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|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1580s 1590s 1600s – 1610s – 1620s 1630s 1640s|
|Years:||1610 1611 1612 – 1613 – 1614 1615 1616|
|1613 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2366|
|English Regnal year||10 Ja. 1 – 11 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬子年 (Water Rat)
4309 or 4249
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4310 or 4250
|- Vikram Samvat||1669–1670|
|- Shaka Samvat||1535–1536|
|- Kali Yuga||4714–4715|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 18
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||299 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2155–2156|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1613.|
1613 (MDCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Julian calendar, the 1613th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 613th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1613, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1918.
- 11 January – Workers in a sandpit in the Dauphiné discover the skeleton of what is alleged to be a 30-foot tall man, the remains, it is supposed, of the giant Teutobochus, a legendary Gallic king who fought the Romans.
- January 20 – King James I of England successfully mediates the Treaty of Knäred between Denmark and Sweden.
- February 7 – An assembly of the Russian Empire elects Mikhail Romanov to be Tsar of Russia, and establishes the Romanov Dynasty, ending the Time of Troubles.
- February 14 – Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England, marries Frederick V, Elector Palatine.
- March 27 – The first English child is born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
- March 29 – Samuel de Champlain becomes the first unofficial Governor of New France.
- April 13 – Samuel Argall captures Algonquian princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father. She is brought to Henricus as hostage.
- June – At Jamestown, John Rolfe makes the first shipment of West Indian tobacco grown in Virginia to England.
- June 29 – Fire destroys London's famed Globe Theatre.
- July – Algonquian princess Pocahontas meets English colonist John Rolfe in Henricus, Virginia during her captivity. Reverend Alexander Whitaker converts her to Christianity. She adopts the name "Rebecca".
- July 28 – Gregor Richter, the chief pastor of Görlitz, denounces Jacob Boehme as a heretic in his Sunday sermon.
- August 29 – The Sicilians under de Aragon defeat the trade fleet of the Ottoman Empire.
- September 29 – The New River is opened, to supply London with drinking water from Hertfordshire.
- October 28 – Keichō embassy: Hasekura Tsunenaga sets out in the Date Maru with a Japanese diplomatic mission to the Holy See, first traveling to Acapulco in New Spain. This follows soon after an agreement between Tokugawa Ieyasu and the East India Company permitting English merchants to live and trade in Japan.
- November 3 – English royal favourite Robert Carr is created 1st Earl of Somerset.
- December 26 – The Earl of Somerset marries Frances Howard, occasioning John Donne's Eclogue.
- James I of England condemns duels in his proclamation Against Private Challenges and Combats.
- The Ottoman Empire invades Hungary.
- A locust swarm destroys La Camarque, France.
- The territory of Kuwait is founded.
- Sultan Agung of Mataram takes the throne of the kingdom of Mataram on Java.
- Near Jamestown, Virginia, Sir Thomas Dale starts a settlement called "Bermuda City" which later becomes part of Hopewell, Virginia.
- January 14 – Pier Martire Armani, Italian painter (d. 1699)
- January 15 – Giovanni Pietro Bellori, Italian art historian (d. 1696)
- January 21 – George Gillespie, Scottish theologian (d. 1648)
- February 2
- February 7 – Johannes Musaeus, German theologian (d. 1681)
- February 24 – Mattia Preti, Italian painter (d. 1699)
- February 28 – John Pearson, English theologian and scholar (d. 1686)
- March 6 – Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
- March 11 – Francesco Caetani, 8th Duke of Sermoneta, Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1683)
- March 12 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape and garden designer (d. 1700)
- March 19 – John Swinfen, English politician (d. 1694)
- March 24 – Antonia of Württemberg, princess, literary figure, patroness, and Christian Kabbalist (d. 1679)
- March 28 – Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, concubine of the Qing Dynasty ruler Hong Taiji (d. 1688)
- April 1 – Giulio Bartolocci, Biblical scholar (d. 1687)
- April 7 – Gerrit Dou, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
- April 18 – Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton, English soldier (d. 1696)
- April 21 – Franciscus Plante (d. 1690)
- April 29 – Christoph Bach, German musician (d. 1661)
