160th Infantry Regiment (United States)

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160th Infantry Regiment (United States)
160TH inf coa.jpeg
Coat of arms
Active 1898–present
Country  United States
Allegiance California
Branch  United States Army
Type Light infantry
Garrison/HQ Inglewood, California[1]
Nickname(s) Seventh California[2]
Los Angeles’ Own[3][4]
Motto "Habeant" (Strike)
Commanders
Current commander LTC Richard F Mifsud
Previous commander LTC Nick Ducich
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 160 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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159th Infantry Regiment 161st Infantry Regiment

The 160th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army. The 1st Battalion, 160th Infantry is a light infantry component of the 79th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IBCT).

History[edit]

The regiment traces its history to the 7th Infantry Battalion, formed 1885, and became the 7th Infantry Regiment three years later. The regiment was formed during the Spanish–American War in 1898. Its initial training took place at the Presidio of San Francisco. It later served under General John J. Pershing during the Mexican Border Campaign of 1914. During World War I, the regiment participated in the French Meuse-Argonne Offensive in 1918 and the Battle of St. Mihiel. During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, units of the 160th Regiment along with units of the 307th Infantry Regiment became known as the "Lost Battalion". Captain Nelson Holderman, a member of the 160th Regiment, was awarded the Medal of Honor during the Lost Battalion action.[3]

Interwar period to Cold War[edit]

The regiment's armory, located in Los Angeles, California, hosted the fencing competition at the 1932 Summer Olympics as well as the fencing part of the modern pentathlon.[5] As part of the United States mobilization during World War II, the 160th was federalized at Los Angeles, California, on 3 March 1941 and moved to Camp San Luis Obispo, California, within two weeks. The regiment trained there for over a year as part of the 40th Division before relocating to Fort Lewis, Washington, on 29 April 1942. From there, the regiment went to San Francisco, on 1 September 1942, and was shipped to Hawaii the following month. The regiment trained in jungle warfare there for over a year before being moved forward during January 1944 to the Solomon Islands. From April through December the regiment fought on New Britain Island during the New Britain campaign. The regiment redeployed through New Guinea and they invaded the Japanese-held Philippines on 9 January 1945. The regiment participated in various actions in the Philippines' Campaign (1944 to 1945) during the rest of the war. It returned to San Francisco on 5 April 1946 and was inactivated the next day.[6] For actions in the Zambales Mountains, Company I was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation.[7]

The regiment fought in the Korean War.[8] As part of the United States National Guard, the unit was not mobilized for Vietnam, but engaged in suppressing civil disturbances. During the 1965 Watts Riots in Los Angeles, the 160th Regiment was among the first units deployed.[8]

Post–Cold War to present[edit]

They were also activated during the 1992 Los Angeles riots in the wake of the Rodney King trial.[9] Following the 1994 Northridge earthquake, the regiment provided humanitarian aid and security to the area affected by the earthquake.[10]

Company B of 1st Battalion was awarded a Meritorious Unit Commendation for their service in Iraq in 2004 and 2005,[11] and the remainder of 1st Battalion was awarded an Army Superior Unit Award for service in Kosovo during a similar period.[12] The regiment served in Kuwait and Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom from 15 February 2007 through 8 August 2008;[13] during this period Company C of 3d battalion was awarded a Meritorious Unit Commendation,[14] and two soldiers from the regiment were killed.[15]

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 22 July 1885 in the California National Guard as the 7th Infantry Battalion and organized from existing companies in southern California

Expanded, reorganized, and redesignated on 5 May 1888, as the 7th Infantry Regiment

Consolidated 7 December 1895 with the 9th Infantry Regiment (organized on 8 February 1890 in the California National Guard) and consolidated unit designated as the 7th Infantry Regiment

Mustered into Federal service on 9 May 1898 at the Presidio of San Francisco as the 7th California Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service on 2 December 1898 at Los Angeles

Mustered into Federal service on 29 June 1916 at Sacramento; mustered out of Federal service 11 November 1916 at Los Angeles Drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917

