|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||10s BC 0s BC 0s – 10s – 20s 30s 40s|
|Years:||13 14 15 – 16 – 17 18 19|
|16 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||769|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
2712 or 2652
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
2713 or 2653
|Coptic calendar||−268 – −267|
|- Vikram Samvat||72–73|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3117–3118|
|Iranian calendar||606 BP – 605 BP|
|Islamic calendar||625 BH – 624 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1896 before ROC
|Seleucid era||327/328 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||558–559|
Year 16 (XVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Taurus and Libo (or, less frequently, year 769 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 16 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- A Roman army of 50,000 men commanded by Germanicus gains a great victory at Idistaviso, defeating the German war chief Arminius and recovering the lost eagles of Varus' legions.
- Germanicus employs North Sea fleet to avoid dangerous rivers, embarking an army in the Rhine delta aboard circa 1,000 ships. He defeats the Germans at Amisius river estuary and the Weser, but during its return the Roman fleet is partially destroyed by storms.
- Vonones, the beleaguered king of Armenia is summoned to Syria by Roman governor, Creticus Silanus.
Arts and sciences
- September 16 – Drusilla, daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder (d. 38)
- Agrippina the Younger, Roman Empress (d. 59)
- Scribonia, second wife of Caesar Augustus and mother of Julia the Elder (approximate date) (b. 68 BC)
- Clemens (impostor)