The German 15th Infantry Division (15. Infanterie-Division) was formed on 1 October 1934 in Würzburg under the cover name Artillerieführer V. With the announcement of German rearmament the division was renamed on 15 October 1935. Mobilized on 25 August 1939 the division took part in the Invasion of Poland 1939 and the Battle of France in 1940. On 21 November 1940 one third of its personnel was used to create the 113th Infantry Division. The division was one of the units taking part in the Second Battle of Kharkov from February till March 1943. The division was destroyed in August 1944 during the Soviet Iaşi-Chişinău Operation. In October 1944 a new 15. Infanterie-Division was raised near Cluj-Napoca using the remainders of the old division and new recruits. On 5 May 1945 the division surrendered to the Red Army at Brod.
Burkhard Müller-Hillebrand: Das Heer 1933-1945. Entwicklung des organisatorischen Aufbaues. Vol.III: Der Zweifrontenkrieg. Das Heer vom Beginn des Feldzuges gegen die Sowjetunion bis zum Kriegsende. Mittler: Frankfurt am Main 1969, p. 286.
Georg Tessin: Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 1939 - 1945. Vol. Iv: Die Landstreitkräfte 15 - 30. Mittler: Frankfurt am Main 1970.
1Oak Leaves with the LII. Armeekorps. 2Knight's Cross with Grenadier-Regiment 106, Oak Leaves with the Stab. 3Oak Leaves with the 15th Army. 4Oak Leaves with the Heeres-Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 743 (XXXXI. Panzerkorps)