|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1621 1622 1623 – 1624 – 1625 1626 1627|
|1624 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2377|
|English Regnal year||21 Ja. 1 – 22 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4320 or 4260
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4321 or 4261
|- Vikram Samvat||1680–1681|
|- Shaka Samvat||1546–1547|
|- Kali Yuga||4725–4726|
|Japanese calendar||Genna 10 / Kan'ei 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||288 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2166–2167|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1624.|
1624 (MDCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC) of the Julian calendar, the 1624th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 624th year of the 2nd millennium, the 24th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1620s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1624 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 14 – After 90 years of Ottoman occupation, the Safavid empire recaptures Baghdad.
- January 24 – Afonso Mendes, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
- April 29 - Louis XIII of France appoints Cardinal Richelieu chief minister of the Royal Council.
- May 8 – A Dutch fleet captures Bahia, Brazil from the Spanish.
- 24 May - After years of unprofitable operation, Virginia's charter is revoked and it becomes a royal colony.
- June – The first Dutch settlers arrive in New Netherland; they disembark at Governors Island.
- June 10 – Treaty of Compiègne, signed between France and the Netherlands.
- July or August – Portuguese Jesuit priest António de Andrade becomes the first European to enter Tibet.
- August – The Siege of Breda begins, and will continue for 10 months.
- August 5–14 – The King's Men perform Thomas Middleton's satire A Game at Chess at the Globe Theatre, London, until it is suppressed in view of its allusions to the Spanish Match.
- August 13 – Cardinal Richelieu is appointed by Louis XIII of France to be his first minister following the arrest of his predecessor the previous day.
- Early October – Action of October 1624: A Tuscan/Papal/Neapolitan galley fleet defeats the Algerians near Sardinia.
- Martin Luther's German translation of the Bible is publicly burned by order of the Pope.
- The Netherlands establishes a trading colony at Tainan on Taiwan.
- The Virginia Land Company's charter is revoked and Virginia becomes a crown colony.
- The city of Oslo in Norway is destroyed by fire for the fourteenth time; King Christian IV of Denmark–Norway decrees its rebuilding on a new site where it will be renamed Christiania.
- Jakob Bartsch records the constellation Camelopardalis around the North Star.
- The Palace of Versailles is first built by Louis XIII, as a hunting lodge.
- The Japanese Shogun expels the Spanish from the land and severs trade with the Philippines.
- Mail service begins in Denmark.
- The University of Saint Francis Xavier is founded in Bolivia.
- Henry Briggs publishes Arithmetica Logarithmica.
- The French Parliament passes a decree forbidding criticism of Aristotle on pain of death.
- Queen Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba starts to rule.
- The Latymer School and Latymer Upper School in London are founded by the bequest of Edward Latymer.
- The city of Dunfermline is destroyed by fire, but The Abbey, The Palace, the Abbot House and many other buildings survive.
- Frans Hals produces the painting now known as the Laughing Cavalier.
- January 7 – Guarino Guarini, Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque (d. 1683)
- January 9 – Meishō, empress of Japan (d. 1696)
- January 15 – Rombout Verhulst, Dutch sculptor (d. 1698)
- January 16 – Pierre Lambert de la Motte, French bishop (d. 1679)
- January 18 – Thyrsus González de Santalla, Spanish theologian who was elected (d. 1705)
- January 26 – George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1705)
- January 31 – Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher (d. 1669)
- February 11
- March 6 – Johann Georg Albinus, German pastor and hymnist (d. 1679)
- March 12 – Damian Hartard von der Leyen-Hohengeroldseck, Archbishop (d. 1678)
- March 20 – William Jones, English lawyer, became Deputy Governor of Connecticut (d. 1706)
- March 21
- March 25 – William Pulteney, English Member of Parliament (d. 1691)
- March 31 – Antoine Pagi, French ecclesiastical historian (d. 1699)
- April 4 – François Marie, Prince of Lillebonne, French nobleman and member of the House of Lorraine (d. 1694)
- April 9 – Henrik Rysensteen, Dutch military engineer (d. 1679)
- April 12 – Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours (d. 1652)
- April 15 – Pieter Nijs, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1681)
- April 20 – Samuel Mearne, English Restoration bookbinder and publisher (d. 1683)
- April 24 – Jan Peeters I, Flemish Baroque painter (d. 1677)
- April 25 – Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet, English Baronet (d. 1669)
- April 26 – Johann Leusden (d. 1699)
- May 13 – Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha, Nobleman (d. 1671)
- May 23 – William Duckett, English politician (d. 1686)
- May 30 – Leopold Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard, German noble (d. 1662)
- June 11 – Jean-Baptiste du Hamel, notable French cleric and natural philosopher (d. 1706)
- June 15 – Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (d. 1704)
- June 16 – William Bradford, American political and military leader (d. 1703)
- June 20 – Henry Albin, English minister (d. 1696)
- June 26 – James Scudamore, English politician (d. 1668)
- July – George Fox, English founder of the Quakers (d. 1691)