- May 9
- May 10 – François Chauveau, French painter (d. 1676)
- May 15 – George Seton, Lord Seton, Scottish noble (d. 1648)
- May 31 – John George II, Elector of Saxony from 1656 to 1680 (d. 1680)
- June 1 – William Wirich, Count of Daun-Falkenstein, German nobleman (d. 1682)
- June 13 – Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (1641–1642) (d. 1642)
- June 16 – John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)
- July 15 – Gu Yanwu, Chinese philologist and geographer (d. 1682)
- July 16 – Alderano Cybo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1700)
- August 7 – William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Dutch stadtholder (d. 1664)
- August 15 – Gilles Ménage, French scholar (d. 1692)
- August 18 – Sir Thomas Peyton, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. 1684)
- August 20 – Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg, German poet composer and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1676)
- August 24 – Bartholomew Holzhauser, German priest, founder of a religious community, visionary, writer of prophecies (d. 1658)
- August 29 – John Jolliffe, English politician and businessman (d. 1680)
- September 8 – Henri Albert de La Grange d'Arquien, Catholic cardinal (d. 1707)
- September 15 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
- September 19 – Sir John Norwich, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament of England (d. 1661)
- September 25 – Claude Perrault, French architect (d. 1688)
- October 3 – Marion Delorme, French courtesan known for her relationships with the important men of her time (d. 1650)
- October 12 – Jacques d'Arthois, painter (d. 1686)
- October 13
- October 19 – Charles of Sezze, Italian Franciscan friar and saint (d. 1670)
- October 28 – Edmund Bowyer, English politician (d. 1681)
- November 5 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)
- November 12 – Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Baronet, of Middle Claydon, English Baronet (d. 1696)
- November 16 – Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Harzgerode (1635–1670) (d. 1670)
- November 20 – Tyman Oosdorp, Dutch Golden Age brewer and magistrate of Haarlem (d. 1668)
- November 25 – Philip VII, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen (1638–1645) (d. 1645)
- December 10 – Izaak van Oosten, painter (d. 1661)
- December 11 – Amar Singh Rathore, Rajput nobleman affiliated with the royal house of Marwar (d. 1644)
- December 23 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Field Marshal of Sweden (d. 1676)
- December 28 – Bullen Reymes, English courtier, diplomat and politician (d. 1672)
- date unknown
- probable – Richard Crashaw, English poet (d. 1649)
- January 12 – George Blackwell (b. 1545)
- January 18 – Antoon Claeissens, Flemish Baroque painter (b. 1536)
- January 28 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
- February 14 – Juan García López-Rico, Spanish Roman Catholic priest from the Trinitarian Order, founded the Order of Discalced Carmelites (b. 1561)
- February 16 – Johannes Letzner, Protestant priest and historian (b. 1531)
- February 26 – Thomas Pounde, Jesuit lay brother (b. 1538)
- February 27 – Pietro Facchetti, Italian painter (b. 1539)
- March 2 – Rudolph Snellius, Dutch linguist and mathematician (b. 1546)
- March 16
- March 23 – Jerónimo de Ayanz y Beaumont, Spanish inventor (b. 1553)
- March 27 – Sigismund Báthory (b. 1572)
- April 27 – Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary (b. 1532)
- June 3 – Allahverdi Khan (b. 1590)
- June 15 – Magdalena Moons, Dutch heroine (b. 1541)
- July 19 – Nicolaus van Aelst, Flemish engraver (b. 1526)
- July 20 – Sebastian Lubomirski, Polish-Lithuanian nobleman (szlachcic) (b. c. 1546)
- July 30 – Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1564)
- August 1
- August 7 – Thomas Fleming, English judge (b. 1544)
- August 14 – David Lindsay, Scottish bishop (b. 1531)
- August 18 – Giovanni Artusi, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- August 22 – Dominicus Baudius, Dutch historian and poet (b. 1561)
- August 25 – William Waldegrave, English Member of Parliament (b. 1540)
- September 8
- September 14 – Thomas Overbury, English poet and essayist (murdered) (b. 1581)
- October 9 – Henry Constable, English poet (b. 1562)
- November 4 – Cristóbal Rodríguez Juárez (b. 1547)
- November 16 – Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
- November 21 – Rose Lok, English Marian exile (b. 1526)
- November 26 – Henry Berkeley, 7th Baron Berkeley (b. 1534)
- December 6 – Anton Praetorius, German pastor (b. 1560)
- December 7 – Simon VI, Count of Lippe, imperial count and ruler of the County of Lippe from 1563 until his death (b. 1554)
- date unknown – Phung Khac Khoan, Vietnamese military strategist, politician, diplomat and poet (b. 1528)