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This article is about the year 1624.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1621 1622 1623 – 1624 – 1625 1626 1627|
|1624 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2377|
|English Regnal year||21 Ja. 1 – 22 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4320 or 4260
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4321 or 4261
|- Vikram Samvat||1680–1681|
|- Shaka Samvat||1546–1547|
|- Kali Yuga||4725–4726|
|Japanese calendar||Genna 10 / Kan'ei 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||288 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2166–2167|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1624.|
- January 14 – After 90 years of Ottoman occupation, the Safavid empire recaptures Baghdad.
- January 24 – Afonso Mendes, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
- April 29 - Louis XIII of France appoints Cardinal Richelieu chief minister of the Royal Council.
- May 8 – A Dutch fleet captures Bahia, Brazil from the Spanish.
- 24 May - After years of unprofitable operation, Virginia's charter is revoked and it becomes a royal colony.
- June – The first Dutch settlers arrive in New Netherland; they disembark at Governors Island.
- June 10 – Treaty of Compiègne, signed between France and the Netherlands
- July or August – Portuguese Jesuit priest António de Andrade becomes the first European to enter Tibet.
- August – The Siege of Breda begins, and will continue for 10 months.
- August 5–14 – The King's Men perform Thomas Middleton's satire A Game at Chess at the Globe Theatre, London, until it is suppressed in view of its allusions to the Spanish Match.
- August 13 – Cardinal Richelieu is appointed by Louis XIII of France to be his first minister following the arrest of his predecessor the previous day.
- Early October – Action of October 1624: A Tuscan/Papal/Neapolitan galley fleet defeats the Algerians near Sardinia.
- Martin Luther's German translation of the Bible is publicly burned by order of the Pope.
- The Netherlands establishes a trading colony at Tainan on Taiwan.
- The Virginia Land Company's charter is revoked and Virginia becomes a crown colony.
- The city of Oslo in Norway is destroyed by fire for the fourteenth time; King Christian IV of Denmark–Norway decrees its rebuilding on a new site where it will be renamed Christiania.
- Jakob Bartsch records the constellation Camelopardalis around the North Star.
- The Palace of Versailles is first built by Louis XIII, as a hunting lodge.
- The Japanese Shogun expels the Spanish from the land and severs trade with the Philippines.
- Mail service begins in Denmark.
- The University of Saint Francis Xavier is founded in Bolivia.
- Henry Briggs publishes Arithmetica Logarithmica.
- The French Parliament passes a decree forbidding criticism of Aristotle on pain of death.
- Queen Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba starts to rule.
- The Latymer School and Latymer Upper School in London are founded by the bequest of Edward Latymer.
- The city of Dunfermline is destroyed by fire, but The Abbey, The Palace, the Abbot House and many other buildings survive.
- Frans Hals produces the painting now known as the Laughing Cavalier.
- January 7 – Guarino Guarini, Italian architect (d. 1683)
- January 9 – Meishō, empress of Japan (d. 1696)
- January 15 – Rombout Verhulst, Dutch sculptor (d. 1698)
- January 16 – Pierre Lambert de la Motte, French bishop (d. 1679)
- January 18 – Thyrsus González de Santalla, Roman Catholic priest (d. 1705)
- January 26 – George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1705)
- January 31 – Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher (d. 1669)
- February 11 – Lambert Doomer, Dutch Golden Age landscape painter (d. 1650)
- February 11 – Ivan Ančić, Croatian theological writer (d. 1685)
- March 12 – Damian Hartard von der Leyen-Hohengeroldseck, Archbishop (d. 1678)
- March 20 – William Jones (deputy governor), English lawyer, became Deputy Governor of Connecticut (d. 1706)
- March 25 – William Pulteney (1624–1691), English Member of Parliament (d. 1691)
- March 31 – Antoine Pagi, French ecclesiastical historian (d. 1699)
- April 4 – François Marie, Prince of Lillebonne, French nobleman and member of the House of Lorraine (d. 1694)
- April 9 – Henrik Rysensteen (d. 1679)
- April 12 – Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours (d. 1652)
- April 15 – Pieter Nijs, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1681)
- April 20 – Samuel Mearne, English Restoration bookbinder and publisher (d. 1683)
- April 24 – Jan Peeters I, Flemish Baroque painter (d. 1677)
- April 25 – Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet, English Baronet (d. 1669)
- April 26 – Johann Leusden (d. 1699)
- May 23 – William Duckett (MP), English gentleman (d. 1686)
- May 30 – Leopold Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard (d. 1662)
- June 11 – Jean-Baptiste du Hamel, notable French cleric and natural philosopher (d. 1706)
- June 15 – Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (d. 1704)
- June 16 – William Bradford (Plymouth soldier) (d. 1703)
- June 20 – Henry Albin, English minister (d. 1696)
- June 26 – James Scudamore (died 1668), English politician (d. 1668)
- July – George Fox, English founder of the Quakers (d. 1691)
- July 11 – John Collins (Andover MP), English academic and politician (d. 1711)
- July 18 – Francis Pemberton, English judge, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (d. 1697)
- August 6 – Charles Kerr, 2nd Earl of Ancram, English politician (d. 1690)
- August 11 – John Strode (died 1679), English politician (d. 1679)
- August 22 – Jean Regnault de Segrais, French writer (d. 1701)
- August 23 – Anna Elisabeth of Saxe-Lauenburg, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg (d. 1688)
- August 25 – François de la Chaise, French churchman (d. 1709)
- September 8 – Murad Bakhsh, Mughal prince (d. 1662)
- September 10 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (d. 1689)
- September 12 – Wingfield Cromwell, 2nd Earl of Ardglass (d. 1668)
- September 15 – Francesco Provenzale, Italian Baroque composer and teacher (d. 1704)
- October 5 – Gaspar de Witte, painter (d. 1681)
- October 20 – Jan Albertsz Rotius (d. 1666)
- October 21 – Edward Harley (Parliamentarian) (d. 1700)
- October 26 – Dosoftei, Moldavian Metropolitan (d. 1693)
- October 30 – Paul Pellisson, French author (d. 1693)
- November 2 – Sir Thomas Myddelton, 1st Baronet, Welsh politician (d. 1663)
- November 3 – Jean II d'Estrées (d. 1707)
- November 16 – Barent Fabritius, Dutch painter (d. 1673)
- November 28 – Angélique de Saint-Jean Arnauld d'Andilly (d. 1684)
- December 17 – Juriaen Jacobsze, Dutch painter (d. 1685)
- December 18 – John Hull (merchant), merchant and mintmaster of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1683)
- December 25 – Angelus Silesius, German writer (d. 1677)
- Koxinga, Chinese military leader (d. 1662)
- Jane Leade, English esotericist (d. 1704)
- Torii Tadaharu, Japanese nobleman (d. 1651)
- February 12 – George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
- February 13 – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
- February 17 – Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
- July – Alonso Fajardo de Entenza, governor of the Philippines
- November 10 – Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theater (b. 1573)
- November 17 – Jakob Böhme, German mystic (b. 1575)
- December 5 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)
- December 14 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English statesman (b. 1536)
- December 26 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (b. 1573)
- date unknown