- July 11 – John Collins, English academic and politician (d. 1711)
- July 18 – Francis Pemberton, English judge, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (d. 1697)
- August 6 – Charles Kerr, 2nd Earl of Ancram, English politician (d. 1690)
- August 11 – John Strode, English politician (d. 1679)
- August 22 – Jean Regnault de Segrais, French poet and novelist born in Caen (d. 1701)
- August 23 – Anna Elisabeth of Saxe-Lauenburg, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg (d. 1688)
- August 24 – Petronella de la Court, Dutch art collector (d. 1707)
- August 25 – François de la Chaise, French churchman (d. 1709)
- September 1 – Simón González de Acosta, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1653)
- September 10 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (d. 1689)
- September 12 – Wingfield Cromwell, 2nd Earl of Ardglass, Nobleman (d. 1668)
- September 15 – Francesco Provenzale, Italian Baroque composer and teacher (d. 1704)
- October 5 – Gaspar de Witte, painter (d. 1681)
- October 9 – Murad Bakhsh, Mughal prince (d. 1661)
- October 19 – Robert Danvers, English politician (d. 1674)
- October 20 – Jan Albertsz Rotius, Dutch painter (d. 1666)
- October 21 – Edward Harley, English politician (d. 1700)
- October 26 – Dosoftei, Moldavian Metropolitan (d. 1693)
- October 30 – Paul Pellisson, French author (d. 1693)
- November 2 – Sir Thomas Myddelton, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1663)
- November 3 – Jean II d'Estrées, French noble (d. 1707)
- November 16 – Barent Fabritius, Dutch painter (d. 1673)
- November 28 – Angélique de Saint-Jean Arnauld d'Andilly, French Jansenist nun (d. 1684)
- December 16 – Queen Jangnyeol, Korean royal consort (d. 1688)
- December 17 – Juriaen Jacobsze, Dutch painter (d. 1685)
- December 18 – John Hull, merchant and mintmaster of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1683)
- December 25 – Angelus Silesius, German writer (d. 1677)
- Koxinga, Chinese military leader (d. 1662)
- Jane Leade, English esotericist (d. 1704)
- Torii Tadaharu, Japanese nobleman (d. 1651)
- January 3 – Jacopo Inghirami, Tuscan admiral (b. 1565)
- January 17 – Tamás Erdődy (b. 1558)
- January 24 – Martin Becanus, Belgian Jesuit priest (b. 1563)
- February 4 – Thomas Humphrey, English politician (b. 1554)
- February 6 – Lamoral, 1st Prince of Ligne (b. 1563)
- February 7 – Cort Aslakssøn, Astronomer (b. 1564)
- February 12 – George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
- February 13 – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
- February 16 – Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox, Scottish nobleman and politician (b. 1574)
- February 17 – Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
- February 18 – Francis Ros, first Latin Archbishop of Angamaly-Cranganore (b. 1559)
- February 19 – Thomas Fleming, English politician (b. 1572)
- February 21 – John Adolph, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg, Duke of Norburg at Als (b. 1576)
- February 28 – Clemens Timpler, German philosopher (b. 1563)
- March 15 – Louis of Anhalt-Köthen, German prince (b. 1607)
- March 27 – Ulrik of Denmark, Danish prince-bishop (b. 1578)
- March 28 – Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset, English noble (b. 1589)
- April 13 – William Bishop, first Roman Catholic bishop after the English Reformation (b. 1553)
- April 17 – Mariana Navarro de Guevarra Romero, Spanish Roman Catholic nun who became a member of the Mercedarian Tertiaries (b. 1565)
- May 12 – John Rashleigh, English politician (b. 1554)
- May 27 – Diego Ramírez de Arellano, Spanish sailor and cosmographer (b. c. 1580)
- June 2 – Jacques l'Hermite, Dutch admiral and explorer (b. 1582)
- June 4 – Rombertus van Uylenburgh, Dutch lawyer (b. 1554)
- July – Alonso Fajardo de Entenza, governor of the Philippines
- July 17 – Johan van Dorth, Dutch noble (b. 1574)
- July 31 – Henry II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1563)
- August 4 – Emanuel Filibert of Savoy, Viceroy of Sicily (b. 1588)
- September 7 – Carew Reynell, English politician (b. 1563)
- September 13 – Ketevan the Martyr (b. c. 1560)
- September 17 – Gilles du Monin (b. 1565)
- September 18 – Pedro Osores de Ulloa, Royal Governor of Chile (b. 1554)
- September 23 – Willem Pieterszoon Buytewech, Dutch Golden Age painter (b. 1592)
- September 25 – Fronton du Duc, French Jesuit theologian (b. 1558)
- September 29 – Simón de Rojas, Spanish saint (b. 1552)
- October 22 – Jessé de Forest, American colonist (b. 1576)
- November 2 – Cornelis van der Voort, Dutch painter (b. 1576)
- November 5 – James Wriothesley, Lord Wriothesley, English politician (b. 1605)
- November 10 – Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theatre (b. 1573)
- November 14 – Costanzo Antegnati, Italian composer, organist (b. 1549)
- November 15 – Caius of Korea, Japanese Martyr (b. 1571)
- November 17 – Jakob Böhme, German mystic (b. 1575)
- December 2 – Dermod O'Brien, 5th Baron Inchiquin, Irish Baron (b. 1594)
- December 5 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)
- December 6 – Francesco Contarini, Doge of Venice (b. 1556)
- December 9 – Flaminio Scala, Italian playwright and stage actor (b. 1552)
- December 14 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English statesman (b. 1536)
- December 15 – Jerónimo Bautista Lanuza, Spanish friar, bishop and writer (b. 1533)
- December 25
- December 26 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (b. 1573)
- December 28 – Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw, Prince-bishop of Wroclaw (b. 1590)
- December 30 – John Kendrick, prosperous English cloth merchant (b. 1573)
- date unknown