635)
- April 30 – Éléonore de Bourbon, Dutch princess (d. 1619)
- May 7 – Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport, English politician (d. 1651)
- May 8 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
- May 17 – Esaias van de Velde, Dutch painter (d. 1630)
- May 26 – Susan de Vere, Countess of Montgomery, English noblewoman (d. 1628)
- June 2 – Willem Bontekoe, skipper in the Dutch East India Company (d. 1657)
- June 5 – Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, English colonial administrator and admiral (d. 1658)
- June 11 – Thomas Jervoise, English politician (d. 1654)
- June 15 – Gabriel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1640)
- June 21 – Kaspar von Barth, German philologist and writer (d. 1658)
- June 24
- July 4 – Magdalene of Bavaria, Consort of Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg (d. 1628)
- August 16 – Khusrau Mirza, Mughal prince (d. 1622)
- August 18 – Virginia Dare, Virginia colony settler
- August 23 – Johann Friedrich, Count Palatine of Sulzbach-Hilpoltstein (1614–1644) (d. 1644)
- August 28 – Christian William of Brandenburg, administrator of bishoprics of Magdeburg and Halberstadt (d. 1665)
- September 1 – Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, 3rd Duke of Feria, Spanish general (d. 1634)
- September 3 – Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg, Landgravine of Hesse-kassel (d. 1643)
- September 18 – Francesca Caccini, Italian composer
- September 19
- October 8 – Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire, English politician (d. 1669)
- October 17 – Nathan Field, English dramatist and actor (d. 1620)
- October 18 – Philippe-Charles, 3rd Count of Arenberg (d. 1640)
- October 19 – Thomas Dacres, English politician (d. 1668)
- October 22 – Joachim Jungius, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1657)
- October 23 – Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1st Baronet of Harrow on the Hill, English politician (d. 1670)
- November 3 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1653)
- November 17
- November 25 – Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1666)
- December 13 – Emmanuel Stupanus, Swiss physician (d. 1664)
- December 19 – Dorothea Sophia, Abbess of Quedlinburg Abbey (1618–1645) (d. 1645)
- December 30 – Simon VII, Count of Lippe-Detmold (1613–1627) (d. 1627)
- date unknown
- January 31 – Juraj Drašković, Croatian Catholic cardinal (b. 1525)
- January – Thomas Seckford, English official (b. 1515)
- February 8 – Mary, Queen of Scots (executed) (b. 1542)
- February 9 – Vincenzo Ruffo, Italian composer (b. 1510)
- February 13 – Dorothea of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (b. 1563)
- February 22 – Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach, princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1535)
- February 26 – Magdalene of Lippe, Countess of Lippe by birth, and Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1552)
- March 15 – Caspar Olevian, German theologian (b. 1536)
- March 30 – Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
- April 10 – Henry III, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels (b. 1542)
- April 11 – Thomas Bromley, English lord chancellor (b. 1530)
- April 8 – John Foxe, English author (b. 1516)
- April 14 – Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (b. 1548)
- April 16 – Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset (b. 1497)
- May 9 – Jakob Schegk, German physician (b. 1511)
- May 17 – Gotthard Kettler, Duke of Courland and Semigallia (b. 1517)
- June 11 – Ōtomo Sōrin, Japanese Christian daimyō (b. 1530)
- June 15 – Frederick II, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (b. 1568)
- June 23 – Ōmura Sumitada, Japanese Christian daimyō (b. 1532)
- July 7 – Joachim of Zollern, Titular Count of Hohenzollern (b. 1554)
- July 28 – Godfried van Mierlo, Dutch Dominican friar and bishop (b. 1518)
- August 14 – Guglielmo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua (b. 1538)
- August 29 – Vincenzo Bellavere, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- September 3 – Henry Cheyne, 1st Baron Cheyne, English politician and baron (b. 1540)
- September 19 – Jacobus Pamelius, Belgian bishop (b. 1536)
- October 19 – Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
- November 1 – Alfonso d'Este, Lord of Montecchio, Italian nobleman (b. 1527)
- December 13 – Hai Rui, Ming Dynasty "model official" (b. 1514)
- December 11 – Andreas Gaill, German jurist and statesman (b. 1526)
- date unknown
- probable – George Whetstone, English writer (b. 1544)