1634

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1634 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1634
MDCXXXIV
Ab urbe condita2387
Armenian calendar1083
ԹՎ ՌՁԳ
Assyrian calendar6384
Balinese saka calendar1555–1556
Bengali calendar1041
Berber calendar2584
English Regnal yearCha. 1 – 10 Cha. 1
Buddhist calendar2178
Burmese calendar996
Byzantine calendar7142–7143
Chinese calendar癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4330 or 4270
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4331 or 4271
Coptic calendar1350–1351
Discordian calendar2800
Ethiopian calendar1626–1627
Hebrew calendar5394–5395
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1690–1691
 - Shaka Samvat1555–1556
 - Kali Yuga4734–4735
Holocene calendar11634
Igbo calendar634–635
Iranian calendar1012–1013
Islamic calendar1043–1044
Japanese calendarKan'ei 11
(寛永11年)
Javanese calendar1555–1556
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3967
Minguo calendar278 before ROC
民前278年
Nanakshahi calendar166
Thai solar calendar2176–2177
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1760 or 1379 or 607
    — to —
阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1761 or 1380 or 608

1634 (MDCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1634th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 634th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1630s decade. As of the start of 1634, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events[edit]

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

  • April 1Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine, who assumed the throne of the duchy on January 19 upon the abdication of his older brother Charles IV abdicates in favor of Charles.
  • April 14 – The Battle of Amritsar begins in India when Mughal Empire troops attempt to eliminate the Sikh religious leader, Guru Hargobind, by attacking Amritsar. The Sikh defenders hand the Mughal invaders an unprecedented defeat.
  • May 2 – With Albrecht Wallenstein having been eliminated, the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II personally takes command of the Imperial Army.
  • May 5 – King Charles I of England and Scotland first refers to the banner of the British Isles as the "Union Flag" in a proclamation that the flag shall not be used on any ships other than those "in our immediate Service and Pay, and none other." The term evolves into the description of the British flag as the "Union Jack".
  • June 14 – The Treaty of Polyanovka is signed between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Tsardom of Russia, concluding the Smolensk War.

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

  • October 11– The Burchardi flood (also known as the second Grote Mandrenke) strikes the North Sea coast of Germany and Denmark, causing at least 8,000 deaths and perhaps as many as 12,000.
  • November 11 – The Irish House of Commons passes an Act for the Punishment of the Vice of Buggery.
  • December 8 – Francesco Niccolini obtains an audience with Pope Urban VIII and pleads him to reconsider the Church's punishment of astronomer Galileo Galilei. The Pope replies that although he esteems Galileo highly, nothing will change. [4]
  • December 16Gregorio Panzani, an emissary of Pope Urban VIII, is welcomed in England by King Charles I, [5] marking the first time since England's break with the Roman Catholic Church that a monarch has received an agent of the Vatican.

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Hendrick Avercamp

References[edit]

  1. ^ Black, Jeremy (2002). European warfare, 1494-1660. London New York: Routledge. p. 137. ISBN 9781134477098.
  2. ^ Allen G. Debus, The Chemical Philosophy (Dover Publications, 2013) p. 310
  3. ^ Asbach, Olaf (2016). The Ashgate research companion to the Thirty Years' War. London New York: Routledge. p. 291. ISBN 9781317041351.
  4. ^ Karl von Gebler, Galileo Galilei and the Roman Curia, From Authentic Sources (DigiCat, 2022)
  5. ^ "Relations between the Anglican and Roman Catholic Churches in the 16th and 17th Centuries, by D.M. Loades, in Rome and the Anglicans: Historical and Doctrinal Aspects of Anglican-Roman Catholic Relations by J. C. H. Aveling (Walter De Gruyter, 2019) p.41,
  6. ^ Fayette, La (1999). The princesse de Clèves ; The princesse de Montpensier ; The comtesse de Tende. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. p. xxxvi. ISBN 9780192837264.
  7. ^ Chambers's Encyclopaedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge. W. & R. Chambers. 1926. p. 505.
  8. ^ Bissell, R (2005). Masters of Italian Baroque painting : the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, in association with D Giles Ltd., London. p. 98. ISBN 9781904832058.
  9. ^ O. Classe (2000). Encyclopedia of Literary Translation Into English: A-L. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 261.
  10. ^ Luijten, Ger (1993). Dawn of the golden age : northern Netherlandish art, 1580-1620. Amsterdam Zwolle New Haven: Rijksmuseum Waanders Yale University Press distributor. p. 299. ISBN 9780300060164.
  11. ^ Fritze, Ronald (1996). Historical dictionary of Stuart England, 1603-1689. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 109. ISBN 9780313283918.