15 cm Kanone 18

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15 cm Kanone 18
Mrs 18.jpg
15 cm Kanone 18 at Belgrade Military Museum, Serbia
TypeHeavy gun
Place of originGermany
Service history
Used byNazi Germany
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerRheinmetall
Designed1933–1938
ManufacturerRheinmetall
Produced1940–1943
No. built101
Specifications
WeightCombat: 12,460 kg
(27,469 lbs)
Travel: 18,600 kg
(41,006 lbs)
Length8.6 m (28 ft 3 in)
Barrel length8.195 m (26 ft 11 in) L/55[1]

Shell weight43 kg (95 lb)
Caliber149.1 mm (5.87 in)
Breechhorizontal block
Carriagebox trail
Elevation-2° to +45°
Traverse10° on wheels
360° on platform[1]
Muzzle velocity865 m/s (2,838 ft/s)
Maximum firing range24,500 m (26,793 yds)[1]

The 15 cm Kanone 18 (15 cm K 18) was a German heavy gun used in the Second World War.

Design and history[edit]

In 1933 Rheinmetall began development of a new artillery piece to fulfill a German Army requirement for a replacement of the aged 15 cm Kanone 16, with the first production units received in 1938. There was not much of an improvement over the older gun as it weighed two tons more than the K 16, but only had 2,290 metres (2,500 yd) more range. The army was happy with the range, but not with the carriage. There was a special transport carriage for just the gun when traveling long distances. Putting it on its turntable took even more time to assemble.

Around a hundred were built between 1939 and 1943. It was not popular in service as it was regarded as too much gun for too little shell. This caused its production to be terminated in August 1943. Many were used in coastal installations.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Heavy artillery. Gander, Terry,. New York: Arco. p. 26. ISBN 0668038985. OCLC 2143869.

References[edit]

  • Engelmann, Joachim and Scheibert, Horst. Deutsche Artillerie 1934–1945: Eine Dokumentation in Text, Skizzen und Bildern: Ausrüstung, Gliederung, Ausbildung, Führung, Einsatz. Limburg/Lahn, Germany: C. A. Starke, 1974
  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  • Hogg, Ian V. German Artillery of World War Two. 2nd corrected edition. Mechanicsville, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997 ISBN 1-85367-480-X

External links[edit]

Media related to 15 cm Kanone 18 at Wikimedia Commons