Consolidated 25 September to 1 November 1917 with the 2nd Battalion, Companies L and M, and the Sanitary Detachment, 2nd Infantry Regiment, California National Guard; consolidated unit concurrently reorganized and re-designated as the 160th Infantry and assigned to the 40th Division Demobilized on 7 May 1919 at Camp Kearny, California Former southern California elements reorganized on 23 August to 6 October 1921 in the California National Guard as the 160th Infantry and assigned to the 40th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized on 31 January 1922 at Los Angeles

2nd Battalion, 160th Infantry, withdrawn, reorganized, and re-designated on 1 April 1929 as the 2nd Battalion, 185th Infantry, an element of the 40th Division (160th Infantry - hereafter separate lineage)

Expanded and reorganized March to April 1930, as the 2nd and 3rd Battalions, 185th Infantry, elements of the 40th Division (later redesignated as the 40th Infantry Division) Inducted into Federal service on 3 March 1941 at home stations

Inactivated on 7 April 1946 at Camp Stoneman, California

2nd and 3rd Battalions, 185th Infantry, re-designated on 5 August 1946 as the 223rd and 224th Infantry and remained assigned to the 40th Infantry Division

After 5 August 1946, the above units underwent changes as follows: 223rd Infantry reorganized as well as Federally recognizing on 15 October 1946 with Headquarters at Pasadena ordered into active Federal service on 1 September 1950, at home stations

(223d Infantry (NGUS) organized and Federally recognized on 2 September 1952, with Headquarters at Pasadena) Released 30 June 1954, from active Federal service and reverted to state control. Federal recognition concurrently withdrawn from the 223rd Infantry (NGUS)1st Battalion, 223rd Infantry, reorganized and redesignated on 1 July 1954, as the 223rd Armored Infantry Battalion. This is an element of the 40th Armored Division, with Headquarters at Glendale (remainder of 223rd Infantry - hereafter separate lineages)

224th Infantry reorganized and Federally recognized on 15 October 1946, with Headquarters at Ontario ordered into active Federal service on 1 September 1950 at home stations

(224th Infantry [NGUS] organized and Federally recognized on 2 September 1952, with Headquarters at Ontario) Released 30 June 1954 from active Federal service and reverted to state control; Federal recognition concurrently withdrawn from the 224th Infantry (NGUS)1st and 3rd Battalions 224th Infantry, reorganized and re-designated on 1 July 1954, respectively as the 224th Armored Infantry Battalion, with Headquarters at San Bernardino, and the 161st Armored Infantry Battalion, with Headquarters at Orange (changed 1 November 1957 to Santa Ana), elements of the 40th Armored Division (remainder of 224th Infantry - hereafter separate lineages) 161st, 223rd, and 224th Armored Infantry Battalions consolidated, reorganized, and re-designated on 1 July 1959 as the 160th Infantry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Rifle Battalions, elements of the 40th Armored Division

Reorganized on 1 March 1963, to consist of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Battalions, elements of the 40th Armored Division

Reorganized on 1 November 1965, to consist of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions, elements of the 40th Armored Division, and the 4th Battalion, an element of the 29th Infantry Brigade

Reorganized on 29 January 1968, to consist of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions, elements of the 40th Infantry Brigade, and the 4th Battalion, an element of the 40th Armored Brigade

Reorganized on 13 January 1974, to consist of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Battalions, elements of the 40th Infantry Division

Reorganized 1 August 1985 to consist of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Battalions, elements of the 40th Infantry Division

Withdrawn on 19 January 1988, from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System (2nd, 3rd, and 4th Battalions ordered into active Federal service on 2 May 1992, at home stations; released on 9 May 1992, from active Federal service and reverted to state control)[16]

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • Description

A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height blazoned: Azure, two bendlets Gules and Vert fimbriated Or between an angel’s wings conjoined and inverted Argent and a fleur-de-lis, within a diminished bordure engrailed of the fourth.

  • Symbolism

The shield is blue for Infantry. The red bendlet denotes service during the Spanish War and the green bendlet, Mexican border duty. The angel’s wings represent Los Angeles, the headquarters of the 160th Infantry, and the fleur-de-lis symbolizes World War I service. The gold engrailed border symbolizes the State of California on the shores of the Pacific Ocean.

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 160th Infantry Regiment on 22 May 1928. It was redesignated for the 160th Armored Infantry Battalion on 7 January 1955. The insignia was redesignated for the 160th Infantry Regiment on 24 April 1961.

Coat of arms[edit]

  • Blazon
  • Shield

Azure, two bendlets Gules and Vert fimbriated Or between an angel’s wings conjoined and inverted Argent and a fleur-de-lis, within a diminished bordure engrailed of the fourth.

  • Crest

That for the regiments and separate battalions of the California Army National Guard: On a wreath of the colors Or and Azure, the setting sun behind a grizzly bear passant on a grassy field all Proper. Motto: Habeant (Strike).

  • Symbolism
  • Shield

The shield is blue for Infantry. The red bendlet denotes service during the Spanish War and the green bendlet, Mexican border duty. The angel’s wings represent Los Angeles, the headquarters of the 160th Infantry, and the fleur-de-lis symbolizes World War I service. The gold engrailed border symbolizes the State of California on the shores of the Pacific Ocean.

  • Crest

The crest is that of the California Army National Guard.

  • Background

The coat of arms was originally approved for the 160th Infantry Regiment on 23 May 1928. It was redesignated for the 160th Armored Infantry Battalion on 7 January 1955. The insignia was redesignated for the 160th Infantry Regiment on 24 April 1961.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact Information - 1st Battalion, 160th Infantry Regiment". California National Guard. State of California. 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2012. Headquarters Inglewood, CA 
  2. ^ Verne L. Bowers, Major General, USA (20 March 1975). "160th Infantry Regiment (Seventh California)". The California State Military Museum. California State Military Department. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
    History of the Fortieth (Sunshine) division: containing a brief history of all units under the Command of Major General Frederick S. Strong, 1917-1919. Los Angeles, California: C.S. Hutson. 1920. p. 62. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
    "Buffalo Soldiers at Huachuca: Organizing the Punitive Expedition". Harold B. Lee Library. Brigham Young University. Retrieved 24 March 2013. Later the 7th became the 160th Infantry, 40th Division, and it would be sent to France in World War I 
  3. ^ a b "A Brief History - 1st Battalion, 160th Infantry Regiment". California Military Department. State of California. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 1-160th IN (M) carries the colors of the 160th Infantry Regiment, known for over one hundred years as "Los Angeles’ Own". 
  4. ^ Scott Harrison (10 November 2011). "Korean War goodbye kiss". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  5. ^ 1932 Summer Olympics official report. pp. 67–8, 70, 78, 84.
  6. ^ Stanton, Shelby L. (10 April 2006). World War Two Order of Battle, U.S. Army. Stackpole Books. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-8117-0157-0. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Distinguished Unit Citation for Company I, 160th Infantry Regiment (Seventh California)". California Military Museum. California Military Department. 14 August 1945. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c Smith, Major Russell. "HISTORY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA'S 160th INFANTRY REGIMENT". California State Military Department. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  9. ^ William W. Mendel (July 1996). "Combat in Cities: The LA Riots and Operation Rio". Foreign Military Studies Office. United States Army. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  10. ^ Lynn Uwanawich (2 August 2006). "National Guard establishes new building". San Gabriel Valley Tribune. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  11. ^ LTC Sylvia A Bennett (30 November 2007). "Permanent Orders 334-06" (PDF). U.S. Army Human Resources Command. United States Army. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  12. ^ LTC Sylvia A Bennett (19 November 2007). "Permanent Orders 323-32" (PDF). U.S. Army Human Resources Command. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  13. ^ Megan Garvey (5 March 2007). "Guard troops prepare for war zone". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  14. ^ LTC Stewart L. Stephenson, Jr. (2 December 2009). "Permanent Orders 336-21" (PDF). U.S. Army Human Resources Command. United States Army. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "The one death with the Company C, 3rd Battalion, 160th Infantry Regiment, California Army National Guard". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
    "The one death with the 1st Battalion, 160th Infantry, California Army National Guard". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  16. ^ Globalsecurity.org profile.